NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation 

Sample Answer for NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation  Included After Question

The Assignment: (2-3 pages not including the title and reference page)

In preparation of filling this role, develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the SDLC stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:

  • Planning and requirements definition
  • Analysis
  • Design of the new system
  • Implementation
  • Post-implementation support
  • Use APA format and include a title page and reference page.
  • Use the Safe Assign Drafts to check your match percentage before submitting your work.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation 

Title: NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation 

Adopting healthcare technology requires the input of all involved stakeholders. Essential members of the team are nurses. Nurses have intimate knowledge of the shortcomings of paper records and numerous time spent on clinical documentation. The providers are involved in patient intake, information management efforts, and understand that well-designed IT systems make workflows efficient (Akhu‐Zaheya et al., 2019). The current organization intends to adopt a new nursing documentation system. To make the system usable and acceptable to nurses, a nurse leader has to be part of the implementation team. The purpose of this paper is to articulate the role of the nurse leader in line with the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) stages.

System Development Life Cycle Stages

The system development life cycle is a model that outlines the various stages followed to bring a project from inception to completion. When adopting a nursing documentation system, it is crucial to follow the stages to optimize its effectiveness. The stages followed are planning and requirement definition, analysis, designing of the new system, implementation, and post-implementation support. The results from each stage guide the implementation of the next stage since requirements are converted into design while the design helps in coming up with the code (Lalband & Kavitha, 2019). The final stage then authenticates the results from the implementation stage. Akhu‐Zaheya et al. (2019) assert that it is essential to involve nurses to produce a clinical documentation system that enhances inter-professional communication, improves clinical outcomes, and supports patient care. The involvement requires a clear definition of nurse roles at each stage of the SDLC.

Planning and Requirement Definition Stage

At the planning and requirement definition stage, the software requirements are established. A stakeholders’ meeting is held to define the software use, end-users, how to use it, as well as input required and output expected. A nurse leader is needed at this juncture to explain and coherently put the nursing documentation requirements. The explanation reduces redundancy (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The nurse also offers essential information that makes the system different and more relevant clinically. The leader also helps in determining the resources, time, costs, benefits, and other items needed to adopt the new documenting system.

Analysis

Once the problems have been identified, the analysis stage sets in. The analysis aids in determining if the requirements can be integrated into the emerging software. A ‘requirement specification’ document is developed to guide the next stage. The nurse leader’s role at this juncture is to analyze the end-user needs to ascertain that the system will meet their expectations (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The leader also defines the system processes and workflow by explaining the components from the previous system that were viable and those that require adjustments or elimination. 

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Design

With the requirement specification document at hand, the cycle moves to the design stage. The design requires the development of the code to translate the requirement specification document into a programming language. The nurse leader is needed at this point to guide on various terminologies used in the nursing documentation system (Akhu‐Zaheya et al., 2019). The leader ensures that a standardized nursing language is used to allow accurate communication of patient care information to nurses and other healthcare providers (Verma & Gupta, 2017).

The nurse works with the IT team to come up with clear language instructions. The nurse informaticist can learn to code and take up the role of a coder. The role can enhance collaboration and ensure effective integration of the documentation system into practice. In addition to coding, the testing of the system takes place at this juncture. Testing influences the acceptability of the system by the users. The nurse leader helps in establishing innovation strategies to make the system successful. He or she becomes the tester to check the credibility of the system. 

NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation 
NURS 6051 The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation 

Implementation

Once the coding and testing are done, the implementation of the system begins. The actual installation of the newly-developed system starts. The step involves moving data and components from the old system to the new system (Lalband & Kavitha, 2019). The nurse at this point helps in the accurate transfer of patient data. The system goes live and it is adopted by many users.  The nurse should train end-users on the new system and set meetings with users to get feedback and establish potential facilitators and barriers (Verma & Gupta, 2017). Additionally, they are supposed to track and monitor compliance with the system and use positive reinforcement to encourage users to adhere to the program requirements.

Post-Implementation Support

After implementation, the last stage is post-implementation support. The stage allows end-users to fine-tune the system to boost performance, meet additional user requirements, or add new capabilities. The role of the nurse informaticist is to ensure that the system output aligns with the identified requirements (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The system should capture and store patient information as planned. The nurse is also expected to suggest practical and clinically relevant alternatives for any end-user issues observed.

Conclusion

Nurses should be incorporated in the adoption of health technology. The incorporation will leverage their skills, esteem, and frontline involvement with patients. As indicated above, when adopting a nursing documentation system, a nurse leader is key. The leader roles in each SDLC stage are well articulated and prove that nurse’s involvement enhances system acceptability and optimization.

References

Akhu‐Zaheya, L., Al‐Maaitah, R., & Bany Hani, S. (2018). Quality of nursing documentation: Paper‐based health records versus electronic‐based health records. Journal of clinical nursing, 27(3-4), e578-e589. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14097

Lalband, N., & Kavitha, D. (2019). Software engineering for smart healthcare applications. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8, 325-331. https://doi.org/ 10.35940/ijitee.F1066.0486S419

Verma, M. P., & Gupta, S. (2017). Software development for nursing: Role of nursing informatics. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research, 5(2), 203-207. https://doi.org/10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00044.8

Making a change can be hard no matter what aspect you look at. When it comes to healthcare things are changing every day. Many new technologies are prevailing and making their way into our everyday lives. However, if you don’t involve the people who are using the new technology in the change how do we really know if it is well worth it? Making sure nurses have a voice on the new day-to-day changes, and within new technologies being developed can extremely intensify how well or not well something works. Your nurses know what needs special attention and what we can focus less on. So instead of making a nurse’s life more difficult, making them a part of the change can offer feasibility and ease of change. 

