NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

Sample Answer for NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis Included After Question

Assessment Description

Select a current or proposed health care policy that is designed to provide equitable health care for a diverse
population. Create a 12-15-slide PowerPoint presentation discussing the health care policy and how it
improves a specifc population’s access to quality, cost-efective health care. Create speaker notes of 100-250
words for each slide. Include additional slides for the title and references.
Include the following in your presentation:

  1. Describe the policy selected.
  2. Discuss the diverse population that will be afected by this policy.
  3. Explain how the policy is designed to improve cost-efectiveness and health care equity for the diverse
    population.
  4. Discuss why the policy is fnancially sound and explain how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective
    and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors. Provide rationale to support your explanation.
  5. Describe what state, federal, global health policies, or goals the policy is related to and explain the degree to
    which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population.
  6. Discuss advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-efective health care for the diverse
    population selected.
  7. Discuss the professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and
    advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse
    populations from a Christian perspective.
    You are required to cite eight peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published
    within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
    Refer to the resource, “Creating Efective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for
    additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.
    While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and
    documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the
    APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
    This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar
    with the expectations for successful completion.
    You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is
    located in Class Resources if you need assistance.
    Benchmark Information
    This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:
    MBA-MSN; MSN-Nursing Education; MSN Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Adult-Gerontology; MSN Family Nurse
    Practitioner; MSN-Health Informatics; MSN-Health Care Quality and Patient Safety; MSN-Leadership in Health Care
    Systems; MSN-Public Health Nursing
    2.1: Examine fnancially sound health care policy that incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical,
    legal, and political factors.
    2.2: Determine advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-efective health care for diverse
    populations.
    Page 31 Grand Canyon University 2023 © Prepared on: Feb 10, 2023, 11:55 PM
    4.2: Integrate appropriate state, federal, and global health policies and goals into the design of equitable health care
    for populations.
    4.3: Examine the professional and moral obligation of master’s-prepared nurses to respect human dignity and
    advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from
    a Christian perspective.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

Title: NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

Policy Description

With population health needs varying profoundly and impacting diverse populations differently, it is important to have practical interventions to improve access, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care. Such policies are usually structured in a way that addresses specific population needs (McKenzie et al., 2021). Generally, S.Res. 254 proposals are based on the premise that COVID-19 has affected many lives adversely, with mental pressures rising over time.

Accordingly, the policy obliges the Senate to support awareness month to fight stigmatization associates with mental health. Other focus areas include emphasizing scientific findings regarding mental health recovery and declaring mental health a national priority. These interventions will reduce the toll on mental well-being due to COVID-19 and ensure that mental health patients receive the attention and care they deserve.

Diverse Population Affected By The Policy

As the policy states, the population of focus is people with mental health problems. S.Res. 254 addresses the need for both adults and children. This population struggle with mental health well-being and are vulnerable to substance abuse (Carbonell et al., 2020). Given this, their problems and vulnerability to other health issues and complications increase proportionately.

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NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis
NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

Vaccari et al. (2020) further found that people with mental health problems are highly stigmatized since their conditions are not sufficiently understood. They need support as much as possible. Loades et al. (2020) also noted that people with mental health problems are victims of social isolation and psychological stress. Awareness programs and prioritizing their needs will reduce the overall impact of COVID-19 and related problems.

Improving Cost-effectiveness and Health Care Equity

Affordability and access to health care services have been real concerns affecting population health. Cost-effectiveness is a reliable indicator of feasible policies and programs. The policy focuses on preventing the gradual increase in mental health issues, implying that it will be instrumental in reducing the financial burden associated with treating mental health problems. Baumgartner et al. (2020) found that the annual spending towards mental health in the United States is over $200 billion annually. Awareness reduces this cost and the overall illness burden in hospitals and families. Importantly, increased awareness will ensure that resources used for mental health treatment and services can be used in other ways, such as promoting healthy eating.

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Despite populations varying in terms of needs, geographical locations, and socioeconomic status, all people deserve health care services when needed and in the manner needed. Health care equity is primarily about delivering health care services fairly and properly and not according to patient or population group characteristics (Brown et al., 2019; Butler, 2021).

