NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities

Sample Answer for NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities Included After Question

Create a 2-4 page annotated bibliography and summary based on your research related to best practices addressing one of the health care problems or issues in the Assessment Topic Areas media piece faced by a health care organization that is of interest to you.

Instructions

Note: The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide. At a minimum, be sure to address each point. In addition, you are encouraged to review the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

For this assessment, research best practices related to a current health care problem. Your selected problem or issue will be utilized again in Assessment 4. To explore your chosen topic, you should use the first two steps of the Socratic Problem-Solving Approach to aid your critical thinking.

NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities
NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities

1. View the Assessment Topic Areas media piece and select one of the health care problems or issues in the media piece to research. Write a brief overview of the selected topic. In your overview:

o Summarize the health care problem or issue.

o Describe your interest in the topic.

o Describe any professional experience you have with this topic.

2. Identify peer-reviewed articles relevant to health care issue or problem.

o Conduct a search for scholarly or academic peer-reviewed literature related to the topic and describe the criteria you used to search for articles, including the names of the databases you used. You will select four current scholarly or academic peer-reviewed journal articles published during the past 3–5 years that relate to your topic.

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A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities

Title: NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 2 Healthcare Disparities  

The selected healthcare issue is Healthcare Disparities. Healthcare disparities are defined as differences in health and health care between groups that result from broader inequities. My interest in this topic is from my experience of how healthcare disparities contribute to poor health outcomes. Thus, they need to be addressed by negating their impacts or probably eliminating them. In my professional experience, I have seen how social determinants of health (SDOH) and health disparities hugely impact individuals’ health. The purpose of this assignment is to present an annotated bibliography of peer-reviewed articles discussing healthcare disparities.

Identifying Academic Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Peer-reviewed articles relating to the research topic were discovered using search engines like PubMed and MEDLINE, to source primary literature. I also sourced literature from evidence-based databases like The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and UpToDate. To refine the literature search, I used the terms from the topic to search in the Boolean operator of the databases. I keyed in terms like “Healthcare Disparities”, Impact of Healthcare Disparities” and “Types of Healthcare Disparities”.

Assessing Credibility and Relevance of Information Sources

The credibility and relevance of the articles were established using the CRAAP criterion (Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose). I limited the search to articles published within the last five years for currency. I ensured relevance by using specific key terms.  Besides, I ensured the article were authoritative by ensuring the authors were experts in the selected topic. I also evaluated the information in the articles to ensure accuracy.  Furthermore, I searched for articles that aimed to teach or inform readers about healthcare disparities.

Annotated Bibliography

Chunara, R., Zhao, Y., Chen, J., Lawrence, K., Testa, P. A., Nov, O., & Mann, D. M. (2021). Telemedicine and healthcare disparities: a cohort study in a large healthcare system in New York City during COVID-19. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association28(1), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocaa217

The study examined disparities in persons who access healthcare through telemedicine for COVID-19. The article was included because it assesses racial disparities which have been documented in the US during the COVID-19 pandemic. Study findings reveal that there are disparities for Black patients accessing telemedicine. Disparities in access to telemedicine reflect those in in-person healthcare access and can be used to guide tool design and systemic efforts to foster digital health equity.

Häfliger, C., Diviani, N., & Rubinelli, S. (2023). Communication inequalities and health disparities among vulnerable groups during the COVID-19 pandemic-a scoping review of qualitative and quantitative evidence. BMC Public Health23(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15295-6

The study sought to review the current literature on communication inequalities associated with health disparities (CIHD) in vulnerable groups during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify research gaps. The article was included because it examines how communication inequalities bring about health disparities and how the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened health disparities in vulnerable groups. The study found that low education and knowledge were indicators of communication inequalities that contributed to healthcare disparities. Thus, public health institutions should target their communication to persons with low education to alleviate communication inequalities and associated healthcare disparities

Okunrintemi, V., Khera, R., Spatz, E. S., Salami, J. A., Valero-Elizondo, J., Warraich, H. J., … & Nasir, K. (2019). Association of income disparities with patient-reported healthcare experience. Journal of general internal medicine34, 884-892. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04848-4

The study examined the differences in patient healthcare experiences depending on the level of income. The article was selected because it evaluates disparities in health outcomes associated with socioeconomic status. Findings show that low income was consistently linked with poor patient reports on healthcare experience. It concludes that lower-income-earning patients have poorer healthcare experience in all elements of access and quality of care.

Tabaac, A. R., Solazzo, A. L., Gordon, A. R., Austin, S. B., Guss, C., & Charlton, B. M. (2020). Sexual orientation-related disparities in healthcare access in three cohorts of US adults. Preventive medicine132, 105999. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.105999

The study examined sexual orientation differences in insurance access, healthcare utilization, and unmet care needs. The article identified differences by sex and sexual orientation in healthcare utilization and unmet needs. The article was included in my research since it examines healthcare disparities faced by sexual minorities, who are a population of concern in our communities. Findings show that sexual minorities experience disparities in unmet needs for and continuity of care. Thus, improving healthcare access experiences for sexual minorities is vital in reducing disparities for this population.  

Summary

The above research has given me insight into the different types of healthcare disparities.  I have learned that healthcare disparities are experienced more commonly by persons from racial/ethnic minority groups, sexual minority groups, persons with low education,  and those with low income. The articles have increased my knowledge of the vulnerable populations that are most affected by healthcare disparities.

References

Chunara, R., Zhao, Y., Chen, J., Lawrence, K., Testa, P. A., Nov, O., & Mann, D. M. (2021). Telemedicine and healthcare disparities: a cohort study in a large healthcare system in New York City during COVID-19. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association28(1), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocaa217

Häfliger, C., Diviani, N., & Rubinelli, S. (2023). Communication inequalities and health disparities among vulnerable groups during the COVID-19 pandemic-a scoping review of qualitative and quantitative evidence. BMC Public Health23(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15295-6

Okunrintemi, V., Khera, R., Spatz, E. S., Salami, J. A., Valero-Elizondo, J., Warraich, H. J., … & Nasir, K. (2019). Association of income disparities with patient-reported healthcare experience. Journal of general internal medicine34, 884-892. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-019-04848-4

Tabaac, A. R., Solazzo, A. L., Gordon, A. R., Austin, S. B., Guss, C., & Charlton, B. M. (2020). Sexual orientation-related disparities in healthcare access in three cohorts of US adults. Preventive medicine132, 105999. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.105999