NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Sample Answer for NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care Included After Question

Topic 4 DQ 2

Select two diferent nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care. How could you use them for
inciting behavioral changes? Discuss the pros and cons of applying each theory and how they could be
integrated into your future practice. Are there any particular ethical issues related to the integration of these
theories that should be considered?
In response to your peers, cite a study that used one of the nursing theories you discussed. Explain the impact
of the nursing theory on your approach to patient care. Cite at least one source to support your response.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Title: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Jean Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Caring stresses the humanistic aspects of nursing as they intertwine with scientific knowledge and nursing practice. According to Watson,” humans cannot be treated as objects and cannot be separated from self, other, nature, and the larger workforce.” (Alligood, 2014). Her theory encompasses the whole world of nursing, with the emphasis placed on the interpersonal process between patient care. This theory is a generalized theory for nursing that applies to many settings and patient populations. In the caring theory, the patient is the focus of practice rather than the technology. Jean Watson’s Caring Theory is also helpful in uniting the healthcare community with a common goal of improving global health. Watson’s theory and the  

principles of integrative nursing are aligned with the unitary paradigm in a way that can inspire and mold nursing knowledge, enhance patient care delivery across populations and healthcare settings. It can be used to generate and create new healthcare policies. An integrated, comprehensive nursing and caring science is a means to transform the healthcare system into an accessible, equitable, safe, cost-effective, patient-centered system that will benefit the world.


NUR 513 During this program, you will complete an evidence-based practice project addressing a problem, issue, or concern in your specialty area of professional practice

NUR 513 Select one theory discussed during Topics 4 and 5

NUR 513 Review the evidence-based practice project ideas you described in Topic 5 DQ 1

NUR 513 Imagine the following scenario: You are taking the evidence-based practice course and one of your classmates shares an EBP project draft with you

NUR 513 Describe the steps of the evidence-based research process and the importance of using them

NUR 513 What are some of the major ethical issues in conducting research that impacts the advanced registered nurse?

NUR 513 Identify three professional nursing organizations that interest you

NUR 513 Research health care legislation that is being considered in your state

NUR 513 Topic 4 DQ 1

NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care
NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Personally, I chose the Environmental Theory of Florence Nightingale, which emphasizes the nurses’ role of being at the center of the healing process for the patient through our genuine presence and intentionality, therefore, optimizing the ability of the patient to heal from within. Florence Nightingale’s philosophy and teachings advocate for the nurses’ role in creating a healing environment to care for the patient’s body, mind, and spirit.

The Environmental theory is the heart of critical, holistic thinking in nursing because it describes the humanistic approach to unifying the patient and their environment and the nurses’ role in providing a healing environment (Riegel et al., 2021). Florence Nightingale is an inspiration to all the nurses and me because she was remembered for her accomplishments during the Crimean War. However, her most significant achievements were centered on her desire and work to create social reform in health care and nursing.

As a future nurse leader, I would like to ensure that we make a healing environment for the patient by renewing the commitment of the nursing staff to providing safe and high-quality nursing care where patients can heal from within. As a nurse leader, I would like to organize staff training, foster professional development, and prepare budgets to enhance Quality-of-Care Standards. As a nurse leader, I will proactively oversee nursing units and ensure that nurses follow established protocols and procedures that maintain patient safety and high-quality patient care.


Alligood, M. R. (2014). Areas for further development of theory-based nursing practice. Nursing theory: Utilization & application. Elsevier.

Riegel, F., Crossetti, M. D. G. O., Martini, J. G., & Nes, A. A. G. (2021). Florence Nightingale’s theory and her contributions to holistic critical thinking in nursing. Revista Brasileira De Enfermagem74(2).

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Title: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Introduction to advanced nursing has been a great and exciting course for the past four weeks. The weeks’ DQs, responses, and course assignments have given me a significant experience and have encouraged great interaction. It is from the interaction that I have gathered diverse insights on advanced nursing issues, specialties, and related nursing theories. The concepts I have learned have significantly impacted my practice experience and given me a broad view of the nursing profession. 

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The learning experience has been encouraging,particularly after reading about everyone’s ambitions and future goals in the advanced nursing practice. I have also learned to appreciate and recognize the impact of nursing theories in practice. Having looked into nursing care theories in week 4, I am encouraged to integrate every concept into practice. The foundational knowledge instilled by nursing theories encourages me to meet my professional duties and patients’ rights. As Younas and Quennell (2019) assert, regardless of the nursing specialization and our future goals, the theories discussed are crucial in guiding practice and enhancing positive outcomes.

Besides, I am excited that most of the goals I set at the beginning of the class are being accomplished. First, I intended to gather as many insights from my peers, which has been made possible by the peer responses. I also looked forward to balancing school and other activities. The program has been highly favorable, and I look forward to interacting with the content in the coming weeks. I anticipate that the content will further guide and prepare me for my future role as a nurse leader. As a nurse leader, my role will encompass interaction with several other advanced practice nurses. Thus, the course is an excellent guide to a successful and fulfilling career.


Younas, A., & Quennell, S. (2019). Usefulness of nursing theory‐guided practice: an integrative review. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences33(3), 540-555.

A Sample Answer 3 For the Assignment: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Title: NUR 513 Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care

Reviewing the topic on “How to View the Citation report” on the Lopeswrite, the Citation report and it’s content was explained. Items found in the report were identified and explained. Categories mentioned that may be found in the report summary toolbar included the word count, similarity score, quoted text, citation items, grammar items, settings, and download. The word count will ensure that your count is within the required number of words for the assignment given.

