NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

Sample Answer for NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice Included After Question

BY DAY 3 OF WEEK 3

Post a brief description of your assigned theory and your practice issue. Then, explain how you would apply your assigned theory to your practice issue and explain your reasoning. Be specific and provide examples. Cite your sources in your post.

Read a selection of your colleagues’ posts.

BY DAY 6 OF WEEK 3

Respond to at least two colleagues on 2 different days. Choose colleagues who were assigned different theories than your own. Respond to their posts in one or more of the following ways:

  • Critique their application of theory to their practice issue and either explain why you support their thinking or recommend a different theory to consider, which may be the theory you were assigned. Explain your thinking.
  • Drawing on their explanation of their assigned theory, describe how this theory applies to your practice issue and explain your reasoning.
  • Compare and contrast their assigned theory with your own for application to practice issues. Support your reasoning.  

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

Title: NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

Transformational leadership is a leadership style that seeks to effect change in an organization change through a strategic vision. A transformational leader recognizes the desired change, develops a vision to direct the change through motivation, and carries out the change with commitment from the team members (Iqbal et al., 2020). The strategic vision helps to bond organizational members and motivates them to strive towards attaining organizational objectives derived from the organization’s vision and mission. 

The leader nurtures team members to grow into leaders by responding to the needs of an individual team member and empowering them (Iqbal et al., 2020). My practice issue is diabetes-related complications, attributed to challenges in the clinical and self-management of diabetes (Papatheodorou et al., 2018). Diabetes complications are associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates and pose a considerable economic burden on our country’s health care system.

Transformational Leadership in Nursing and Health Care can be applied to address diabetes complications by identifying a change needed in clinical practice and care of patients with diabetes. I will then create a vision of how I envision patient care and health outcomes of diabetic patients, which will guide the change (Iqbal et al., 2020). I will communicate the vision to other nurses and inspire them to work towards attaining the vision. Besides, I will motivate nurses to execute the identified change with commitment from all nurses (Iqbal et al., 2020).

As a leader, I will encourage and inspire creativity and innovation among nurses to develop new ways of providing care to diabetic patients and improve their health outcomes. Furthermore, I will apply the Transformational leadership theory by striving to create an environment where there is open communication to encourage sharing of constructive ideas among nurses. 

References

Iqbal, K., Fatima, T., & Naveed, M. (2020). The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Nurses’ Organizational Commitment: A Multiple Mediation Model. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education10(1), 262-275.

Papatheodorou, K., Banach, M., Bekiari, E., Rizzo, M., & Edmonds, M. (2018). Complications of Diabetes 2017. Journal of diabetes research2018, 3086167. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3086167

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A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

Title: NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

Health Belief Model

People’s beliefs affect all tenets of their lives including their health and health-seeking behavior. This theory was developed in the 1950s by US scientists to study why populations failed to adopt disease prevention strategies like screening and vaccination among others (Qiao et al., 2021). The purpose of this paper is to describe the Health Belief Model and the application of the model in nursing practice.

NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice
NURS 8114 Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice

According to this model, perceived threats, behaviors, and self-efficacy greatly influence an individual’s health-related behavior (Qiao et al., 2021). For a population or an individual to seek health care solutions, they look at the severity of the illness, risk of acquiring illness, and benefits of the process; does it totally cure an illness or just prevent exacerbations and relapses? They also look at the barriers to the health action if they are manageable, a stimulus to trigger the action, and the personal confidence to act (LaMorte, 2019).

All these factors act in a complex model to influence a person’s behavior or action towards a health-related theme. This model asserts that when an individual perceives that he or she has a higher risk for the illness, has severe illness, believes that is likely to be cured, and feels confident of the treatment they are likely to seek care and treatment.

Application of Health Belief Model in Practice

Nurses generally interact more with patients compared to other health care practitioners. This model is important in the nursing profession as it helps nurses counsel patients appropriately regarding their illnesses. Through the knowledge of the health belief model, nurses can help increase the uptake of preventive measures for certain illnesses. An example would be the case of a patient who is obese, has a family history of Diabetes mellitus type 2, takes four bottles of Coca-Cola every day, and is not keen to regularly screen for diabetes. In counseling this patient, the nurse must indicate the high risk for Type 2 DM as the patient is obese and has a family history.

This might help improve the patient’s perception of screening and healthy living. There are several barriers to health care seeking such as sigma, lack of transport, inadequate staffing, and limited or no insurance cover (Lu et al., 2022). Nurses may use these demotivating factors to influence policies like staffing and ambulance services. The theory is also helpful to nurses in improving vaccine uptakes. A perfect case is a COVID-19 vaccine which was met with a lot of opposition in some areas. Most of the vaccine brands conferred a descent score in controlling the severity and recurrence of the viral illness. Nurses can use the information to motivate patients to increase uptake and improve their quality of life.

