NUR-590 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Evaluation Plan
NUR-590 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Evaluation Plan
The implementation of hand hygiene protocols and measures to reduce and prevent the occurrence of hospital acquired infections (HAIs) among healthcare workers (HCWs) in pediatric care setting is focused on enhancing patient safety, quality care, and better outcomes. The evaluation of its implementation is essential to ascertaining if the evidence-based practice project proposal will attain its expected goals and outcomes (Albarqouni et al., 2018). The purpose of this evaluation is to discuss the expected outcome of the EBP project proposal, review data collection tools related to the selected research design and select a suitable statistical test and methods to apply to data collection and measuring of the outcomes and their assessment based on selected tool.
Expected Outcomes for the EBP Project Proposal
The implementation of this EBP project is focused on enhancing outcomes that will guarantee patient safety, quality care and better interventions by healthcare workers to reduce and prevent the occurrence of hospital acquired infections among the pediatric patients. The expected outcomes for the project include knowledge dissemination to healthcare workers in the selected settings to reduce HAIs, enhancement of patient safety protocols and development of organizational frameworks and policies to incorporate hand hygiene measures and protocols for healthcare workers. The EBP project proposal is expected to reduce the rate or prevalence of hospital acquired infections and expand the adoption of hand hygiene measures that include handwashing with soap and water alongside hand sanitizers or alcohol-based hand rubs in the care targeted care facilities.
Data Collection Tools Based on Selected Research Design
The proposed EBP project will employ a qualitative research design. The approach is used to understand thoughts, concepts and experiences of research subjects in connection to the proposed project and its significance to the target population. Qualitative research design employs different data collection tools that include focus groups, interviews, observations and review of literature (Hunter, 2017). The qualitative approach will ensure that the research incorporates opinions from healthcare workers on the need to improve hand hygiene measures to prevent and reduce the prevalence of hospital acquired infections (HAIs).
Data collection is an essential step in evidence-based practice project proposal as it allows researchers to document findings based on opinions, views and observations of the target population and research participants. A selected data collection tool should be effective for the research design based on its validity, reliability and applicability.
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In this case, the selected research data collection tool for the EBP project is institutional interviews where the participants will fill questionnaires detailing their experiences and thoughts on the topic. These include their views and opinions on hand hygiene measures to enhance quality and safe care in pediatric settings by healthcare workers (Kampstra et al., 2018). Interviews are an essential tool for collection of qualitative data because of their flexibility, validity and reliability. Data collected through interviews capture the original sentiments, opinions, and views of healthcare workers in pediatric settings. Interviews enhance confidentiality, accuracy and precision of the information as it comes from the participants who experience the various situations and apply different interventions in care delivery.
Statistical Test for the EBP Project Proposal
Statistical tests provide a framework for making effective decisions about a particular study sample. Statistical tests mainly evaluate the hypothesis concerning the significance of an observed sample. The tests also evaluate the interactions between predictor variables and outcome variables and estimate the differences between two or more groups (Rebekah & Ravindran, 2018). The proposed EBP project will use a parametric test called regression.
Regression tests have stringent requirements and make robust inferences based on collected data. Regression test will be used to show the cause-and-effect approach to the phenomenon under review. The EBP project will use a qualitative research design with interview being the main data collection tool. Therefore, the interviews will offer views on the outcomes of handwashing protocols for healthcare workers that include the use of hand sanitizers besides soap and water. The tool is best suited for the project since it offers information on the cause and effect approach to the project. For instance, the use of hand sanitizer among HCWs to reduce HAIs is essential in deterring the transmission of infections to pediatric patients.
Methods of Data Collection Tool, Measurement and Evaluation of Outcomes
The main method to the data collection tool will be use of persona interviews where the researcher will conduct interviews before, during and after the implementation of the interventions among the target population or participants (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). The interviews will be based on questionnaire given to the participants to fill concerning the need to reduce and prevent hospital acquired infections among pediatric patients.
The outcome measurement and evaluation will be based on the collected data by analyzing the responses and feedback from the sampled population. For instance, the project will use satisfaction surveys to evaluate the effectiveness of measures deployed to reduce the prevalence of HAIs. Positive outcome measures will include a reduction in the number of reported HAIs among the inpatient pediatric patients, enhanced hand hygiene measures and development of protocols to be followed to attain the required standard practices.
Strategies if Outcomes Are Positive or Expected Results
The conclusion that nothing new occurred does not add to the current knowledge and only affirms the current status quo. Imperatively, if the outcomes fail to provide the expected or positive results, it is imperative to analyze what led to the failure (Rebekah & Ravindran, 2018). If it is about the approach used or methodological aspects, it is fundamental to begin again using different approaches. However, if the methodology is effective, it would be important to review the entire process and ensure that the EBP project gives positive outcomes.
Sustainability of the EBP Project
The project team must have plans to maintain, extend, review or discontinue the proposed solution after the overall implementation. In this case, the plans to maintain the project include incorporating the recommended practice standards as part of the organization’s culture (Schirm et al., 2018). The second aspect is to extend the best practices in all units within the facility by dissemination of the acquired knowledge and skills among the healthcare workers. The third aspect is to continually review and revise components of the project to align with the organization’s goals, best practices and quality improvement initiatives and policies.
Evaluating the implementation of EBP project proposal is fundamental to ascertaining the overall outcomes and effectiveness of the initiatives. Evaluation helps to review the expected outcomes and their attainment, review different components of the program to make align them with research goals and ensure that research design and data collection tools aid the project’s implementation. In this case, the EBP project will be evaluated and sustained using the approach highlighted by the paper.
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