NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Sample Answer for NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement Included After Question

The Assignment: (1- to 2-page Global Health Comparison Matrix; 1-page Plan for Social Change)

Part 1: Global Health Comparison Matrix

Focusing on the country you selected and the U.S., complete the Global Health Comparison Matrix. Be sure to address the following:

  • Consider the U.S. national/federal health policies that have been adapted for the global health issue you selected from the WHO global health agenda. Compare these policies to the additional country you selected for study.
  • Explain the strengths and weaknesses of each policy.
  • Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the global health issue you selected. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Using the WHO’s Organization’s global health agenda as well as the results of your own research, analyze how each country’s government addresses cost, quality, and access to the global health issue selected.
  • Explain how the health policy you selected might impact the health of the global population. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Explain how the health policy you selected might impact the role of the nurse in each country.
  • Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. Be specific and provide examples.

Part 2: A Plan for Social Change

Reflect on the global health policy comparison and analysis you conducted in Part 1 of the Assignment and the impact that global health issues may have on the world, the U.S., your community, as well as your practice as a nurse leader.

In a 1-page response, create a plan for social change that incorporates a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.

  • Explain how you would advocate for the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice and role as a nurse leader.
  • Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens might impact your local practice and role as a nurse leader.
  • Explain how the incorporation of a global perspective or lens into your local practice as a nurse leader represents and contributes to social change. Be specific and provide examples

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Title: NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Introduction

The problem of non-communicable diseases across the globe is a challenge that is growing on an annual basis. This issue of non-communicable diseases is a global challenge that WHO tries to prevent. Given the disease cannot be treated such as diabetes and high blood pressure they can be successfully prevented in various communities (World Health Organization (WHO). (n.d.). The issue is a global problem that requires mitigation from different countries which include the US and Canada.

Global Healthcare IssuePrevention of Non-Communicable Diseases
DescriptionThe cost of medication and management of the non-communicable disease is rising. The increased cost of care delivery and the need for nurses is due to non-communicable diseases. The fact that non-communicable disease is rarely cured due to its chronic nature requires lifelong management which is expensive for the patient and the country as well. The covid-19 pandemic has also revealed non-communicable to be a major weakness of human beings since it resulted in many deaths due to underlying conditions. Therefore, a need for prevention is essential.
CountryUnited StatesCanada
Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issueAdopted prevention of non-communicable disease through education, institution, and public-private partnership. The government has a special institution that focuses on each specific issue such as diabetes association, cancer centers, and cardiovascular diseases (Bhattacharya, Juyal, Hossain & Singh, 2020). The government through mass communication emphasizes the issue and provision of information through the center for disease control.The country adopts the policy of research, support, and collaborative initiative for the affected people (Milsom, Smith, Baker & Walls, 2021).
What are the strengths of this policy?  The policy of adopting and focusing on medical research is to bring solutions that will help only solve the problem. The public-private partnership ensures medical equipment and drugs needed are subsidized for patients.In Canada, the education of the public is the primary focus that will help prevent non-communicable diseases. The sharing of ideas and understanding the non-communicable disease by population is the primary focus (Milsom, Smith, Baker & Walls, 2021).
What are the weaknesses of this policy?The major weakness of the dominant policy research is that it is relatively expensive and takes time for medications to be discovered. The subsidies given to specific industries result in complaints from other drug manufacturing firms.Education of masses and the general public take a long period to materialize. This requires the need to have interventions.
Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the specified global health issue. (Be specific and provide examples)The problem of non-communicable disease is mainly attributed to the type of food consumed. The ability to buy and access food is a social determinant that is characterized by a level of education, income, and availability of food. The case of obesity is due to consumption of food that reaches in sugar as compared to a balanced diet.The social determinants in Canada include drug abuse such as smoking and alcohol intake. Also, a high intake of red meat and salt is a major social determinant of health.
How has each country’s government addressed cost, quality, and access to the selected global health issue?The united states have addressed the issue of non-communicable by offering subsidies to insulin, provision of free medical management for non-communicable diseases, and subsiding of cancer treatments. The equality of services has been achieved since the issue is managed by government facilities.The government focuses on the provision of medication equal to all people with standardization of prices and medical costs to all.
How has the identified health policy impacted the health of the global population? (Be specific and provide examples)  The policy of research has resulted in the identification of issues that result in non-communicable diseases. For instance, through research, it has been shown that excess weight gain can result in other comorbidities such as high blood pressure and diabetes. This has been replicated across the world to help promote physical practiceThrough education of the public and having physical exercise the cases of diabetes have been significantly reduced.
Describe the potential impact of the identified health policy on the role of the nurse in each country.The nurses in the US will be able to educate and make a decision based on the research findings. This will help the patient and the rest of the population to reduce the incidences of non-communicable diseases.Through the education of patients, nurses can mitigate this problem effectively.
Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. (Be specific and provide examples)  The policies made in the medical arena in the country should always be in line with the issue of non-communicable diseases. Consequently, a lot of resources are channeled by the government to healthcare as compared to other sectors.  The country focuses more on the problem and hence requires more resources both labor, equipment, and money. The country’s budget within healthcare has been shaped by this issue.
General Notes/CommentsThe policy has resulted in significant management of non-communicable causes.The policy helps reduce new cases and promotes effective management of the existing ones.

