NUR 703 Week 8 Mini-Grant Project Presentation

Sample Answer for NUR 703 Week 8 Mini-Grant Project Presentation Included After Question

This week you will practice a succinct presentation of your mini-grant proposal to persuade evaluators to support your project. Assume your audience comprises of experts in the field of public health and key stakeholders in the community. Present a compelling presentation that will convince your audience that your project is worth doing and you are capable of carrying it out. I look forward to hearing your elevator pitch!

Introduction

Although there is variation among proposal formats, these are the sections that are commonly found in federal grant applications. Many agencies have specific requirements for length of proposals, either page number or word count limits. For this Mini-Grant Project (Links to an external site.), the page limitations are noted with each section. It is very important for your writing to be clear, succinct, and comprehensive.

Assignment Guidelines

  • Create a professional presentation of your Mini-Grant
    • A PowerPoint slide presentation will be used as visual tool. Follow the list of best practices after the description of the presentation content.
    • Presentation should be no longer than 8-10 minutes with a maximum of 12 slides (excluding title and reference slides)
  • Post your presentation on Bongo by Monday. The link to submit your presentation is located below these instructions.
    • Presentation Content:
      • Title slide
      • Needs Assessment
      • Significant epidemiological facts
      • HP 2030 Goals and Objectives
      • Methodology
      • Evaluation Plan
      • Conclusion
      • Reference list (remember to include citations on your slides where applicable).
    • PowerPoint Best Practice Tips:
      • Font: 32-point headings, 24-point bullets/lines
        • Sans Serif font type (Arial, Calibri, Berlin Sans, Gill Sans, Tahoma) – same throughout
      • Use bullets (not full sentences) that all appear at once
      • 6/6 rule: 6 lines per slide, and 6 words per line
      • Dark background/light text
        • Avoid greens and reds (in case viewers are colorblind)
      • No fancy slide transitions or fly-ins
      • No sound effects (annoying and distracting)
      • Use illustrations sparingly and only if they add to your point

For this assignment, you will be using Bongo to record your video and feel free to comment on your classmates’ videos. Refer to the Bongo section on the Course Essentials page for instructions on submitting this assignment using the Bongo platform.

Submission

Submit your assignment and review full grading criteria on the Assignment 8.1: Mini-Grant Project Presentation page.

Assignment Guidelines

Return to Assignment 8.1: Mini-Grant Project Presentation in Bongo to review and critique your peers’ Mini-Grant Proposal presentations. Provide feedback to three peers’ proposals, one in each category: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary. Your feedback should include at least two strengths and two areas of opportunity related to their proposal presentation and a final recommendation for approval of grant funding.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 703 Week 8 Mini-Grant Project Presentation

Title: NUR 703 Week 8 Mini-Grant Project Presentation 

Introduction

Diabetes is one of the non-communicable diseases with high burden in the USA. Diabetes is ranked among the leading causes of chronic and acute health problems in the US such as renal disease, retinopathy, and amputations due to diabetic foot. Diabetes is also associated with the cost burden to the patients. The cost burden arises from the increased need for frequent hospital visits and hospitalizations. Patients also lose their productivity due to frequent absenteeism due to hospitalizations. The prevalence and incidence of diabetes has been rising over the years. As a result, it has made it one of the leading causes of morbidities and mortalities in not only the US but also other global states too. Consequently, primary interventions that focus on disease prevention, early diagnosis and treatment should be embraced in the US (CDC, 2017).

Needs Assessment

Epidemiology evidence shows that diabetes is connected with lifestyle. The lifestyle risk factors associated with diabetes include physical inactivity, overweight and obesity, high intake of processed sugars, a high intake of total fat, low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, high alcohol intake, and smoking (Bellou et al., 2018). Obesity is the primary risk factor for diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight through regular physical activity and refraining from energy overconsumption is the key to the prevention of diabetes. However, it is crucial that the affected populations and those at risk be educated on the disease. Health education about diabetes increases their level of knowledge and skills about the causes, risk factors and prevention of diabetes. It also strengthens the adoption of lifestyle and behavioral interventions that can be used minimize the effects of diabetes. The educational intervention should also seek to address the actual and potential needs of the patients. By addressing the needs, patients will report sustained improvement in the health outcomes and use of the project interventions for preventing and effective management of diabetes.

