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Question 1

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When examining USA mortality data by race (white and black), we find:

Select one:

a. Modern baby delivery technology has eliminated differences in infant mortality between white and black babies

b. Since 1995, life expectancy of black people has actually surpassed the life expectancy of white people

c. The gap between mortality rates of white people and black people has completely closed

d. A gap between mortality rates of white people and black people continues to persist

Question 2

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An important function of local public health departments is:

Select one:

a. Conducting ongoing disease surveillance and monitoring

b. Maintaining birth control clinics through Planned Parenthood

c. Providing outpatient medical treatment for chronic diseases

d. Offering dental care to low income citizens

Question 3

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The single greatest source of death one hundred years ago was:

Select one:

a. Chronic diseases

b. Life-style related diseases

c. Infectious diseases

d. Accidents

Question 4

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What role do public health agencies play in coping with terrorism?

Select one:

a. Screening airline passengers to identify possible terrorists

b. Monitoring for potential biological threats and attacks

c. Conducting intelligence efforts overseas to surface potential terrorists

d. Serving on the National Security Council

Question 5

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It is important that policy makers and health care providers be able to measure the access of community members to health care services. Which of the following measures is employed to see whether access is fairly distributed among different segments of the population?

Select one:

a. Hospital bed-to-population ratio

b. Percentage insurance coverage

c. Race and ethnicity/differentials

d. Physician office use measures

Question 6

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Alternative medicine approaches – including acupuncture, herbal medicine, and dietary supplementation – are growing in the United States.

Select one:

a. true

b. false

Question 7

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When considering healthcare policy, which of the following issues is the most significant policy issue facing policy makers today:

Select one:

a. Improving the caliber of education at medical school

b. Employing information systems to improve healthcare delivery

c. Access to health care

d. Treating rare diseases that do not normally receive adequate attention from the medical and research communities

Question 8

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The focus on reducing the impact of diseases once they occur in individual patients is an example of:

Select one:

a. Primary prevention

b. Secondary prevention

c. Tertiary prevention

d. Quaternary prevention

Question 9

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With ambulatory care:

Select one:

a. The importance of hospital-provided services has increased

b. Many services that were traditionally provided on an inpatient basis are now supplied on an outpatient basis

c. Advanced surgical procedures – such as open heart surgery – are performed in the patient’s home

d. The need for health insurance has diminished.

Question 10

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Which of the following best illustrates the statement: “Attitudes have a big impact on care-seeking behavior.”

Select one:

a. Patients who dislike hospitals are slow to pay their bills

b. People who believe that health care services are likely to help them are more likely to seek health care than those who are skeptical of medical practice

c. People who respect their health care provider are likely to share their positive feelings with friends and colleagues

d. People who have a bad experience with one health care provider may switch to another

Question 11

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Thanks to early detection and improved interventions, survival rates for cancer have increased dramatically in the past three decades.

Select one:

a. true

b. false

Question 12

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The level of funding of Medicaid is strongly affected by increased longevity of the population.

Select one:

a. true

b. false

Question 13

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Which Federal agency is charged with conducting epidemiological investigations of disease outbreaks?

Select one:

a. FDA

b. National Center for Health Statistics

c. Center for Disease Control and Prevention

d. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Question 14

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Expansion of Federal government responsibility expanded dramatically after:

Select one:

a. 1898 – the Spanish American War

b. 1917 – World War I

c. 1935 – Social Security Act

d. 1945 – World War II

Question 15

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The Federal government agency that plays a lead role in testing new medicines, equipment and procedures to assure their safety and efficacy is:

Select one:

a. National Institutes of Health

b. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

c. Food and Drug Administration

d. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Question 16

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Divorce can have a significant impact on the provision of health services. Which of the following items exemplifies this? (Remember, we are looking for a significant impact.)

Select one:

a. Divorce can lead to reduced living standards – it becomes harder to afford medical care

b. Divorce can lead to anger between former husbands and wives, which means they won’t likely use the same health care providers that they used before splitting up

c. The cost of getting a divorce can be high, leaving less money to spend on health care needs

d. Divorce strengthens the law profession, a major source of medical malpractice lawsuits

Question 17

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When looking to the future, it is projected that there will be a substantial increase in health care costs in America and other Western countries due to:

Select one:

a. The aging of the population

b. Increased cancer rates tied to increased smoking

c. Government intervention into the health care system

d. Increasing costs of medical technology

Question 18

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Improvements in information technology have enabled policy makers and health care providers to identify deficiencies in health care access that can be remedied. A significant example of such technology is:

Select one:

a. 4G cell phones

b. Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

c. Tablet computers, such as the iPad

d. Web 3.0

Question 19

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A truly modern health care system emerged in the Post World War II era, as exemplified by technological advances, improved therapeutic interventions, increased focus on chronic diseases, and:

Select one:

a. Federal government involvement in health services directly

b. Improved diets of the population

c. Introduction of CAT scanning diagnostic procedures

d. Passage of the Social Security Act

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