Part 2: A Plan for Social Change

Evidence-based practices are the basis of mitigating the problem of non-communicable diseases. The social change needed within the medical community as far as the issue of non-communicable disease is a concern is the use of evidence-based practices. The problem of non-communicable disease is not the same as a vector-borne disease which requires stopping the vector or the agent itself but requires prevention of the onset of the condition (Akseer et al., 2020). This evidence-practice includes having regular physical exercises, reduce intake of alcohol, and cessation of smoking. In the nutritional realm, the need to reduce the high intake of calories is essential as well as embracing a balanced diet. The country should be able to subsidize healthy food such as fruits, vegetables, and approved sources of proteins. World health organization’s guidelines should be promoted and adhered to to ensure good health and safety for all people.

NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement
NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

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Conclusion

Conclusively, the issue of non-communicable disease is a major global problem in the arena of health. The best policies that remain viable are the prevention and management of existing cases. US and Canada are two examples of countries that strive to overcome the problem of non-communicable disease through various policies. This is a long way impact how other countries will mitigate this problem of non-communicable diseases.

References

Akseer, N., Mehta, S., Wigle, J., Chera, R., Brickman, Z. J., Al-Gashm, S., … & Bhutta, Z. A. (2020). Non-communicable diseases among adolescents: current status, determinants, interventions and policies. BMC public health20(1), 1-20. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12889-020-09988-5

Bhattacharya, S., Juyal, R., Hossain, M. M., & Singh, A. (2020). Non-communicable diseases viewed as “collateral damage” of our decisions: Fixing accountabilities and finding sloutions in primary care settings. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care9(5), 2176. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7380828/

Milsom, P., Smith, R., Baker, P., & Walls, H. (2021). Corporate power and the international trade regime preventing progressive policy action on non-communicable diseases: a realist review. Health policy and planning36(4), 493-508. https://academic.oup.com/heapol/article/36/4/493/6024433

World Health Organization (WHO). (n.d.). Global health agenda. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from http://www.who.int/about/vision/global_health_agenda/en/

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement

Title: NURS 6050 Global Healthcare Comparison Matrix and Narrative Statement 

Global Health Comparison

Individuals, health care organizations, and communities apply different strategies to cope with health problems. Formulating health policies is highly effective since many have political and legal support. These policies differ across countries, albeit addressing similar problems. This paper compares policies in the United States and Mexico in addressing childhood obesity.

Global Healthcare IssueChildhood obesity
DescriptionChildhood obesity is a global health concern with profound impacts on children’s health. Childhood obesity is a leading cause of high blood pressure and cholesterol and a huge risk factor for diabetes (Gätjens et al., 2020). It is among the diseases increasing the illness burden at homes, health care organizations, and countries. With lifestyles and nutritional habits changing, a multidimensional approach is needed to reduce childhood obesity.
CountryUnited StatesMexico
Describe the policy in each country related to the identified healthcare issueUnited States applies policies to reduce risk at a very young age. It addresses mothers’ and children’s nutritional concerns through the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). The policy intervention seeks to reduce childhood obesity by providing healthy foods and nutrition education, particularly to low-income families (State of Childhood Obesity, 2020).Mexico applies regulations to address childhood obesity problems. One such policy is the front-of-package labeling system that provides labeling specifications for pre-packaged food and non-alcoholic drink products (UNICEF Mexico, 2020). The policy provides warning labels for consumables with excessive critical nutrients and calories.
What are the strengths of this policy?WIC’s main strengths include addressing the needs of mothers and children simultaneously. It also targets mothers at critical periods- pregnancy, postpartum, and breastfeeding. Besides nutritional provision, WIC also seeks to promote a healthy populace.The policy guides adults when purchasing pre-packaged food and drinks for children.
What are the weaknesses of this policy?The program only supports children up to five years. It concentrates mainly on nutrition, overlooking other aspects like physical activity. It only targets low-income populations, and childhood obesity is widespread even in high-income families.It is primarily educative in approach. In this case, it does not prevent the productive of processed foods and options high in calories.
Explain how the social determinants of health may impact the specified global health issue. (Be specific and provide examples)  Living conditions, socioeconomic status, neighborhoods, and education have a huge impact on childhood obesity. Gätjens et al. (2020) found that children from low-income families are more vulnerable to obesity due to affordability and access to healthy food options problems. A suitable example is the high rate of obesity among African Americans and Hispanics.Employment, education, neighborhoods, and socioeconomic activities determine people’s choices of lifestyles and food. Change in lifestyles and food options are among the leading triggers of childhood obesity. For instance, obesity rates are directly proportional to the consumption of processed foods.
How has each country’ government addressed cost, quality, and access to the selected global health issue?On cost, the US government funds the WIC to reduce costs associated with running the program. It was allocated $5.5 billion for the 2021 activities (Baldari & Aherne, 2020). Such support ensures more mothers and children can get healthy foods and access to health services and nutritional education.The Mexican government heavily fines companies that fail to provide correct labeling of pre-packaged foods. It also advocates for the production of foods low in calories by less taxation, which improves their access. Such interventions are instrumental in reducing childhood obesity.
How has the identified health policy impacted the health of the global population? (Be specific and provide examples)WIC has been instrumental in reducing obesity rates in young children. Through WIC, obesity rates declined from 15.9% in 2010 to 13.9% in 2016 (State of Childhood Obesity, 2020). The decline was significant among minority populations. Reducing obesity improves overall health outcomes.  Front-of-package labeling is a way of helping people to make informed decisions when buying foods and drinks. Accordingly, buyers avoid prepackaged foods with warning labels and go for the healthier options.
Describe the potential impact of the identified health policy on the role of nurse in each country.Nurses should play an educative role to ensure that eligible populations enroll in the WIC program. WIC also reduces the illness burden in communities by reducing obesity rates, implies that it reduces nurses’ workload.  Nurses should inform populations on the importance of labeling and how to identify unhealthy foods. They should also play an active role in influencing policies that require labeling of all foods to guide parents in decision-making.
Explain how global health issues impact local healthcare organizations and policies in both countries. (Be specific and provide examples)Childhood obesity burdens healthcare organizations by increasing the number of people receiving healthcare services. With the rates still high, there is an urgent need for policy frameworks to be expanded to ensure that they are multifaceted. For instance, WIC should be expanded to look into more interventions to address the childhood obesity problem besides healthy food options and nutritional education and referrals.Healthcare organizations respond to populations’ health problems directly. The magnitude of their burdens and responsibilities is directly proportional to the impact and severity of global health issues. It is important to formulate policies such as front-of-package labeling to address childhood obesity. Global health issues necessitate the formulation and progressive update of such policies as their dynamics change over time.
General Notes/CommentsWIC is commendable at all levels. It is among the interventions that address childhood obesity problem through a practical approach. If supplemented by other policy interventions and programs, it will help to reduce childhood obesity to a huge extent.Children need protection from childhood obesity. The front-of package labeling is a practical approach to addressing this problem. The government should continue supporting it and improving its implementation approaches to keep children safe from the risk of obesity.