The first step in implementing the project will be to conduct a community needs assessment to establish the community‘s capacity, available resources, priorities, and needs. The second step will be to plan learning activities that will increase the target audience’s knowledge and skills on the prevention and management of diabetes. The health education program will be implemented using an integrated and well-planned curriculum and education materials. The program will be implemented in a venue convenient for the audience. The health education information will be presented with computer-based and audiovisual supports, including projectors and slides, videos, pictures, and posters. Participants will also be provided with pamphlets that they can use to reference what was taught in the program. Besides, they will be provided with websites to learn more about the prevention and self-management of diabetes.

Epidemiology

The epidemiological data shows that diabetes has severe outcomes to the population, communities and states as a whole. According to the CDC, diabetes leads as the cause of chronic conditions including renal failure, eye problems, and diabetic foot.  Diabetes also acts as a the leading cause of economic burden among the affected patients and their significant others. The burden is attributed to the increased costs of seeking the needed medical care and purchase of medications. Diabetic patients are also highly likely to be admitted at hospitals for further management (Arredondo et al., 2018). The statistics released by the CDC shows that 34.2 million people were affected by diabetes in 2018.

The statistics also reveal worrying fact that up to 7.3 million adults were not aware that they had diabetes in the same year. The adjusted prevalence of diabetes among the adults in 2018 also revealed worrying trends. Accordingly, the CDC reports that the adjusted prevalence has been rising in adult population between 1999 and 2016. The implication of the rise is that the burden of the disease has been worsening over time. Besides adults, children also suffer from the effects of diabetes. For example, 210000 children and adolescents were affected by the disease in 2018 (CDC, 2020; CDC, 2020a).

The prevalence of diabetes varies significantly across ethnicities. Accordingly, the statistics shows that the prevalence rate of diabetes is higher in ethnic minorities when compared to ethnic majority groups in the US. For example, the rate of diabetes among African American populations has been reported to be higher than that reported in Native Americans. The increasing prevalence of diabetes in all the populations in the US has made it have a county prevalence that ranges between 1.5% and 33.0%. The leading factors that are attributed to diabetes in America include smoking, overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity. Similarly, the leading preventive interventions utilized in the US includes physical activity, statin medications, and weight management. In 2018, diabetes contributed to 7.8 million hospitalizations in America. The hospitalizations were largely for hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and amputation of lower limbs. In 2017, diabetes was ranked as the seventh leading cause of deaths in America (CDC, 2020).

HP 2030 Goals

One of the goals of Healthy People 2030 is: “To decrease the burden of diabetes and improve quality of life for individuals diagnosed with diabetes or at risk of the disease.” As a result, the goal of the project will be to reduce the burden of diabetes among the affected populations. The other goal will be to improve the quality of life for the diabetic patients. The improvement in the quality of life will be seen in areas such as the ability of the patients to remain socially productive as well as in their occupational roles. Diabetes increases the risk of mortality among patients (Fogelholm et al., 2017). The risk for mortality increases due to complications such as diabetic foot and kidney failure. The project therefore seeks to reduce the mortality rate among the diabetic patients. Health education and awareness are important to reduce the burden of diabetes. The aim of the project therefore is to increase the percentage of the adults that access formal education on diabetes self-management. As a result, the project seeks to increase the adult population who are on the daily monitoring of glucose for symptom management (ODPHP, 2020).

HP 2030 Objectives

Objectives under the above goal include decreasing the number of diabetes cases diagnosed annually (ODPHP, 2020). There were 6.5 new diabetic cases per 1,000 adults 18 to 84 years in the past 12 months based on the 2016-2018 report. The target is to reduce the number of new cases to 5.6 per 1000adult annually. The second objective is to increase the percentage of diabetic adults who undergo an annual eye exam.  Statistics show that 62.3% of diabetic adults aged 18 years and older got an eye exam in the past 12 months in 2017 (ODPHP, 2020). The target is to increase this to 67.7%. The third objective is to decrease the mortality rate from any cause in diabetic adults.  There were 15.2 mortalities per 1,000 persons among diabetic adults above 18 years in 2010-2015 (ODPHP, 2020). The goal is to decrease the diabetes mortality rate to 13.7 per 1000.  The fourth objective is to increase the percentage of diabetic persons who receive formal health education on diabetes. In 2017, 51.7% of diabetic adults 18 years and older had obtained formal education and support on diabetes self-management (ODPHP, 2020). The target is to increase this population to55.2%. The last objective is to increase the percentage of diabetic adults on insulin who have daily blood sugar monitoring.

