PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW

Sample Answer for PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW Included After Question

How can the Christian concept of the imago Dei inform a holistic perspective of the patient within their family and community?

Initial discussion question posts should be a minimum of 200 words and include at least two references cited using APA format. Responses to peers or faculty should be 100-150 words and include one reference. Refer to “Discussion Question Rubric” and “Participation Rubric,” located in Class Resources, to understand the expectations for initial discussion question posts and participation posts, respectively.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing Core Competencies for Professional Nursing Education
This assignment aligns with AACN Core Competencies: 2.3

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW

The muddiest point about moral status was the distinction between potential and actual moral agents in ethical theories. I found it challenging to grasp how some theories attribute moral status based on an individual’s capacity for moral agency rather than their current status as a moral agent. For instance, theories that highlight potential moral agency seem to introduce a level of subjectivity in determining moral status, raising questions about the reliability and objectivity of such assessments.

Moreover, this distinction becomes particularly complex when applied to various scenarios involving entities with limited or evolving moral agency, such as infants, individuals with cognitive disabilities, or even emerging technologies like artificial intelligence. How ethical theories navigate these nuanced scenarios and establish criteria for assessing the moral status of entities lacking current moral agency remains unclear.

To gain clarity on this matter, a crucial question arises: How do ethical theories differentiate between potential and actual moral agency, and what criteria are employed to assess the moral status of entities lacking current moral agency? Answering this question would not only enhance our understanding of the intricacies involved in determining moral status but also provide guidance on applying these theories to real-world situations where the potential for moral agency is a critical factor. This clarification is vital for developing a comprehensive and consistent framework for ethical decision-making, especially in contexts where the moral status of entities is contingent on their potential for moral agency.


Papish, Laura, ‘Moral Misunderstandings and the Ethical Community’, Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform (New York, 2018; online edn, Oxford Academic, 24 May 2018),, accessed 13 Nov. 2023.

Iserson K. V. (1999). Principles of biomedical ethics. Emergency medicine clinics of North America17(2), 283–ix.

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW

Title: PHI 413 Topic 2 DQ 1 NEW

The relational view in bioethics, as discussed by Beauchamp and Childress (2019), emphasizes the importance of relationships and social connections in determining the moral status of individuals, particularly in situations where autonomy is compromised. When applying the relational view to patients with cognitive impairments or limited decision-making capacity, healthcare professionals can consider the following guidelines:

  1. Focus on Relationships: Assess the patient’s connections with family, friends, and caregivers. Understanding the patient’s relational network can provide insights into their values, preferences, and what constitutes their well-being.
    1. Engage in Dialogue: Communicate with the patient’s family and caregivers to gather information about the patient’s life, values, and past decision-making patterns. This collaborative approach helps build a comprehensive picture of the patient’s moral status.
      1. Respect Prior Autonomy: Consider the patient’s previously expressed wishes and values when they had decision-making capacity. This involves respecting the autonomy the patient exercised in the past and using it as a guide to make decisions in their best interest.

For example, in a study by Miller et al. (2018) titled “Ethical Issues in Dementia Care: An Integrative Review,” the authors explore various ethical considerations, including decision-making for individuals with cognitive impairments. The review provides insights into the challenges healthcare professionals face and offers potential strategies for navigating ethical dilemmas in the care of patients with compromised autonomy. Reference: Miller, L. M., Whitlatch, C. J., & Lyons, K. S. (2018). Ethical Issues in Dementia Care: An Integrative Review. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 37(1), 53–87.