PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW

Sample Answer for PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW Included After Question

The four principles of biomedical ethics, especially in the context of bioethics in the United States, have often been critiqued for raising the principle of autonomy to the highest place, such that it trumps all other principles or values. Based on your worldview, how do you rank the importance of each of the four principles in order to protect the health and safety of diverse populations?

Initial discussion question posts should be a minimum of 200 words and include at least two references cited using APA format. Responses to peers or faculty should be 100-150 words and include one reference. Refer to the “Discussion Question Rubric” and “Participation Rubric,” located in Class Resources, to understand the expectations for initial discussion question posts and participation posts, respectively.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing Core Competencies for Professional Nursing Education
This assignment aligns with AACN Core Competencies: 3.1

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW

Feel free to respond to this post; at least your first response answering this prompt will qualify as substantive. 

The four principles covered in this topic deal with four core values to be sought after and upheld in healthcare; these four are autonomy, beneficience, nonmaleficence, and justice. How do you know which of these four applies to what? 

Below you will find a list of sample healthcare situations. To get credit for your substantive post, copy and paste the names of each patient from this list into your reply, and for each patient identify which principle is at the heart of his/her medical issue (autonomy, beneficience, nonmaleficence, or justice), and a one-sentence reason why you chose that one. (By the way, you may or may not use all four principles.) 

  • Terry Schaivo is in a coma with no advanced medical directive. Her husband wants to pull the feeding tube and allow her to die; her parents want the feeding tube to remain in case she wakes. 
  • Due to advances in medical technology, Tina has discovered the gender of her baby extremely early; she had wanted a different gender, and since abortions are still available at this stage of the pregnancy, she requests one. 
  • CJ is a working adult and a veteran with chronic nerve pain in his leg from combat. He learns that medical marijuana may help his intense bouts of pain, and requests his medical team look into prescribing him some form of medical cannabis, which this medical practice has never done before. 
  • Ryan, a 19-year-old college athlete, is rushed to the ER in the middle of the night with piercing chest pain. The nurse on duty administers a painkiller, and passes the patient to a second nurse who wheels Ryan to get X-rayed. Ryan insists on standing up for the X-ray, but passes out from the effects of the painkiller, bruising his head on the machine as he collapses. 

I’m not looking for a particular answer; I am looking to see you practice the critical analysis in deciding what goes with what. Enjoy! 

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 3 DQ 1 NEW

Terry Schaivo: Nonmaleficence

The principle of nonmaleficence, which focuses on avoiding harm, is central to Terry Schaivo’s case. The decision regarding whether to remove her feeding tube revolves around minimizing harm to Terry and ensuring her well-being.

Tina: Autonomy

Tina’s situation is related to the principle of autonomy. She has the right to make decisions about her own body and reproductive health. Her request for an abortion aligns with her autonomy in making choices that affect her well-being.

CJ: Beneficence

The principle of beneficence is significant in CJ’s case. The exploration of medical marijuana as a potential treatment for his chronic nerve pain is driven by the goal of promoting his well-being and alleviating his suffering.

Ryan: Justice

The principle of justice is applicable to Ryan’s situation. There is a concern about the fair and equitable distribution of resources and attention in the emergency room, as well as considering Ryan’s preferences regarding the X-ray procedure.

Here’s a brief description of each of the four principles: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice.

  1. Autonomy: Autonomy refers to the principle that individuals have the right to make decisions about their own lives and bodies. It emphasizes respect for an individual’s self-determination and the ability to make choices that align with their own values, beliefs, and preferences. In healthcare, respecting autonomy means involving patients in decision-making processes, providing them with relevant information, and obtaining their informed consent before any medical interventions.
    1. Beneficence: Beneficence is the principle that focuses on promoting the well-being and best interests of individuals. It emphasizes the moral obligation to act in ways that benefit others and contribute to their overall welfare. In healthcare, beneficence involves providing effective treatments, interventions, and care that aim to improve the health outcomes and quality of life of patients. It also includes actions such as preventing harm, relieving suffering, and promoting health and wellness.
    1. Nonmaleficence: Nonmaleficence is the principle that emphasizes the duty to do no harm. It involves avoiding or minimizing harm and preventing unnecessary suffering. In healthcare, nonmaleficence guides healthcare professionals to prioritize the safety and well-being of patients, ensuring that any interventions or treatments do not cause undue harm or adverse effects. It also involves carefully balancing the potential risks and benefits of medical interventions to minimize harm.
    1. Justice: Justice refers to the principle of fairness and equitable distribution of resources, benefits, and burdens in society. In healthcare, justice involves ensuring that all individuals have equal access to healthcare services, regardless of their socioeconomic status, race, gender, or other factors. It also entails making decisions and allocating resources in a fair and transparent manner, considering the needs and interests of all individuals and promoting equitable health outcomes for everyone.

These four principles provide a framework for ethical decision-making in healthcare, guiding healthcare professionals, policymakers, and society in addressing complex moral dilemmas and ensuring ethical practice in the field of medicine.


Gillon R. (2015). Defending the four principles approach as a good basis for good medical practice and therefore for good medical ethics. Journal of medical ethics41(1), 111–116.

Gillon R. (1994). Medical ethics: four principles plus attention to scope. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)309(6948), 184–188.

Holm, S. (2002). Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 5th edn. Journal of Medical Ethics, 28, 332.