RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Sample Answer for RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism Included After Question

Initial Post Instructions

For the initial post, respond to only one of the following options:

Option 1

Choose and describe one of the five (Brahman, Atman, Maya, Karma, Samsara, Moksha) key concepts from the Upanishads.

  1. Explain how this concept relates to any of the other four or to other expressions of Indian spirituality?
  2. Use a quote from the Upanishads to support your thoughts
  3. Why did you choose this concept and how does it relate to your own understanding or beliefs?

Option 2

Choose and describe one of the four yoga. Include the following:

  1. Describe, with examples, how this is a path to the Divine and leads a person to realization.
  2. Why did you choose this path to discuss?
  3. Determine how your understanding of your chosen yoga might relate to your professional standards of care.


A Sample Answer For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

I chose option # 2 which speaks about the different types of yoga’s in Hinduism. Raja Yoga “promotes meditation” (Molloy, 2020 p. 90). Meditation is a form of finding peace within yourself especially when life seems out of control. The Bhagavad Gita describes yoga as a basic meditation, a person can sit quietly to calm the mind (Molloy, 2020 p. 90). This type of tactic is a path to the Divine and can lead a person to realization by connecting with yourself, calming your nerves, calming your anxiety levels, concentrating on what is important, and emptying out the negative. As a result, stress levels are reduced and a new way of thinking can be concurred.

I chose this type of path because for myself when life is overwhelming for me, I am able to find peace by going to a quiet area of my home or any personal space to meditate. The meditation provides me with comfort. I am able to use my Christian religion to pray while I’m in my peace by closing my eyes and concentrating on what is important. As a Christian, in order to hear God, speak to you, a person must go to a quiet place and connect while emptying out all the negative that is attached. “Meditation practice does indeed increase the feeling of well-being, reduces negative affects (anxiety, depression), and enhances some attentional skills” (Droit-Volet, 2019).

I am able to use a meditation tactic as a professional when too much is going on at one time. For instance, whether in my past experiences of working physically in the facility or currently working as an RN case manager in the field, it can be overwhelming; from the phone ringing multiple times repeatedly, to patients or patient’s family calling your name, or just the demands of your job. Sometimes, I have to take a step back, find a peaceful area to take a deep breath, say a quick prayer to calm my nerves and gain control of my situation.

Meditation is helpful to me in so many ways with positive end results. Alternatively, I am able to teach or show my patients how to meditate when anxiety levels are increased due to upcoming tests, surgeries, unknown results, and any type of bloodwork that needs to be completed. Some patients are claustrophobic while getting an MRI, so patient teaching on meditation will assist in calming and preparing the patient for whatever it is that is causing their anxiety levels to be increasingly high.


Molloy, M. (2020). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill (English) ; Abstract available. By: Droit-Volet S; Chaulet M; Dutheil F; Dambrun M, PloS one [PLoS One], ISSN: 1932-6203, 2019 Oct 18; Vol. 14 (10), pp. e0223567; Publisher: Public Library of Science; PMID: 31626645, Database: MEDLINE Complete PubMedLinks to an external site.

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A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

First I will say that I love your name, it makes me think of our lady of Fatima. Second, I was glad to see that you chose yoga to discuss. When I worked in the Oncology unit, I used a form of meditation for my patients and I did not know that it was called Raja Yoga. It really did help the patients by calming their nerves and anxiety levels, by helping them concentrate on what is important, and emptying out the negative.

By the negative, I mean, the patients new that an early death for them was inevitable but by concentrating on what is important and at that moment was the here and now and what they can do with the time that they had left. In reading about Raja Yoga, I found out that I was doing it without knowing that I was doing it. I found your discussion very enlightening. Thank you.

RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 
RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

One very common element that is found in most religions of the world is an element of seeking to become more spiritual. For the Hindus, this is found mainly in the Raja Yoga. There is something about the attempt to get away from the world and all of its noise and trying to connect to something spiritual. I think this very strong proof that a spiritual realm exists. Something that is beyond or outside of our everyday human experience calls to us, and connecting with it tends to be a very positive aspect of most religions.

 I can not LOVE your points enough! I think every field in nursing comes with its own things that are extremely overwhelming. There have been more times than I can count where monitors are going off, call lights dinging, patients calling for help, ambulances rolling in, triage stats being called and I just feel like my head is going to explode. There are some times I just need to step outside and take a deep breath and decompress.

I have never considered meditation but honestly I’m open to anything that is helpful. “Sometimes this practice is coupled with being aware of the breathing or coordinating with it. In other exercises, the mantra is actually whispered very lightly and softly, as an aid to concentration” (Dienstmann, G. (2019, May 16). I think calming down plays a huge role in how you’re breathing at the time too, So definitely something to consider.