A Plan for Social Change

The health practice keeps on evolving as illness dynamics change over time. A glance at health care issues shows that they transcend national and international borders and are characterized by disproportionate impacts across populations. The vulnerable and underserved populations remain the most adversely affected. With the healthcare environment highly evolving, healthcare providers should embrace a global perspective which can be achieved by engaging in activities that enable healthcare providers to broaden their view of care and health problems. Such practices involve research, team-based care, and medical missions. As a nurse leader, it is crucial to be in the front line of improving cultural sensitivity and other practices that make the health practice more global in its approach to everyday problems.

Incorporating a global perspective or lens can have huge implications on local practice and my role as a nurse leader. Spaulding (2018) suggested that a global perspective in healthcare requires its providers to be more interconnected. In the local practice, health care providers would be obliged to examine how issues such as diverse cultures and international influences and beliefs affect health and health outcomes. As a nurse leader, my role would broaden since I would be tasked with ensuring that nurses understand the interconnection between health systems and the importance of approaching health care matters with a broadened mindset to achieve the desired outcomes.

Health care providers should be critical thinkers and highly innovative in their approach to care. Embracing a global perspective implies that health care providers are ready to apply comprehensive approaches applicable at a global scale to enhance health outcomes. Such an approach to care is the foundation of social change since social change entails enabling societies to live better lives. It is more about improving productivity, which is achieved by using a global perspective and proven interventions to address health care challenges.

In conclusion, health care problems across the globe vary according to people’s geographical locations, resources, and socioeconomic situations, among other factors. Policy interventions are designed to reduce the illness burden and promote healthy living by reducing vulnerabilities and protecting vulnerable populations, among other objectives. The comparative analysis between the United States and Mexico’s policies illustrates this difference as the countries look forward to ensuring that their people live safely and healthily.

References

Baldari, C., & Aherne, D. (2020, Mar 13). Fact sheet: Impact of the president’s 2021 budget on nutrition. First Focus on Children. https://firstfocus.org/resources/fact-sheet/fact-sheet-impact-of-the-presidents-2021-budget-on-nutrition

Gätjens, I., Hasler, M., Di Giuseppe, R., Bosy-Westphal, A., & Plachta-Danielzik, S. (2020). Family and lifestyle factors mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and fat mass in children and adolescents. Obesity Facts13(6), 596-607. https://doi.org/10.1159/000511927

Spaulding, C. (2018, May 11). Our role in public health: Taking a global perspective.  AAP News & Journals. https://www.aappublications.org/news/2018/05/11/our-role-in-public-health-taking-a-global-perspective-pediatrics-5-11-18

State of Childhood Obesity. (2020). Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program. https://stateofchildhoodobesity.org/policy/wic/

UNICEF Mexico. (2020, Mar 04). What are we waiting for?Child obesity in Mexico presents an urgency that demands immediate change. UNICEF. https://www.unicef.org/stories/what-are-we-waiting-for-obesity-mexico