PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW

Sample Answer for PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW Included After Question

How does your worldview of human value affect your beliefs about bioethical issues, such as abortion, designer babies, and stem cell research?

Initial discussion question posts should be a minimum of 200 words and include at least two references cited using APA format. Responses to peers or faculty should be 100-150 words and include one reference. Refer to the “Discussion Question Rubric” and “Participation Rubric,” located in Class Resources, to understand the expectations for initial discussion question posts and participation posts, respectively.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW

It’s time for our weekly topic summary! Once again, this summary will count for both DQ’s. I have four observations and one parting thought this week: 


  • DQ #1 – We seem to be in agreement that the imago Dei gives a very high value to humans–absolutely! In the Genesis account of creation, when God creates Adam and Eve he literally breathes into them; the word in Hebrew is ruah. But what is interesting here is that the word ruah actually has two meanings, and it also means “spirit.” Where in Genesis 1:2 it says that the Spirit of God hovered over the waters, that is literally the ruah of God. And that is what is put into humans in Genesis 1:26-27, where humans are said to be created in God’s image, or the Latin imago Dei. 
  • DQ #1 – I also got a strong sense that as important as the imago Dei is for Christians, it carries less weight with people who are not Christians. I observe this only because we are a class of multiple faiths, and I do want to acknowledge that. Nor, by the way, does this necessarily play down either the imago Dei idea or anyone who is not a Christian who accords less importance for the idea–giving value both to the Bible and to anyone who acknowledges a different faith tradition or no faith tradition, it makes sense that this idea, as important as it is in the life of a Christian and especially Christians who serve others occupationally, it is not a dogma to be forced on someone who does not believe. I hope I communicated genuinely and caringly here–this was a tricky bullet point! 
  • DQ #2 – There is a clear connection between what we believe about human value, and how we approach given ethical situations. This is great—our normative ethics ought to meet our applied ethics like this. By normative ethics, I mean the guidelines (or ‘norms’) by which we decide right from wrong, in this case our understanding of why human life has value. By applied ethics, I mean our understanding of what is right and wrong in a specific situation or situations, in this case the topics like designer babies, abortion, etc. Well done! 

A Parting Thought: 

  • Why human life has value matters tremendously, not just in ethics but in life. In ethics, it explains how we land where we do on certain issues—this also crosses into real life since the issues can be real-life issues, but it also crosses into real life because we tend to treat others according to how we view them. To give a silly example and then a serious example, I used to have a neighbor who is on oxygen, a grandmother helping to raise her grandaughters with the children’s single father. She’s an amazing example to me. You can tell she has a high value for all people because even the ones that are giving her issues will get a blessing: “God bless _____, but they need to _____.” (!) She may not enjoy every decision that person made, but she gives them value. In a more technical sense, consider IVF.
  • I have no personal reason to be against having a baby by any means available, and I also wonder if we are considering every result when we consider whether or not a given situation ought to use IVF to achieve pregnancy. What I mean by results are the embryos. IVF creates not one but several embryos, and once an embryo implants in the uterus the others are stored indefinitely unless they are discarded or used for stem cell research. However, if an embryo deserves moral status–in this case, not because an embryo is a moral agent but because of properties that a human embryo will possess (sentience, humanity, etc.)–then discarding an embryo or destroying it to harvest its stem cells could be paramount to murder. Freezing them indefinitely may also constitute a severe devaluing of something with moral status. Without asking you to think a certain way about these issues, I do invite you to question what makes a person a person, and what gives a person moral value, and how to apply that consistently and fairly across all stages of human life and gestation. 

Thank you again for a wonderful week’s discussion! 

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 2 NEW

My worldview of human value does not significantly affect my beliefs about bioethical issues such as abortion, designer babies, and stem cell research. 

I believe that every human being has the right to make the choices that they feel are the best for them and that it is not my right or responsibility to judge their decisions. Personally, I feel that abortion is something that should be carefully considered and should be an option for women who feel that it is the best decision for themselves. Adolescents and all people who are pregnant have the right to make autonomous decisions about whether to carry or terminate a pregnancy, and should receive safe, effective, appropriate medical care to support this decision (Kromenaker, 2023).

While many ethicists and scientists have condemned the idea of genetical modification for various reasons, I still hold the same view that it is merely the decision of the parent(s) and while I may not feel that is it appropriate for myself, that doesn’t mean it isn’t right for others. Some couples with health concerns may feel that a designer baby is their best shot at having a healthy baby. While I don’t feel that this is something that should be utilized for mere creation of a baby with handpicked features, I’m sure that if an individual had the means they would or have likely done so. 

Regarding stem cell research, I initially felt like it was beneficial and presented very little ethic or moral issues. However, upon doing some research it appears that stem cell research can potentially provide new medical advancements to those in need, yet the risks associated outweigh the benefits. Adult stem cell research is a viable alternative with less risks and is more accepted by ethicists (Nwigwe, 2019). All things considered; I don’t believe that my personal worldview affects my beliefs regarding these topics. 


Nwigwe, L. (2019). Embryonic stem cell research: An ethical dilemma. Voices in Bioethics5.

T. Kromenaker. (2023). The importance of access to abortion. The American Academy of Pediatrics.