The similarity score compares your work with other sources to identify similarities from the internet or other institution sources. Quoted texts are not included in the similarity scoring. Citation items on the other hand identify the items in the submitted document that are detected from internet and institution sources. We need to ensure that these items are properly cited. Lastly, grammar errors will flag some possible grammar and spelling errors within the assignment that may need to be corrected.

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Self-care nursing theory and Culture-care theory are two major nursing theories. In the self-care philosophy, patients should take care of themselves to profit from the sickness. This notion helps patients comprehend their health difficulties and how to improve through instruction and nursing care. Cultural care stresses cultural competency since culturally varied people need greater creativity and awareness. Healthcare practitioners should appreciate other communities’ beliefs and values.


•  The patient will know what is wrong as it will improve the knowledge of HIV/AIDS and prevention and testing for STI/STDS.

•  People from other cultures may feel more comfortable communicating their opinions.

•  Cultural knowledge improves patient care.


•  Patients cannot always care for themselves.

•  Consequences may arise.

•  Nobody understands racial differences.

These principles promote nursing care and practice. It explains the nursing theory application.

Nursing Self-Care

The American Nurses Association’s Code of Ethics for Nurses emphasizes that nurses must practice self-care in addition to caring for patients. Watson’s Theory and Science of Caring assume that science is at the center of nursing. Watson’s care philosophy encourages self-care. Watson’s Caritas’ two main findings are that “we must learn to care for, forgive, and love ourselves before we can care for and love others (ANGELO GONZALO, 2021).” The nursing instructor should practice it so patients can become healthy quickly.

Care Theory

Protecting patient Confidentiality

Medical record privacy is a major ethical and legal issue in healthcare. Psychiatrist-patient conversations and medical information is confidential (Cohen, 2013).


It is against the rules for medical professionals or staff members to have romantic relationships with patients. Anyone engaged in the sexual assault may be harmed, including the institution; nevertheless, the institution’s code of ethics should be unambiguous.


Patients at the end of their lives may have apparent wishes for passing away. Families may find it challenging to withdraw a loved one’s life support. Personnel in the healthcare industry and clinical executives are responsible for managing end-of-life scenarios and elderly patients who cannot make rational choices.


The epidemic virus has refocused attention on healthcare personnel’s right to avoid infectious illnesses via direct or indirect patient contact. Without a patient’s health history, ethical and legal issues emerge.


ANGELO GONZALO, B. R. (2021). Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. Nurseslabs.

Cohen, J. &. (2013). Human Rights in Patient Care: A Theoretical and Practice Framework. Rts., 15, 7. Health & Hum.

I continue to be inspired by Henderson, Virginia, and Orem’s self-care deficit theory.

Henderson is well known for her definition of nursing, which says, “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge (Gligor & Domnariu, 2020).

This theory is close to what a nurse always tries to do, whether at work or home. My father was sick two years ago, and I had to boost him a lot to become independent after a major surgery. It was a great collaboration with the physiotherapist, nutritionist, and caretaker to bring my father to his baseline, but my father gave up, and finally, I lost him. But this theory touches my heart. I feel like every nurse can apply this theory in their day-to-day life. On the other hand, Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory defines Nursing as The act of assisting others in the provision and management of self-care to maintain or improve human functioning at the home level of effectiveness.(Gligor & Domnariu, 2020).

It focuses on each individual’s ability to perform self-care, defined as “the practice of activities that individuals initiate and act on their behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being (Gligor & Domnariu,2020). I feel like there is a very close relationship between both these theories. Both focus on the independence of a human being, which comes under pros, but just like my father, not every human strives to be independent, which can be a con of these two theories. 


Gligor, L., & Domnariu, C. D. (2020). Patient Care approach using Nursing Theories – Comparative analysis of Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory and Henderson’s Model. Acta Medica Transilvanica25(2), 11–14.

Hildegard Paplau’s theory of Interpersonal Relationships highlights an importance of the relationship between the patient and the nurse. Building a relationship with your patient not only helps to build you as a nurse but helps the nurse to provide the patient with the best possible care (Tourvilee, 2003). Nursing is personal and requires the nurse and patient to form a bond, no matter how short lived, for the patient to heal and return to their personal baseline. By focusing on how to personally relate to our patients, we can connect with them on another, deeper level and personalize our care to their needs. Putting this theory into practice incites behavioral changes in the nurse by allowing them to be more open and available emotionally to their patient and what they are experiencing. However, this can open the nurse up to feelings that can be overwhelming or difficult to deal with. Caring fatigue and emotional exhaustion are very real concerns, and the emotional well-being of the nurse should be taken very seriously.

Florence Nightingale’s Theory of Caring is the original nursing theory and should resonate with all of those in the nursing community.  It serves as the basis for other nursing theories, and the foundation of what we all know to be nursing practice today. Similarly, the emotional well-being of the nurse needs to be taken into consideration when applying this theory into practice, while practicing the Theory of Caring can incite positive behavioral changes, caution should be exercised. Becoming too close to our patients or sharing too much of our selves can pose some ethical dilemmas.

Tourville, C., & Ingalls, K. (2003). The Living Tree of Nursing Theories. Nursing Forum38(3), 21–36.