Recognizing mental well-being as important as others health aspects such as physical health is a practical way of promoting health care equity since it ensures that mental health is not treated differently. As a result, mental health patients can receive the deserved services when needed. In the same case, the policy also obliges the Senate to ensure access to appropriate services of care and continuously support the overall quality of life for people with mental illnesses.

Financial Implications of the Policy

Although outcomes vary, health care policies should be financially sound. Their overall benefits should outdo the costs after a cost-benefit analysis. One of the ways making the policy financially sound is its application of affordable strategies at the organizational and public levels. Health care organizations can apply the same strategies that the policy proposes to advance mental health care. With the primary goal being to raise awareness, different media can be used, and the information can be broadcasted. Also, informing the public will be instrumental in supporting people with mental health problems in communities at little or considerable cost. Eventually, policy implementation becomes sustainable, and the gains profound.

Incorporating the Nursing Perspective, Ethical, Legal, and Political Factors

Solutions to population health needs apply different perspectives and consider many factors. The nursing perspective is among the highly applied in delivering the best outcomes. The policy applies the nursing perspective by providing a mechanism to make people with mental health problems more functional and free from illness and disability. A nursing perspective is centered on health promotion and reducing adverse outcomes such as suffering and dying in the individual, family, and community contexts (Fu et al., 2020). Ethically, harm reduction is an ethical consideration while promoting equal health services as a right is a legal consideration. Politically, the policy relies on Senate support for implementation and continuous support.

Relationship With State, Federal, and Global Health Goals

Health policies aim to achieve different goals. State, federal, and global health goals are common reference points. The main state goal applicable to the policy is reducing health disparities across populations, which ensures that all populations get the health care services deserved. Two federal goals relate to the policy. The first goal is improving mental health by ensuring access to appropriate services and support.

The other goal is implementing health reforms that prioritize mental health and personal well-being. Several global health goals relate to the policy. They include integrating clinical, research, and educational efforts to address mental health, alleviate mental suffering through prevention, treatment, and care, and reducing premature mortality of non-communicable diseases.

Each goal helps to achieve equitable health care for people with mental health needs in different proportions. The state goal helps to a significant degree. The main reason behind this inference is the fact that there is a lot of focus on vulnerable populations to ensure that they are protected from mental pressures associated with COVID-19. Federal goals help to achieve equitable health care for people with mental health problems to a considerable degree. This is because more improvement is required to ensure equal access to appropriate mental health services, although there is some effort. Global health goals help to a fair extent. The current effort is yet to match mental health needs, but a significant proportion still suffers from mental health challenges worldwide.

Advocacy Strategies

People with mental health needs require close attention, protection from abuse, and everyday support in other ways. Advocacy is one way of ensuring that this critical population get the required services, stay informed, and are protected from mistreatment. Advocacy strategies include addressing mental health providers’ shortages. Addressing providers’ shortages ensures that patient needs are addressed timely and optimally (Erickson et al., 2020).

The same case applies to mental health provision. Other strategies include patient education on mental health, increased awareness of mental health problems, formulation of policies to promote mental health care, and expanding health organizations’ capacity to provide comprehensive care. All health care organizations should be adequately resourced to provide mental health services besides other health care services.

Advocacy is primarily about ensuring different populations get some support to get health care services that match their needs. It ensures that there is more focus on population problems and efforts to address the health challenges appropriately. Mental health should be declared a national priority. Its prioritization will increase commitment to address it and help people with mental health needs better than before. Outcomes can be further improved by dedicating special months for mental health support and recovery. The current month under the current policy is May. Other advocacy strategies include instituting community support programs, enacting laws to protect mental health patients from stigma, and liaising with local, national, and faith-based organizations to support families of people with mental health problems.

Professional and Moral Obligation of Master’s Prepared Nurses

Master’s prepared nurses have a professional and moral obligation in helping to achieve different health outcomes from a Christian perspective. Applying the Christian perspective implies that the nurse is empathetic, sympathetic, and genuinely concerned about people’s health problems. Accordingly, such nurses have an obligation to promote awareness of health issues and advocate for organizational and community policies to promote equality and equity and protect vulnerable populations to ensure that their dignity is preserved. Nurses should also collaborate with colleagues to improve the quality of care in organizations, families, and communities and remain active in organizational and community health support teams.

