NUR 700 Discussion 2.1: Integrative and Transformative Theories in Practice

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 700 Discussion 2.1: Integrative and Transformative Theories in Practice

Title: NUR 700 Discussion 2.1: Integrative and Transformative Theories in Practice 

Integrative and transformative theories offer a foundation to describe, explain and predict the process of care to patients. The two also form the basis for categorization of nursing theories to guide healthcare practices. Integrative nursing is a relationship-based and person-centered approach in care to patients (Frisch & Rabinowitsch, 2019). Parse’s theory is integrative as it takes into consideration the body, mind, and spirit of patients during care. Neuman’s system model on the other hand addresses the transformative theory by placing nurses at the center in alleviating burdens of illnesses to patients.

Even though both the theories lay a framework for holistic care, Newman’s perspective tends to be fundamental in preventive care as it is based on an understanding that manifestation of a disease is a factor of the environment in which a person lives (Endo, 2017). Integrative theory on the other hand as given by Parse’s hypothesis is based on the premise that quality of life depends on a personal perspective of individual behavior. I will therefore give more emphasis on integrative theory as opposed to transformative theory as it allows one to guide patients on how to actively take care of their own life as ways to improve health. Besides, the theory is based on aspects of self-care among patients to support healthy living.

Parse’s theory on integrative healthcare is the basis for providing individualized care to patients diagnosed with chronic diseases such as diabetes, kidney disorders, and heart conditions. In a study by Carpenter, DiChiacchio, and Barker (2019), Parses integrative model was used to formulate intervention strategies for self-management of type 2 diabetes. The theory also enabled care providers to motivate patients to adhere to self-care practices aimed at managing type 2 diabetes (Mikhael et al., 2020). Besides, it guided nurses to apply a caring approach and develop teaching modalities suitable to patients based on the severity of their diabetic conditions.


Carpenter, R., DiChiacchio, T., & Barker, K. (2019). Interventions for self-management of type 2 diabetes: An integrative review. International journal of nursing sciences6(1), 70-91.

Endo, E. (2017). Margaret Newman’s theory of health as expanding consciousness and a nursing intervention from a unitary perspective. Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing4(1), 50. doi: 10.4103/2347-5625.199076

Frisch, N. C., & Rabinowitsch, D. (2019). What’s in a definition? Holistic nursing, integrative health care, and integrative nursing: report of an integrated literature review. Journal of Holistic Nursing37(3), 260-272.

Mikhael, E. M., Hassali, M. A., & Hussain, S. A. (2020). Effectiveness of diabetes self-management educational programs for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in middle east countries: A systematic review. Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy13, 117. doi: 10.2147/DMSO.S232958