Methodology

Primary prevention will be used to achieve the Healthy People 2030 goal of decreasing the burden of diabetes and improving the quality of life for individuals diagnosed with diabetes or at risk. Primary prevention entails attempts to eliminate the possibility of contracting or developing a disease. It mainly focuses on health education, which is directed to healthy people to prevent diseases from occurring.  Health education refers to the process of providing information, advice and facilitating the development of knowledge and skills to change behavior. By changing individuals’ health behaviors, their likelihood of developing diseases is significantly reduced. Primary prevention has a clear promoting role, while secondary and tertiary levels are mechanically driven (Martins et al., 2018). Primary prevention will create awareness among the populations affected by diabetes and those at risk. The creation of awareness will stimulate positive change in behaviors among them. As a result, there will be a reduction in new cases of diabetes and progression among the patients diagnosed with diabetes.

Health education will focus on physical activity, which reduces the risk of diabetes by promoting weight loss and enhancing insulin sensitivity (Bhattacharya & Roy, 2017). Individuals will be encouraged to engage in moderate physical activities, such as regular brisk walking, jogging, and swimming for at least 30 minutes five days a week Individuals will be educated on the effects of smoking and how it inhibits blood circulation resulting in foot amputations. They will also be advised on taking moderate amounts of alcohol for risk reduction (Forouhi et al., 2018). Health education will focus on the intake of a healthy diet for non-diabetics, diabetics, and those at risk of diabetes. Individuals will be educated on low-carbohydrate, high-fat/protein diets, which promote weight loss (Forouhi et al., 2018). Diabetic persons will be educated on the benefits of having an ophthalmic exam to increase the number of diabetic adults who have an annual eye exam.  Diabetics will also be educated on diabetes self-management, including monitoring blood sugar, complying with prescribed medications, performing self-foot checks, and taking balanced meals and correct portion sizes (Bhattacharya & Roy, 2017). The first step in implementing the project will be to conduct a community needs assessment to establish the community‘s capacity, available resources, priorities, and needs. 

Evaluation Plan: Outcome Measures 

Outcome measures will be used in the evaluation of the project. Outcome measures will determined the effectiveness of the adopted strategies in achieving its outcomes. One of the outcome measures will be the perceived burden of diabetes among the patients. Patients will be administered with surveys and questionnaires to obtain their perceived experiences with the project and its effectiveness in reducing the burden of the disease. The other outcome measure is the perceived improvement in the quality of lives. An improvement in the quality of lives will translate into the effectiveness of the project. The other outcome measure will be the rates of mortality among diabetic patients. A decline in the mortality rate will imply the effectiveness of the project. In addition, an increase in the number of adult patients receiving formal education on diabetes and self-management through glucose monitoring will be taken to imply the effectiveness of the project.

Evaluation: Process Measures 

The other approach to evaluation will be focusing on process measures. Process measures will assess the effectiveness of the interventions utilized in the project. One of the process measures that would be assessed would be the level of patient and provider involvement in the project. Optimum level of engagement is needed to ensure the patients have adequate knowledge and skills related to the prevention and effective management of diabetes. It is also important for healthcare providers to ensure they have the required competencies in project implementation. The other process measure that would be used in the project is resource utilization in the project. Efficient resource utilization will translate into its effectiveness in delivering optimum outcomes. The other process measure of evaluation will entail the assessment of effectiveness of training or educational methods used in the project. Effective training or education of the key stakeholders will enhance its outcomes. The other measure will be the adequacy of institutional support for the project. The adequacy will be measured in terms of finances, human resources, and materials for its implementation. Similarly, effectiveness of community resource mobilization and utilization for the realization of the desired project outcomes.

References

Arredondo, A., Azar, A., & Recamán, A. L. (2018). Diabetes, a global public health challenge with a high epidemiological and economic burden on health systems in Latin America. Global Public Health, 13(7), 780–787. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2017.1316414

Bhattacharya, P. K., & Roy, A. (2017). Primary prevention of diabetes mellitus: current strategies and future trends. Italian Journal of Medicine11(1), 15-22. DOI: 10.4081/itjm.2016.634

Bellou, V., Belbasis, L., Tzoulaki, I., & Evangelou, E. (2018). Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus: an exposure-wide umbrella review of meta-analyses. PloS one13(3), e0194127. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194127

CDC. (2020). National Diabetes Statistics Report 2020. Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf

CDC. (2017). National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017 Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States Background. Atlanta, GA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services.