NRS 434 Describe two external stressors that are unique to adolescents
NRS 434 Describe two external stressors that are unique to adolescents
Two external stressors that affect teenagers would be self image and caring what peers think of them and also self identity finding out who they are.. Teenagers go through unique stressors each are different from one another, Teenagers go through physical and mental growth. They need a lot of support and love from their parents as they transition to adulthood. Teenagers are usually pressured into using drug or substance use, or risky behaviors as part of a social stressor they give in due to peer pressure. Some Teengers don’t have a good support system at home and need a sense of belonging.
Mental health is essential for positive youth development and improved health and social wellbeing across the lifespan (Barry, M.M 2019) Social and mental development is identified as a key determinant of young people’s mental health, wellbeing and social progress and supports them in achieving positive outcomes in school and life. Being a teenager and having multiple changes happen in your body and mind can be hard to manage on your own, having an adult/parent to support them Spending time together listening to the teens concerts giving theme healthy advice and sharing positive thoughts, having open communication can help the teen more willing to discuss their stressors. Another coping mechanism is keeping the teenager active with sports, dancing, yoga, swim club, the idea is keeping them busy and well team building giving them a sense of belonging gives them confidence
Kuosmanen, T., Clarke, A. M., & Barry, M. M. (2019). Promoting adolescents’ mental health and wellbeing: Evidence synthesis. [Adolescents’ mental health and wellbeing] Journal of Public Mental Health, 18(1), 73-83. doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/JPMH-07-2018-0036
.American Psychological Association. How to help children and teens manage their stress. www.apa.org/topics/child-development/stress. Updated October 19, 2022. Accessed December 1, 2022
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It’s absolutely true that self-image, peer pressure, and self-identity are significant external stressors that impact teenagers. Each teenager goes through unique challenges during their physical and mental growth. As they transition to adulthood, they require a lot of support and love from their parents. I consider myself fortunate to have received the necessary support from my parents during my teenage years. They have consistently been by my side, playing a crucial role in shaping the person I have become today.
I agree with you that mental health is essential in teens’ development. In addition, the development of mental health problems in adolescents is clearly linked to adolescent stress. However, it has not been investigated whether it contributes to dysfunctional body image in adolescents. In grades 7 to 10, students were examined to determine whether stress affects body image, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Among the best exploratory models, stress, self-esteem, and gender accounted for a significant share of variance in body image.
Murray, K. M., Byrne, D. G., & Rieger, E. (2011). Investigating adolescent stress and body image. Journal of Adolescence, 34(2), 269–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.05.004
Cyberbullying, a relatively new phenomenon, can lead to devastating results, including depression and teen suicide. Teenagers spend an extensive amount of time on social media sites and use various forms of technology, with approximately 80% of teenagers having some form of social media account (Messias, Kindrick, & Castro, 2014.
It is imperative that parents gives supports to their teens in case of bullying. Here are some examples of what the teens should do if they face bullying.
- Tell the person doing the bullying to stop: ‘Calmly standing up to people who are bullying lets them know that what they’re trying to do isn’t working. Stand up tall, and use a firm voice’.
- Ignore verbal taunts and comments, and move away if the bullying continues: ‘Don’t engage with the bully, ignore what they say, don’t look at them and walk away’.
- Avoid high-risk places: ‘If you keep away from places where bullying happens, you can avoid the people doing the bullying – as long as this doesn’t stop you from doing things you like to do’.
- Identify safe places: ‘Stick to places where there are plenty of people around, especially teachers. The library, canteen or other busy places are good options’.
- Stay around other people, especially people you trust: ‘If you stay with your friends, the person doing the bullying probably won’t bother you’.
- Ask other students for help: ‘Other students probably understand what you’re going through and can help you if you need it. People are less likely to bully if they can see that you have backup’.
- Tell a teacher: ‘Your teacher can help you deal with the problem. The person doing the bullying might not even know that the teacher is helping you. Bullying can be hard to handle, and teachers are there to help make the behavior’s stop’.