Dienstmann, G. (2019, May 16). The Ancient Powerful Practices of Hindu Meditation. Retrieved November 06, 2020, from

A Sample Answer 3 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

One of the four Yogas I chose was Hatha Yoga. While there are many Yogas, this one is probably the most popular. It involves meditation and the use of physical movements, stretches, breathing techniques, and balance to achieve greater meditation. These sequenced movements assist the person practicing in reaching a deeper and longer level of meditation.  “A yoga is a way for people to perfect their union with the divine, and because the yogas suggest roads to perfection, they are also called margas (“paths”)” (Molloy, 2020).

The many ways and paths of the yogas allow the Hindu’s to find peace and practice their spiritual beliefs while finding their divine nature. By breathing, meditating, and essentially practicing Hatha Yoga the person can reflect and find their soul and how it may reach the Divine. The movements associated with Hatha Yoga allow the person practicing it to reflect longer and assists in a mind and body spiritual practice. Hatha Yoga can be practiced by any individual or caste, unlike other Yogas such as Jnana Yoga which is typically associated with higher caste persons.

I chose this path to discuss because I am most familiar with it. I, myself have experienced Hatha and other types of movement yoga to meditate and find time to reflect and breathe. However, I wasn’t aware that it was a religious spiritual practice at its origin. I find this quite fascinating because it gives a new meaning to the practice. I also chose it because I believe it can be beneficial to anyone who practices Hinduism or not. For Hindu’s it has a different meaning and end goal with that being a more spiritual practice in trying to find ones’ soul and reach the Divine. But it can help day to day stresses of anyone as well.

This can relate to my profession by understanding my patients who are Hindu. I work with a lot of people of the Hindu religion as well as many of my patients. It is helpful to understand their culture and beliefs to provide better care. Yoga itself can be very beneficial to patients who are suffering from anxiety or depression with possibly a recent diagnosis. “Regarding country of origin, RCTs(Randomized Control Trials) conducted in India revealed large positive effects of yoga compared to active comparators on anxiety, whereas RCTs from Western countries found small positive effects of yoga compared to no treatment on anxiety and depression” (Cramer, Lauche, Anheyer, Pilkington, de Manincor, Dobos, & Ward, 2018).

I was surprised at first by the findings of this study because often yoga is associated with lower stress levels and a way to combat anxiety. But the more I thought about it, this makes complete sense. In India, they are practicing Hatha yoga for a goal. It is a spiritual goal and is trying to find a path to the Divine. By doing this they are able to appreciate the practice in a different and probably deeper way and in turn find greater benefit.


Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Anheyer, D., Pilkington, K., de Manincor, M., Dobos, G., & Ward, L. (2018). Yoga for anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety, 35(9), 830-843. doi:10.1002/da.22762

Molloy, M. (2020). Experiencing the world’s religions – tradition, challenge, and change (8th ed.). 2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

A Sample Answer 4 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Many students in the past who have commented on Hatha Yoga have emphasized how it seems to help its adherents to find peace within a busy and sometimes scary world.

I think most people at times want to find away to get away from the busyness of the world, and to find a place or a way in which we can clear our minds and refresh is something that is common to most religions, as well as cultures both religious and secular.

In recent years a new trend has occurred where we are seeing more and more children and young people being diagnosed with a condition in which they are becoming over stimulated. Some reach a point in which too much stimulation prevents them from being able to function.

I can remember as a child, usually when I was sick or very tired, of having experiences when I just needed the world around me to slow down. 

Today in our schools, yoga has been introduced as a method to calm both primary school and special education classes to give our young children a chance to wind down and collect themselves. Children today, with the use of electronic technologies lose the effect of movement, therefore causing over stimulation. With the integration of yoga in the schools, it shows how what began as a way to help people spiritually reconnect, is being used to calm and reconnect students to their daily activities. Mediation and yoga shows how a religious activity can have a positive social impact.  

From the four types of Yoga, you selected Hatha Yoga. You provide an interesting discussion by noting that this type of yoga helps people to meditate and engage in physical movements, stretching, breathing techniques, and balance. Overall, I can relate this instance of Hatha Yoga with my life. This is because when relaxing, I pay attention to the element of having a quiet time alone. Additionally, I engage in breathing techniques, which are fundamental in enhancing how I relax and be at peace when I tend to feel being overwhelmed. In the nursing practice, nurse professionals can utilize this form of Yoga by involving other individuals, such as patients with anxiety (Hofmann et al., 2016).

I can engage patients and encourage them to make use of breathing techniques to ensure that they continue relaxing despite negative occurrences that may be happening in their lives. What do you think would be the major setback that may occur when nurse professionals attempt to employ Hatha Yoga for the benefit of their patients?


Hofmann, S. G., Andreoli, G., Carpenter, J. K., & Curtiss, J. (2016). Effect of Hatha yoga on anxiety: a meta‐analysis. Journal of Evidence‐Based Medicine9(3), 116-124.

A Sample Answer 5 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

According to Berkley University (2020), Hindu’s ultimate goal and purpose is the idea of Moksha.  It forms around the concept of salvation and liberation.  Liberation, that is, from the cycle of life, death, and rebirth (also called Samsara).  Molloy (2020) attests that moksha is the Upanishads’ “ultimate human goal” and comes from the root meaning “to be released.”  To become free, free from the limitations of being an individual, leads to one embracing oneness, wholeness, unity, and sacredness.  If one can separate oneself from pleasure and pain, as well as view life from a less selfish and less egotistical, it can bring about Moksha. 

