NUR 635 Benchmark – Approved Drug by the FDA
The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics relationship in absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion to determine how they will react in a human body.
During drug development, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) are two key properties used to understand how medications behave in the body and how the body reacts to medications. Use the following objectives to write a 1,000-to-1,250-word paper to help you better understand the PK/PD relationship using the parameters of Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion:
- Absorption: Compare and contrast the absorption drugs given via the intravascular and extravascular routes. Be sure to include the following that influence drug absorption: local versus systemic effect, dosage form and drug solubility, and bioavailibility as part of your response.
- Distribution: Briefly explain the process of drug distribution as it occurs throughout the body. Be sure to include the following factors that influence volume of distribution: lipophilicity, molecular weight, ionized state, and protein binding as part of your response.
- Metabolism: Briefly explain the process of drug metabolism as it occurs for intravascular and extravascular routes of administration. Be sure to include the following that influence drug metabolism: primary site of metabolism, oral versus intravenous drug metabolism, prodrug versus non-prodrug metabolism, and phase I and phase II reactions as part of your response.
- Excretion: Briefly explain the process of drug excretion as it occurs to remove the drug from the body. Be sure to include the following factors that influence drug excretion: route of excretion (e.g. kidney, liver, gut, lungs, and skin), zero versus first order PK, half-life, and steady state as part of your response.
You are required to cite 5-10 sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the past 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing Core Competencies for Professional Nursing Education
This assignment aligns to AACN Core Competencies 1.3
This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:
6.3: Assess the pharmacodynamics and the pharmacokinetic impact of pharmacologic therapies in the treatment of diseases and altered states.