With health care issues changing their dynamics over time, new health care models and knowledge to improve current outcomes are needed. As a result, engaging in EBP projects to generate new knowledge is part of nurses’ roles. As times and situations necessitate, nurses should also be involved in disease detection programs such as screening. In this case, they should do everything within their means to ensure that individuals and communities live disease-free lives. Other efforts include continuous research, serving as a reliable resource, and serving as a role model. Combined efforts are necessary since population needs are highly diverse hence the need for a multifaceted approach.

References

¡Baumgartner, J. S., Aboulafia, G. N., & McIntosh, A. (2020, Apr 3). The ACA at 10: How has it impacted mental health care? The Commonwealth Fund. https://www.commonwealthfund.org/blog/2020/aca-10-how-has-it-impacted-mental-health-care

¡Brown, A. F., Ma, G. X., Miranda, J., Eng, E., Castille, D., Brockie, T., Jones, P., Airhihenbuwa, C. O., Farhat, T., Zhu, L., & Trinh-Shevrin, C. (2019). Structural interventions to reduce and eliminate health disparities. American Journal of Public Health109(S1), S72–S78. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304844

¡Butler, S. M. (2021). A Pathway to equitable health care in America. American Journal of Public Health. https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306192

¡Carbonell, A., Navarro‐Pérez, J. J., & Mestre, M. V. (2020). Challenges and barriers in mental healthcare systems and their impact on the family: A systematic integrative review. Health & Social Care in the Community28(5), 1366-1379. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12968

¡Erickson, S. M., Outland, B., Joy, S., Rockwern, B., Serchen, J., Mire, R. D., & Goldman, J. M. (2020). Envisioning a better US health care system for all: health care delivery and payment system reforms. Annals of Internal Medicine172(2_Supplement), S33-S49. https://doi.org/10.7326/M19-2407

¡Fu, M. R., Kurnat-Thoma, E., Starkweather, A., Henderson, W. A., Cashion, A. K., Williams, J. K., … & Coleman, B. (2020). Precision health: A nursing perspective. International Journal of Nursing Sciences7(1), 5-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.12.008

¡Loades, M. E., Chatburn, E., Higson-Sweeney, N., Reynolds, S., Shafran, R., Brigden, A., Linney, C., McManus, M. N., Borwick, C., & Crawley, E. (2020). Rapid systematic review: The impact of social isolation and loneliness on the mental health of children and adolescents in the context of COVID-19. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry59(11), 1218–1239.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2020.05.009

¡McKenzie, C., Mulé, N. J., & Khan, M. (2021). Where Is LGBTQ+ in Ontario’s Health Care Policies and Programs?. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-021-00577-8

¡Vaccari, P., Ramírez-Vielma, R., Saldivia, S., Cova, F., Vielma-Aguilera, A., Victoriano, V., … & Grandón, P. (2020). Stigma towards people with a diagnosis of severe mental disorder in primary healthcare centers: perspectives of service users and health teams in Chile. International Journal of Mental Health Systems14(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-0340-5

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

Title: NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis

INTRODUCTION

Over the years, healthcare policies have formed a key part of patient care as through them, various stakeholders have worked towards enhancing patient outcomes and improving staff working conditions such as conditions which support nurses to operate better in the patient care environment (Daniel et al.,2018).  The USA government in the past and presented enacted various healthcare related policies covering various aspects of patient care with the major focus of improving patient outcomes. One such policy is the Affordable Care Act also commonly known as the Obama Care. This policy was enacted in the year 2010 and has been instrumental in improving patient outcomes. Therefore, this presentation focuses on the Affordable Care Act as diverse population health policy.