Within the SDLC model, I think it is highly important that nurses be involved in the analysis and design phases. Anyone can come up with new technology but the nurse can analyze it and see if its use is efficient or if changes need to be made. They can also assist in design. Functionality is important to any nurse, we don’t want to be complicated we want easy to use and safe. Involving nurses with design can help you meet all aspects of a nurse’s desires. I don’t think nurses truly need to be involved in the planning phase, because anyone can have an idea about what could new technology we could implement. If you don’t involve your nursing staff in the analysis and design phases you may end up with a technology that is flawed beyond repair and it never makes it to the implementation side. In the implementation stage, you will always need your nurses. You cannot implement new technology for your nurses without your nurses being the ones to implement it. If you don’t involve your nurses in the implementation phase, of the technology you’re trying to implement, nobody will understand its benefits, and the ones using it won’t know how to implement it safely into a patient’s care. 

I have not been a nurse long enough to see a new change take place. Everything we are using currently we have been using since I began working there. So I have not been involved in any new implementations thus far. 

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2022). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.Chapter 9, “Systems Development Life Cycle: Nursing Informatics and Organizational Decision Making” (pp. 191–204)

Wang, J., Gephart, S. M., Mallow, J., & Bakken, S. (2019). Models of collaboration and dissemination for nursing informatics innovations in the 21st century. Nursing outlook, 67(4), 419–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2019.02.003

Roles of Nurse Informaticists

The incontestable role of nursing informatics is to get advanced information and knowledge on nursing to improve the health of individuals, families, and society. Health care providers conclude possible decisions about the kind of health to be provided through the authority of nursing informatics.  Nursing informatics include healthcare apps, electronic medical records (EMRs) among others. Significantly, the tracking ability of nursing staff, progress and services helps in identifying issues that can be corrected to improve healthcare systems. The role of nurse informaticist is helpful in planning, analysis, designing new systems, implementations, and post-implementation support.

Informaticists contribute to planning nursing sectors by providing advanced nursing practices and non-stop workflows. According to (Serra, et al, 2020), informatics aims to provide patients with the best results and to promote patient care all over. In consequence, workflows, design processes, and new treatment plans and testing are developed. Secondly, informaticists come up with improved clinical strategies, agreements, and procedures among others. For instance, the performance of a nursing organization can be determined by the outcome of patients. According to (Serra, et al, 2020) a good-performing organization should have positive feedback from the patients.

With the data used to know the outcome of the patient, it becomes easy to identify areas that need to be corrected. Additionally, it helps the organization in finding suitable ways for improving the healthcare system. Thirdly, informaticist planning contributes in reduced health error cases. For instance, the patient’s communication and information to the health organization is used by the informaticist to provide recommendations to avoid errors. Fourthly, there is continuity of healthcare due to the availability of many healthcare providers. For instance, communication and interaction between the department, healthcare providers, and patients remain consistent to provide continuity of healthcare.

Nursing informaticist plays a major role in health analysis. For instance, when improving clinical policies, protocols, processes, and procedures, data analysis is taken to measure the performance of the protocol. As a result, these analyses are used to make changes that improve healthcare. Secondly, the analysis assists in establishing options that are patients based when straightening best nursing practices and work continuity. Thirdly, informaticists use analysis to provide training for healthcare providers. For instance, they use data to identify some of the indigenous health issues and seek the best ways of solving them.

Fourth, analysis help in identifying new testing devices. In particular, nursing informaticists are positioned to understand the new Internet of Things (IoT) and give recommendations on its record, use, and accessibility. As a result, healthcare providers are informed on the diagnostics, treatment plans, and patient outcomes from the use of new devices (Booth, et.al 2021). Furthermore, the access to unlimited data gives the informaticists role of data supervision and accuracy in accordance of the organizational support in wide data strategy.

Designing Electro- Phrenic Respiration(EPR) requires the knowledge of informaticists and some technological skills. For instance, informaticists provide efficient information flow in decision-making and specific information on patients. Additionally, nursing informaticists produce reports and prototypes among others to identify factors that can determine occurrences of errors as stated by (Booth, et al, 2021). Informaticists can also supervise the results of the devices to prevent inappropriate results as expected by the organization. Informaticists’ role in implementation involves tracking of health providers’ familiarity and outcome in the system.

Further, the informaticist provides correct information during implementation by checking coding schemes. According to (Booth, et al, 2021), implementation period requires informaticists to organize training sessions with the health providers to achieve positive transitional implementation in the system. Post implementation support mainly involve testing and maintenance. At this stage, an informaticist is required to the health requirement given by the system are correct analysis.  Additionally, informaticist organize training with nurses to familiarize them with the new system. As expected, the informaticist is able to tell the performance of the system into the organization and where changes need to be done.

Conclusion

Nursing informaticists’ main role is to provide or deliver positive health to the patients. Additionally, the information provided by the informaticists is accurate since they involve the use of technology. With the existence of nurse informaticists, health care is efficient and easily accessible. Data management, processing, and organization are practiced to keep electronic health records through the help of nursing informaticists. Finally, nursing informatics contributes to the advanced healthcare system by providing software tools for healthcare providers to use.

References

Booth, R., Strudwick, G., McMurray, J., Chan, R., Cotton, K., & Cooke, S. (2021). The Future of Nursing Informatics in a Digitally-Enabled World. In Introduction to Nursing Informatics (pp. 395-417). Springer, Cham.

da Silva, R., Baptista, A., Serra, R. L., & Magalhães, D. S. (2020). Mobile application for the evaluation and planning of nursing workload in the intensive care unit. International journal of medical informatics, 137, 104120.