To compare it to Samsara, the Upanishads believe that one is constantly being reborn, stemming from one form into another in the future over and over again.  Because this can be exhausting, and there are odds that some of these lives will be unhappy ones, individuals want to achieve moksha to break this cycle.  When insight, practice, and kindness are aligned, the pain of rebirth ends and Brahman remains.  “When all has become Spirit, one’s own self, how and whom could one see?” (Molloy, 2020). 

The New World Encyclopedia (2020) notes that there are four paths that lead to moksha and that they are dependent on personality, taste, and temperaments depending on the devotee.  This is different than most other religions as those typically have a very limited path to salvation and liberation.  These paths are karma, bhakti, jnana, and raja – selfless work, self-dissolving love, absolute discernment, and meditative immersion.  These paths complement each other and are not mutually exclusive.  While different schools of philosophy vary on ways to achieve moksha, they all agree that it, freedom from suffering, is the ultimate goal of life.

With the climate of today’s political society, it was hard to not be attracted to this concept of Hinduism.  Rising above selfishness and egotistical limitations, and choosing the greater good of others, is something to embrace whether or not one believes in rebirth and reincarnation. There is some negative connotation to imply life is suffering, which is not a way I choose to live day to day. But to that note, whatever one believes in for an afterlife, it might behoove society to model our behavior like those of karma, bhakti, jnana, and raja. 


Moksha (2014). New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved from to an external site..

Moksha (2020). Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, & World Affairs. Georgetown University. Retrieved from: to an external site.

Molloy, M. (2020). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill

A Sample Answer 6 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Brahman may be the complete truth. It offers 3 religious attributes, knowledge, namely eternality, and bliss. Brahman will be the reason behind all sources, from who every thing will come, by who things are looked after, and into who everything enters following dissolution. Brahman is religious, it’s situated past material traits as well as components duality. A few schools of Brahman is considered by philosophy being impersonal, Brahman is considered by others being the supreme first character of Godhead (Molloy, 2020). The Atma describes the person living entity as being a spirit soul.

The atma is but one in quality together with the Brahman, that’s he’s of similar religious characteristics, but in amount he’s infinitesimal. It’s as a drop of the ocean and ocean water. Although a fall of ocean water might have exactly the same minerals as the seashore, we can’t imagine the fall of ocean water to become the seashore. They’re 1 in quality, completely different in quantity. You will find unlimited particular atmas (Molloy, 2020). Several philosophers think about the personality of the atma to become eternal, others think the atma gradually merges back again into the Brahman and also will lose the individuality of its.

Molloy, M. (2020). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill

A Sample Answer 7 For the Assignment: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

Title: RELI 448N Discussion Hinduism 

I chose Option 1 and Brahman as my key concept from the Upanishads. Since I have no idea as to what the Upanishads is, I will provide a definition for it. The definition of Upanishads  according to Mark, J. is: “The Upanishads are the philosophical-religious texts of Hinduism (also known as Sanatan Dharma meaning “Eternal Order” or “Eternal Path”) which develop and explain the fundamental tenets of the religion” (2020). I am assuming based on this definition that the Upanishads is a form of scripture for Hinduism as the Holy Bible is for the Catholics.

“Brahman is the lived experience that all things are in some way holy because they come from the same sacred source. It is also the experience that all things are in some way ultimately one” (Molloy, 2020, p.81). Brahman appears to deal with the experience of the external universe whereas Atman has to do with the sacred within oneself. Maya is more of an illusion, because in the Upanishads reality it is more like a state of awareness by the mind. Karma is sort of an unspoken law, for every action there is a reaction, sort of a cause and effect if you will. This again can be thought of as a state of awareness.

Karma is only perceived by the person experiencing it at that precise moment. Sansara is sort of like the infinite circle of life. The physical being may seize to exist but the spiritual being constantly being emerged in new forms. As a Catholic the ultimate human goal is to some day be seated at God’s table. Well with Moksha it is similar, because your perspective of life is changed and sacredness becomes part of your entire being and kindness fills all of your pours. Finally, only Brahman remains and this is the way that they are all related, the final goal is for all things to ultimately be seen as one.

This quote from the Upanishads should help support my thoughts. VII “He who perceives all beings as the Self for him, how can there be delusion or grief, when he sees this oneness everywhere”(Paramananda, S., 2014)?

I chose the Brahman concept because it appears to be the one that explains that there is only one God and that is the same belief that the Catholics have. I too believe that all things come from the same sacred source. Which in turn solidifies that we are one in God.


Molloy, M. (2020). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Mark, J.J., (2020).Upanishads (Definition) to an external site.

Paramananda, S. The Upanishads. The Project Gutenberg EBook. March 30, 2014 to an external site.