Description of Policy

The Affordable Care Act as a diverse population policy was enacted and started to function in the year 2010. The then president, Barack Obama had a vision of improving patient treatment outcomes at affordable costs. Therefore, the policy targeted the insurance markets which was reformed to help achieve the goals (Breslau et al.,2018). The policy also expanded the Medicaid so that more people should get insurance. The Medicaid eligibility was increased to help improve the access to care. For instance, through such acts, the law required that individuals with or without children under 18 years and have income below 138% of the federal poverty should have healthcare insurance or Medicaid. In addition, the federal government should cover the Medicaid expansion costs to help in offsetting financial complications of having to cover more people.

The Diverse Population

Since the start of its operation, the Affordable Care Act has impacted various individuals from diverse populations. Such an impact was achieved by making substantial changes to the Medicare and Medicaid programs. As such, more individual could be included in the Medicaid program. As such individuals who were from economically disadvantaged backgrounds could access the necessary patient care. People living with chronic conditions such as diabetes could also get medical insurance which they could access before the policy. The policy prohibited insurance companies from barring people with underlying conditions from getting particular benefits.

 (McIntyre, & Song, 2019).  The result is that more millions of Americans have since obtained medical insurance.

The Policy Cost Effectiveness

One of the major aims of formulating the Affordable Care Act was to reduce healthcare costs. Therefore, it is important to explore the cost effectiveness of the policy. Ten years after its operationalization, an increase of over twenty million Americans got health insurance (Chernew et al.,2020).  Such an observation was mainly due to the tax credit which was offered. Such tax credits were instrumental in enabling the individuals to pay for their premiums hence affording the medical cover. Individuals who could not access medical coverage due to underlying conditions were able to access such services at affordable costs. As such the policy can be said to be costs effective.

The Policy and Health Equity

One of the major aims of enacting the ACA was to improve health equity. Therefore, it is also important to access the policy for health equity. Improving health equity is one of the strategies that can be used to fight health disparities which have been impacting population health negatively. The affordable care act has been instrumental in improving health equity (Purkey & MacKenzie, 2019). Since its enactment, individuals from various groups have been accessing health care hence equity. For instance, individuals living with chronic conditions, those living with disabilities, minority groups, older individuals, children and women all have experienced improved access to care which has in turn enhanced health equity.

Policy and Financial Soundness

The Affordable Care Act can also be assessed for its financial soundness. The policy has shown financial soundness in various ways. For example, through the policy, individual can obtain subsidies as strategy of offering financial help. The implication is that individuals have enhanced capability or ability to purchase healthcare insurance. By purchasing the insurance, the people can access the needed patient care services without limit (Beland et al.,2019). Besides, by purchasing premiums at lower costs, the individuals or families spend less hence saving. Since it helps in reducing wastes, and increasing coverage, the policy can be said to be financially sound.

Incorporation of  Nursing Perspectives

The Affordable Care Act as a diverse population policy has incorporated various nursing perspectives.  The provisions of the policy focus on the provision of equitable access to health which is a nursing perspective. The policy has also incorporated the emphasis on high quality patient care which is the major pillar of nursing and a nursing perspective. Therefore, the two aspects of care has been a driving force in the policy to ensure that Americans get access to care equitably and also get high quality care as appropriate (Ortega et al.,2019) . The ACA also has provisions that advocate for adequate training of the nursing staff to enable them acquire skills and knowledge which is key in providing a high quality care.

Ethical, Legal and Political Factors

The policy is associated with various political, legal and ethical factors. From the time the law was being enacted to the time when it was fully implemented, there have been various debates around political, legal and ethical aspects (Loehrer et al.,2018). Among the ethical factors are the policy’s moral foundation, the public health and access to care equitably. Apart from the ethical factors, there are also legal factors which  is concerned with the cost containment and the need for various jurisdictions such as individual states to come up with various healthcare policies which support the policy. The political factors surrounding the policy entail several calls for amendments in previous years and even calls to completely scrap it out during president Trump’s regime.

State, Federal and Global Policies Related to ACA

The Affordable Care Act is related to various state, federal and global health policies. Such policies majorly deal with enhancing patient care outcomes and equitable access to care. The Public Health Services Act focuses on offering grants to individuals to ensure that these individuals have better outcomes. Such grants enable the individuals to access appropriate care (Shi & Singh.,2022). Global health policies are also related to the Affordable Care Act. In particular ACA is related to the global health policies that emphasize on the universal access to care. The implication is that various nations have used such provisions to enact their own laws that promote access of care to every one. Therefore, the overall impact is improve access to care and better patient outcomes.