Another important aspect in the application of the health belief model is in the treatment and screening of cancer. A relevant example would be breast cancer. The self-breast examination is a simple procedure that one can do but it goes a long way in the initial screening and diagnosis (Kissal & Kartal, 2019). Breast cancer is a real-life threat with a high mortality rate if diagnosed late or left untreated. The exposition of the information on an individual’s risk for breast cancer and the perceived benefits of having a self-breast examination is highly likely to persuade an individual towards screening and early treatment.

Conclusion

Consequences of actions tend to make people adopt a certain way of doing things to avoid negative repercussions for their actions. Naturally, this molds behavior over time. This model is largely effective in the transformation of patients’ health-seeking behavior by discussing with the patients the risks and perceived benefits of a health-related action. The model gives a good deal in enhancing preventative health measures and treatments.

References

Kissal, A., & Kartal, B. (2019). Effects of Health Belief Model-Based Education on Health Beliefs and Breast Self-Examination in Nursing Students. Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing, 6(4), 403. https://doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_17_19

LaMorte, W. (2019). The health belief model. Boston University School of Public Health. https://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories2.html

Lu, G., Cao, Y., Chai, L., Li, Y., Li, S., Heuschen, A.-K., Chen, Q., Müller, O., Cao, J., & Zhu, G. (2022). Barriers to seeking health care among returning travelers with malaria: A systematic review. Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH, 27(1), 28–37. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13698 Qiao, X., Ji, L., Jin, Y., Si, H., Bian, Y., Wang, W., & Wang, C. (2021). Development and validation of an instrument to measure beliefs in physical activity among (pre)frail older adults: An integration of the Health Belief Model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Patient Education and Counseling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2021.03.009

The NLN Jeffries Simulation Theory helps identify basic concepts and procedures for simulation- based education (SBE). It offers a means of researching the phenomena of simulation that can make it easier to investigate best practices, outcomes, and system change (Cowperthwait, 2020). The theory has six core concepts – situation, context, design, educative practice, simulation experience, and outcomes (Cowperthwait, 2020).

My practice issue is lack of effective interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between health care professionals. This is an issue that I come across on a daily basis in my place of practice that negatively impacts patients’ health outcomes. It is very important that every member of the patient’s health team is communicating effectively and not only through charts to ensure that we reduce errors and delays in patient care. Lack of structure, unfamiliarity with responsibilities and services, lack of trust, and communication are some of the barriers to effective IPC ((Moncatar et al., 2021) .

According to NLN Jeffries Simulation Theory, the concept of simulation experience starts with a setting of mutual trust between the learners and the facilitator. It is collaborative, practical, learner-centered, and interactive (Cowperthwait, 2020). Currently, the use of simulations in nursing education is increasing, and interprofessional education collaborations has received more attention (McEwen & Wills, 2023). During my entry level masters’ in nursing program at Charles Drew University, the clinical skills and simulation center will organize yearly mandatory interprofessional simulation. The participants were medical and nursing students from our school, and pharmacy students from West Coast University, and it was facilitated by the professors from the medical, nursing, and pharmacy schools.

The enhance teamwork and quality of care, the students from each profession learned from, with, and about each other. We all had to cooperate and communicate effectively in order to ensure that our simulated patient has a good health outcome. This simulation in interprofessional clinical education can be transferred to the healthcare settings to help team members consider their usual cooperation with one another and evaluate their nontechnical and teamwork skills (Von Wendt & Niemi-Murola, 2018). In essence, this theory can help healthcare organizations improve collaboration between interprofessional teams and subsequently provide better quality of care for patients.  For example, in my primary care workplace, we can have physicians, nurses, case managers, clinical pharmacists, social worker, and community health workers participate in biannual simulation experience to improve our communication with each other in order to better assist our patients.         

Thank you for your post this week. Renal disease is a serious condition that can cause other medical conditions or even death. Adherence to lifestyle change is imperative for renal disease patients’ survival. Unfortunately, a large amount of dialysis patients are diabetic, leaving them with additional medical issues such as vision loss, amputation, or neuropathy. Often, it is easier for patients to order food or ask someone to make them something high in calories and sugar.  Some cultures believe feeding someone is a way to show them you love them. Cultural competency in renal patients is important. According to McEwen and Wills (2019), a major concept of Leininger’s Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory is culture care and culture care differences and similarities. As a nurse understands the beliefs of different cultures, it will be easier for her to tailor the education to a specific belief. This causes a greater adherence to illnesses such as renal disease. Although the nursing school has a cultural competency unit, I agree nursing students should be taught cultural competency application with additional training. I also believe seasoned nurses should have in-services to reiterate the importance of different cultures. This will also help with respecting patients, as I think the two fit hand in hand often.  

References

McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2019). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. Overview of selected Middle Range Nursing Theories. Wolters Kluwer. PP 227.