NSG 4076 Child and Adolescent Health Risks

NSG 4076 Child and Adolescent Health Risks

NSG 4076 Child and Adolescent Health Risks

Obesity is a national public health concern that requires effective long-term solutions as advanced by existing information and research findings. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2021) asserts that the risk factors for childhood obesity include behavioral, environmental, genetic, and medical conditions. For instance, behavioral risk factors like eating bigger portions, eating foods rich in calories but poor in nutrients and spending much time doing passive activities like watching television or computer and little time for physical activities lead to obesity (Weihrauch-Blüher et al., 2018). Genetic risk factors entail a child having one or both parents obese increase the possibility of having obesity.

The risk of obesity among children and adolescent may not differ considerably based on figures from CDC which estimates that 17% of children between 2 and 19 years are obese. These estimates are based on the body mass index (BMI) percentile. Again, the rate of childhood obesity has more than tripled over the past three decades (Purnell, 2013). The implication is that obesity risk factors do not differ as the problem affects children and adolescent in similar ways based on the causes.

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Objectives that will encounter childhood and adolescent obesity include behavioral change among those vulnerable like the children and adolescents. The Healthy People 2030 (2022) places emphasis on culturally appropriate programs and policies that will assist people and communities eat nutritious foods based on their calories needs can decrease obesity among children and adolescents. Further, public health interventions that allow people to enhance physical activities also lead to healthy weight maintenance.

NSG 4076 Child and Adolescent Health Risks
NSG 4076 Child and Adolescent Health Risks

Community health nurses can make contributions to the national health objectives and achieve the goal of reducing obesity among this population by providing education and awareness about the benefits of healthy living (Purnell, 2013). These nurses are patient advocates and interact with them and their families to develop culturally-appropriate interventions to reduce overweight and obesity among different populations, including children and adolescents (Weihrauch-Blüher et al., 2018). As care providers, these nurses have significant influence on behavioral and life changes that can help reduce obesity.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2021). Childhood Obesity Causes &

            Consequences. https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/causes.html

Healthy People 2030 (2022). Overweight and Obesity.


Purnell, L. D. (2013). Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach. F. A Davis


Weihrauch-Blüher, S., Kromeyer-Hauschild, K., Graf, C., Widhalm, K., Korsten-Reck, U.,

Jödicke, B., … & Wiegand, S. (2018). Current guidelines for obesity prevention in childhood and adolescence. Obesity facts, 11(3), 263-276. https://doi.org/10.1159/000486512