How The Policies Achieve Equitable Healthcare

The discussed global, state and federal health policies have enhanced equitable healthcare. The equitable healthcare has been achieved in terms of affordable costs, and equitable access to care. Therefore, through these policies, many people have able to  access health insurance hence equitable healthcare. The Public health service act was formulated with the major aim of improving equitable health care through offering grants. The global health policy of universal health care access. The pillar of the global health policy is universal access to care (Mason & Perez, 2020). Therefore, through this policy, many governments have been urged to come up with policies and guidelines which focus on improving equitable healthcare and reducing health care costs to improve equitable healthcare.

The Advocacy Strategies

One of the strategies that has been used successfully to influence healthcare policies and care outcomes is patient advocacy strategies. Therefore, nurses should use various advocacy strategies to influence policies and patient outcomes.  One of them is patient education which is used to improve patient knowledge regarding available healthcare services, their costs and every available option (Mason & Perez, 2020). Lobbying can also be used as an advocacy strategy to influence policy outcomes and enhance patient outcomes. Making policy proposals is also important as such proposals can be made to various legislators who can then help the process of such proposals becoming laws to improve patient outcomes. Influencing public opinion can also be used in advocacy to ensure that patients get the best health care services and improved access.

Masters’ Prepared Nurse Professional and Moral Obligation

Master’s prepared nurses have various roles in the patient care settings in ensuring that the patients get holistic care. One of them is the having the moral and professional obligation of respecting the human dignity and advancing common good and promoting health. One of the strategies to use is to uphold the patient value and acknowledging that every patient deserves respect. They should also ensure that patient private and confidential information remains confidential and not shared by unauthorized individuals. Masters prepared professional nurses should also ensure that the patients choices and preferences are considered when making treatment decisions.

References

Béland, D., Rocco, P., & Waddan, A. (2019). Policy feedback and the politics of the Affordable Care Act. Policy Studies Journal47(2), 395-422. https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12286

Breslau, J., Stein, B. D., Han, B., Shelton, S., & Yu, H. (2018). Impact of the Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage expansion on the health care and health status of young adults: what do we know so far?. Medical Care Research and Review75(2), 131-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077558716682171

Chernew, M. E., Conway, P. H., & Frakt, A. B. (2020). Transforming Medicare’s Payment Systems: Progress Shaped By The ACA: A narrative review of Affordable Care Act payment reforms. Health Affairs39(3), 413-420. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.01410

Daniel, H., Bornstein, S. S., Kane, G. C., & Health and Public Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians*. (2018). Addressing social determinants to improve patient care and promote health equity: An American College of Physicians position paper. Annals of Internal Medicine168(8), 577-578. https://doi.org/10.7326/M17-2441

Loehrer, A. P., Chang, D. C., Scott, J. W., Hutter, M. M., Patel, V. I., Lee, J. E., & Sommers, B. D. (2018). Association of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion with access to and quality of care for surgical conditions. JAMA Surgery153(3), e175568-e175568. Doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2017.5568

Mason, D. J., Perez, A., McLemore, M. R., & Dickson, E. (2020). Policy & Politics in Nursing and Health Care-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences

McIntyre, A., & Song, Z. (2019). The US Affordable Care Act: Reflections and directions at the close of a decade. PLoS Medicine16(2), e1002752. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002752

Ortega, A. N., McKenna, R. M., Chen, J., Alcalá, H. E., Langellier, B. A., & Roby, D. H. (2018). Insurance coverage and well-child visits improved for youth under the Affordable Care Act, but Latino youth still lag behind. Academic Pediatrics18(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2017.07.006

Purkey, E., & MacKenzie, M. (2019). Experience of healthcare among the homeless and vulnerably housed a qualitative study: opportunities for equity-oriented health care. International Journal For Equity In Health18(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-1004-4

Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2022). Essentials of the US health care system. Jones & Bartlett Learning.