NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

Sample Answer for NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison Included After Question

Assessment Description

The purpose of this assignment is to conduct a comparison on diferent research designs to better understand
their designs and application. Understanding the diferent types of research design is important so that nurses
can efectively apply evidence-based research into practice to address issues and ofer better patient care.
You will utilize your approved nursing practice problem to complete the evidence-based practice project
proposal assignments for this course and NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a
fnal written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.

Review feedback from your instructor on your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identifcation of
Nursing Practice Problem,” submitted in Topic 1. If your original proposed nursing problem was outside the
scope of nursing practice or not conducive to an evidence-based practice project proposal, work with your
instructor to identify a new topic prior to beginning this assignment. If your proposed topic requires revision,
complete this prior to beginning this assignment.

Conduct a literature search on your approved nursing practice problem. Find two translational research
articles, one quantitative article, and one qualitative article. Using the “Translational Research Graphic
Organizer,” present your proposed topic and, in the tables provided, compare one translational study to the
quantitative study, and one translational study to the qualitative study.
Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of
the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison
NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

You are required to cite four peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published
within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and
documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the
APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar
with the expectations for successful completion.
You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

Title: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

Nursing Practice Problem:

The proposed nursing practice problem is the lack of proper nursing education on Covid-19 vaccination. This nursing practice issue is selected because several studies reported that many people showed hesitancy to go for Covid-19 vaccines due to a lack of proper education on the essence of the vaccines in addressing the pandemic

Comparison 1: Translational Research vs. Qualitative Research

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CriteriaPeer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link: Berry, S. D., Goldfeld, K. S., McConeghy, K., Gifford, D., Davidson, H. E., Han, L., … & Mor, V. (2022). Evaluating the findings of the IMPACT-C randomized clinical trial to improve COVID-19 vaccine coverage in skilled nursing facilities. JAMA Internal Medicine182(3), 324-331. Doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.8067 Translational Research Type: T4Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link: Lockyer, B., Islam, S., Rahman, A., Dickerson, J., Pickett, K., Sheldon, T., … & Bradford Institute for Health Research Covid‐19 Scientific Advisory Group. (2021). Understanding COVID‐19 misinformation and vaccine hesitancy in context: Findings from a qualitative study involving citizens in Bradford, UK. Health Expectations24(4), 1158-1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13240 Traditional Qualitative Research Type: Phenomenological study typeObservations (Similarities/Differences)
MethodologyThis was a randomized controlled trial where a total of 7496 residents and 17963 staff of skilled nursing facilities were recruited. The intervention used was a multi-component approach with education regarding vaccination as the pillar.This was a qualitative study conducted in the UK, where a total of 20 participants were involved. The study used in-depth phone interviews to interview individuals from different ethnic groups. A reflective thematic analysis was then conducted.While the translational research used a randomized controlled trial and education at the center multi-component approach, qualitative research used in-depth interviews.
GoalsThe main goal of this study was to find out if a multi-component vaccine education and campaign would increase COVID-19 vaccination rates among residents and staff in skilled nursing facilities.                                   The main goal of this study was to understand people’s COVID-19 beliefs, attitudes, and their interaction with information and misinformation during the COVID 19Both research studies focused on issues surrounding vaccine uptake.
Data CollectionData were mainly collected or obtained from the resident’s electronic medical record using the PointClick Care platform. Such data included vaccination status, minimum data set assessments, codes from the status or admission updates, and census data.The data was collected through in-depth phone interviews and transcripts obtained from the recorded interviews.While the translational research used electronic medical records as the major strategy for data collection, the qualitative research used in-depth phone interviews.

