NUR 641 Topic 7 DQ 1

Sample Answer for NUR 641 Topic 7 DQ 1 Included After Question

Description:

Choose a medical condition from the neurological, musculoskeletal, or integumentary system and explain the pathophysiology changes that may occur. What patient education would need to be included related to this disorder? Choose a medical condition different from that of your fellow students.

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A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 641 Topic 7 DQ 1

Title: NUR 641 Topic 7 DQ 1

Multiple sclerosis is a common neurodegenerative disease that affects the central nervous system. The disorder is characterized by sudden onset of focal sensory disturbances, limb weaknesses, unilateral painless damage of the vision and the unsteadiness of gait (Dendrou, Fugger, & Friese, 2015). The exact etiology of the condition is unknown; though, genetic and environmental factors could be involved. The condition is auto-immune in nature and is mediated by the auto-reactive lymphocytes that cross the blood-brain barrier and gets into the central nervous system. The infiltration of the lymphocytes in the central nervous system results into the demyelination, axonal loss, and the gliotic scarring (Dendrou, Fugger & Friese, 2015).

Multiple sclerosis involves a combination of pathological outcomes including demyelination, axonal loss, inflammation, and axonal injury. The main areas affected include the brain and the spinal cord. Demyelination of the axons results in reduced oligodendrocytes and astrocyte proliferation which eventually causes gliosis (Whalen, 2014). Further, multiple sclerosis is dominated by the diffuse white and gray matter atrophy characterized by low-grade inflammations.

Effective management and response to the treatment require proper adherence to its medications. Therefore, patient education will focus on proper adherence and the importance of taking medications as per the prescriptions. Furthermore, the condition may be associated with stigma. Thus, patients must be provided with enough social and moral support. Also, patients ought to be educated on the importance of living positive and avoiding life stresses which could worsen the state of the condition. Lastly, proper nutritional intake is essential for proper healing. The patient should take a balanced nutritional intake on a daily basis to facilitate positive body’s response to the medication. For example, vitamin D has been proved to promote beneficial therapeutic effects on the patient (Huang, Chen, & Zhang, 2017).

References

Dendrou, C. A., Fugger, L., & Friese, M. A. (2015). Immunopathology of multiple sclerosis. Nature Reviews Immunology15(9), 545.

Huang, W. J., Chen, W. W., & Zhang, X. (2017). Multiple sclerosis: pathology, diagnosis and treatments. Experimental and therapeutic medicine13(6), 3163-3166.

Whalen, K. (2014). Lippincott’s illustrated reviews: Pharmacology (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkens. ISBN-13: 9781451191776