You could also talk with your child about strategies for different situations. For example, if someone is calling your child names, your child might tell the person to stop or try ignoring it. But if the person doing the bullying is being physically violent, it’s best to tell a teacher.
Hellfeldt, K., Lopez-Romero, L., & Andershed, H. (2020). Cyberbullying and psychological well-being in young adolescence: The potential protective mediation effects of social support from family, friends, and teachers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1), Article 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010045.
Peer pressure is definitely a big stressor on teenagers especially when one is trying to fit in. Peer pressure comes from various activities such as being asked to ditch school, substance abuse, part-take in risky behaviors, cheating on test and various others. Teenagers feel The pressure to conform (to do what others are doing) can be powerful and hard to resist. Peer pressure can influence a person to do something that is relatively harmless — or something that has more serious consequences. Learn to feel comfortable saying “no.” With good friends you should never have to offer an explanation or apology (KidsHealth.org., n.d.).
Peer pressure. (n.d.). kidshealth.org. Retrieved June 25, 2023, from https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/peer-pressure.html
The adolescent period is indeed a transitional phase between childhood and adulthood, characterized by numerous physical, cognitive, and emotional changes. It is during this period that individuals undergo significant development in various aspects of their lives.However, it is important to note that not all adolescents lack emotional maturity or are unable to make good decisions and judgments. While there may be instances where adolescents struggle with decision-making due to their limited life experiences and brain development, it is not a universal characteristic of all adolescents. Many adolescents exhibit responsible decision-making and judgment skills, and their abilities in these areas continue to develop as they progress through adolescence.
Falkner, A., Green, S. (2022). Health Assessment: Foundations for Effective Practice. Grand Canyon University. https://bibliu.com/app/#/view/books/1000000000584/epub/Cover.html#page_1
Adolescents experience a lot of changes primarily due to their development. The direct outcome of emotional and cognitive changes in adolescence is an underdeveloped capacity for decision-making and a lack of emotional maturity. As a result of this, there is poor decision-making and an increase in at-risk behaviors that may lead to teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), relationship violence, and substance abuse(Falkner et al., 2022). Two adolescent external stressors that can lead to poor decision-making include peer pressure to try controlled substances and pressure to have a certain body image.
Experimenting with controlled substances can have adverse effects which can lead to learning barriers, mental changes, mood disorders, and addictive disorders. Drug use is associated with sexual risk behavior, experience of violence, and mental health and suicide risks(CDC, 2022). Parents can play a big part in substance abuse prevention by closely monitoring their adolescents and disapproving of any substance use. Some coping mechanisms include exercise and artistic expression. Moving the body can increase endorphins and reduce stress. Today, teens are increasingly less active. Regular exercise can help them cope with stress and build resilience. An artistic activity can help teens get out of their heads and gain perspective(Fort Behavioral Health, 2022).
Body image and self-esteem levels are frequently associated with sociocultural factors and correlations between the use of internet, the preoccupation with self-photos, the parental and peer factors, and the thin models promoted by the media(Soponaru et al., 2020). In our current decade, there has been a new introduction of an increasing amount of attention directed towards looking young and people more than ever going through drastic measures to accomplish their view of perfection. Young boys and girls are trying to measure up to plastic surgery and photo-edited images. This can lead to eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, anxiety, and depression. Exercise can help an adolescent become more comfortable with their body, limiting online use, and eating healthy can help with a poor body image. Parental support with these strategies is encouraged to help the adolescent achieve a positive mindset.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, September). High risk substance use in youth. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/substance-use/index.htm
Fort Behavioral Health. Coping strategies for teens struggling with substance abuse. (2022, May). https://www.fortbehavioral.com/addiction-recovery-blog/coping-strategies-for-teens-struggling-with-substance-abuse/<p style=”box-sizing:border-box;border:0px;margin:0px