Comparison 2: Translational Research vs. Quantitative Research

            CriteriaPeer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link: Zolotarova, T., Dussault, C., Park, H., Varsaneux, O., Basta, N. E., Watson, L., … & Kronfli, N. (2023). Education increases COVID-19 vaccine uptake among people in Canadian federal prisons in a prospective randomized controlled trial: The EDUCATE study. Vaccine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.01.040 Translational Research Type: T4Peer-Reviewed Traditional Article and Permalink/Working Link: Li, P. C., Theis, S. R., Kelly, D., Ocampo, T., Berglund, A., Morgan, D., … & Burtson, K. (2022). Impact of an education intervention on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in a military base population. Military Medicine187(Special Issue_13), e1516-e1522. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usab363 Traditional Quantitative Research Type: Correlational research typeObservations (Similarities/Differences)
MethodologyThis was a randomized controlled trial where patients who were unwilling to be vaccinated were randomized into two groups; an intervention group that received education and a control group.This was a correlational study where a curriculum for vaccine hesitancy consisting of a PowerPoint presentation and a question-and-answer session was conducted. The educational content involved the effects of COVID-19, information on the vaccines, and common concerns or myths surrounding vaccines.The translational research used an EDUCATE program as the major intervention, while the quantitative research used a PowerPoint presentation to deliver an educational program to the participants.
GoalsThe purpose of this research was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine.The major goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of educational programs on the hesitancy of taking the COVID-19 vaccine and reduce the rates of vaccine hesitancy.Both research studies focused on determining the impact of educational intervention on COVID-19 uptake and vaccine hesitancy.
Data CollectionThe data for this research was achieved by two self-administered paper questionnaires. Data were mainly collected through a post-seminar questionnaire using SurveyMonkey. The questionnaire items were age, occupation, concerns before the seminar (and if they had been addressed), post-seminar opinion of the vaccine, the plan regarding COVID-19 vaccination, degree of trust in health care professionals, helpfulness of the seminar, and whether or not they would recommend the vaccine to others.Both research studies used questionnaires to collect data, even though the questionnaires were formatted differently.

References

Berry, S. D., Goldfeld, K. S., McConeghy, K., Gifford, D., Davidson, H. E., Han, L., … & Mor, V. (2022). Evaluating the findings of the IMPACT-C randomized clinical trial to improve COVID-19 vaccine coverage in skilled nursing facilities. JAMA Internal Medicine182(3), 324-331. Doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.8067

Lockyer, B., Islam, S., Rahman, A., Dickerson, J., Pickett, K., Sheldon, T., … & Bradford Institute for Health Research Covid‐19 Scientific Advisory Group. (2021). Understanding COVID‐19 misinformation and vaccine hesitancy in context: Findings from a qualitative study involving citizens in Bradford, UK. Health Expectations24(4), 1158-1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13240

Li, P. C., Theis, S. R., Kelly, D., Ocampo, T., Berglund, A., Morgan, D., … & Burtson, K. (2022). Impact of an education intervention on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in a military base population. Military Medicine187(Special Issue_13), e1516-e1522. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usab363

Zolotarova, T., Dussault, C., Park, H., Varsaneux, O., Basta, N. E., Watson, L., … & Kronfli, N. (2023). Education increases COVID-19 vaccine uptake among people in Canadian federal prisons in a prospective randomized controlled trial: The EDUCATE study. Vaccine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.01.040

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

Title: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Research Design Comparison

Individuals and communities require optimal health to optimize their productivity and well-being. As care providers, change agents, and evidence-based practice (EBP) implementers, nursing professionals play a valuable role in addressing nursing practice problems. The interventions they propose are guided by translational research, which moves basic science discoveries into clinical practice (Molloy & Bearer, 2021). The purpose of this graphic organizer is to compare qualitative and quantitative translational research on a nursing practice problem.

Nursing Practice Problem:

Practice problems in nursing adversely affect the work environment, increase healthcare costs, and hamper nurses’ productivity, among other effects. The high prevalence of type 2 diabetes among older adults is a significant nursing practice problem due to its regrettable impacts, such as increased patient visits, high healthcare costs, and the high risk for cardiovascular disease (Cigolle et al., 2022; Evans et al., 2022). If not effectively controlled, the increased patient visits could threaten nurses’ health and well-being due to a high workload. According to Kirwan et al. (2021), type 2 diabetes inhibits functional performance and independence among older adults. Therefore, interventions tailored to improve functional capacity and independence and other positive outcomes are crucial for improved health and reduced clinical visits.

Qualitative Article

CriteriaPeer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link Che, S., Meng, M., Jiang, Y., Ye, X., & Xie, C. (2022). Perceptions of exercise and exercise instruction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and sarcopenia: a qualitative study. BMC Geriatrics22(1), 892. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03519-0
Methodology  The researchers conducted a qualitative study using a descriptive phenomenological approach. In phenomenological studies, researchers seek to understand an issue from the participants’ lived experiences (Alhazmi & Kaufmann, 2022). In a similar design, Che et al. (2022) conducted a series of personal semi-structured interviews among the participants to get an in-depth description of the phenomena related to how patients with type 2 diabetes and sarcopenia perceived physical exercises.
Goals  Physical exercises are valuable in helping older adults with type 2 diabetes increase muscle mass and strength. Therefore, the study explored how patients with type 2 diabetes and sarcopenia perceived exercise and exercise instruction from their perspective. Understanding their perceptions would help healthcare providers to understand benefits, tailor physical exercises according to patient needs, and address barriers to participation in such exercises.
Data Collection  Che et al. (2022) invited patients to participate in the interviews, each lasting approximately 15-35 minutes. The patients were adequately informed about the purpose, format, time to be taken, and other essentials to ensure informed consent. Data collection and analysis occurred simultaneously via an interview guide focusing on four main aspects. The first aspect was knowledge, attitudes, and everyday practices regarding exercise. Questions in this area explored the connection between physical exercises and improving blood glucose and how patients perceived and engaged in them. The second area was attitudes toward exercises, where patients answered whether they believed and accepted that exercises help treat diabetes mellitus. The third area was on practices of exercises to evaluate the type of exercises patients engage in. The second aspect was motivations, and the third aspect was barriers to exercise. The fourth aspect was attitudes toward exercise instruction.

Quantitative Article

CriteriaPeer-Reviewed Translational Article and Permalink/Working Link Kirwan, M., Chiu, C. L., Hay, M., & Laing, T. (2021). Community-Based Exercise and Lifestyle Program Improves Health Outcomes in Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(11), 6147. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116147
Methodology  Kirwan et al. (2021) conducted a pre-post evaluation study that compared the outcomes of a program at baseline and at eight weeks after completion. The program (Beat It) was designed to improve critical health aspects among older adults with type 2 diabetes, particularly anthropometric and physical fitness outcomes. Broadly, Beat It included twice-weekly supervised group exercises and an education program. The exercise program included aerobic, resistance, flexibility, and balance training. A total of 588 individuals participated.
Goals  Translational research is usually goal-driven to produce results that benefit populations and patients. In this study, researchers evaluated the efficacy of Beat It, which was largely a community-based exercise and lifestyle intervention. The results of the research would inform researchers and healthcare providers about the value of physical exercises in improving health outcomes among patients with type 2 diabetes. Such knowledge would be the foundation of health promotion in healthcare organizations and communities.
Data Collection  Researchers collected multiple data sets to evaluate the effectiveness of the Beat It program. The first component was sociodemographic variables, such as age, gender, and residence. Height and weight were also measured to calculate body mass index (BMI) and compare values before and after the study. The values were used to categorize participants as healthy, obese, or overweight. Other data were the waist circumference. Researchers also used arm curls and medicine ball throw tests to assess participants’ strength, flexibility, and aerobic capacity.

Conclusion

Translational research on type 2 diabetes prevention and management is extensive and applies different approaches. As revealed in the graphic organizer, researchers have explored the effectiveness of physical exercises on health outcomes such as functional capacity and independence among older adults with type 2 diabetes. Moving such scientific discoveries to clinical practice can help nursing professionals improve health outcomes among patients by implementing physical exercise programs tailored according to patient needs. Doing so could reduce clinical visits related to type 2 diabetes, improve care quality, and contribute immensely to the safety and health of the work environment.

References

Alhazmi, A. A., & Kaufmann, A. (2022). Phenomenological qualitative methods applied to the analysis of cross-cultural experience in novel educational social contexts. Frontiers in Psychology13, 1495. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.785134

Che, S., Meng, M., Jiang, Y., Ye, X., & Xie, C. (2022). Perceptions of exercise and exercise instruction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and sarcopenia: a qualitative study. BMC Geriatrics22(1), 892. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03519-0

Cigolle, C. T., Blaum, C. S., Lyu, C., Ha, J., Kabeto, M., & Zhong, J. (2022). Associations of age at diagnosis and duration of diabetes with morbidity and mortality among older adults. JAMA Network Open5(9), e2232766-e2232766. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.32766

Evans, M., Chandramouli, A. S., Faurby, M., Matthiessen, K. S., Mogensen, P. B., & Verma, S. (2022). Healthcare costs and hospitalizations in US patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease: a retrospective database study (OFFSET). Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism24(7), 1300–1309. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.14703

Kirwan, M., Chiu, C. L., Hay, M., & Laing, T. (2021). Community-based exercise and lifestyle program improves health outcomes in older adults with type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(11), 6147. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116147

Molloy, E. J., & Bearer, C. F. (2021). Translational research is all-encompassing and lets everyone be a researcher. Pediatric Research90(1), 2-3. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-01225-4