Sample Answer for HIST 405 Discussion 1: The American Revolution Included After Question
Initial Post Instructions
For the initial post, pick two (2) of the leading causes of the American Revolution.
- The Proclamation Act of 1763
- The Navigation Acts
- The Stamp Act
- The Declaratory Act
- The Townsend Act
- The Boston Massacre
- The Coercive Acts
Then, address the following for your selections:
- Analyze the cause and effect of two acts passed by the British Parliament on British North America. Which of your two selections do you consider the most significant and why?
- Examine and explain the significance of the Declaration of Independence to the development of the American Revolution.
A Sample Answer For the Assignment: HIST 405 Discussion 1: The American Revolution
Title: HIST 405 Discussion 1: The American Revolution
In 1775, England was seeking financial support and felt that the colonies were dependent on them and they were entitled to impose a Stamp Act. The intent was to raise revenue by requiring all legal documents and papers have an official stamp. The different colonies now had a reason to come together under one issue of being taxed but not having any input into Parliament.
Both men and women came together and began to boycott English goods and the women began to weave their own linens. Oats and Sandler (2008) noted that the English had issues with the logistics of the stamp act such as imposing this tax across a very large geography, having to ship large amounts of paper across the Atlantic and the additional costs to print publications.
Five years later the Boston Massacre occurred when some citizens began throwing snow and other items at British soldiers who were guarding the goods coming in from overseas trade. The soldiers and the mob began to wrestle, and it ended up that five citizens were shot. Here the colonist, saw England again attacking the colonists and furthered en grained into the colonies that England should not control their fate. U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax.
These events along with others lead to colonies setting aside their differences and unite against the British. The declaration of independence brought the colonies together in a pledge that united them.
Oats, L., and Sadler, P. (2008) Accounting for the Stamp Act Crisis. Accounting Historians Journal. 35 (2) pg. 101-143.
U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax Retrieved from : https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/3-3-english-settlements-in-america
A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: HIST 405 Discussion 1: The American Revolution
Title: HIST 405 Discussion 1: The American Revolution
There were many factors that led to the American Revolution. These factors led to the dissatisfaction with Great Britain. With the massive cost from the French and Indian war, King George III had to pay for the cost. This is when the Proclamation of 1763 was issued. This policy stated that settlement was prohibited anywhere west of the Appalachian Mountains (U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax). This was also used to prevent the settlers and Indians from starting another war.
When an investigation of the colonies and their revenues showed that they were doing very poorly, the new prime minister, George Greenville, was very set on enforcing laws and new taxes. The first step was the Revenue Act (or better known as sugar Act). This taxed the imported sugar and other goods and made stricter penalties for smuggling. This Act violated two beliefs of the colonists, that consent was needed for colonist to be taxed (U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax).
The stamp Act of 1765 was the solution the British had to the resistance to sugar Act. This required that the colonist to buy special stamps to place on things such as newspapers and cards. This enraged the colonists again and yet strengthened the notion that they were being taxed without consent. The next action taken by the British was the Townshend Act of 1767 which taxed imports into the colonies such as glass, paint, paper, and tea. This Act started what would be knowns the nonimportation movement. This movement organized boycotts against anything imported from Britain. With the new taxes in place, the animosity grew between the colonist and Britain. This caused unrest and Britain to move soldiers to the port cities to try to contain the unrest. This resulted in the Boston Massacre (U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax).
Tension ran high in Boston in early 1770. More than 2,000 British soldiers occupied the city of 16,000 colonists and tried to enforce Britain’s tax laws, like the Stamp act and Townshend Acts, American colonists rebelled against the taxes they found repressive, rallying around cry, “no taxation without representation”. Tension increase between colonists, and soldiers and between patriot colonists and colonists loyal to Britain (loyalists) were increasingly common. To protect taxes, patriots often vandalized stores selling British goods and intimidated store merchants and their customers.
The primary cause for the Boston Massacre was that patriots in Boston started throwing things such as rocks and sticks at British soldiers, which caused the soldiers to fire into the crowd. The most significant result was that it helped rally the colonists around the Revolutionary cause. The Boston Massacre seemed to be the insightment of British troops by American colonials (Elizabeth, Brown Kate). Tensions in the American people had built up as result of an increasing sense of patriotism, pains brought on by British rules and regulations.
The tension produced by military occupation of Boston, was increased after the firings of a group of soldiers against a group of nobles who were protesting against the rise of rates on the part of England. The conflict energized anti-British sentiment and paved the way for the American Revolution ( Elizabeth, Brown Kate). The Boston Massacre had a major impact on relations between Britain and the American colonists. It further incensed colonists already weary of British rule and unfair taxation and roused them to fight for independence (Elizabeth, Brown Kate).
The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American colonists, who had no representation in parliament, saw the Acts as an abuse of power. The British sent troops to America to enforce the unpopular new laws, further heightening tensions between Great Britain and the American colonies in the run-up to the American Revolution War. The British government thought the colonists should help pay the cost of their protection. The British parliament enacted a series of taxes on the colonies for the purpose of raising revenue (U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax). By 1769, more than 2,000 British soldiers’ troops had arrived in Boston to restore order.
U.S. History (n.d) OpenStax Retrieved from: https://openstax.org/books/us-history/pages/3-3-english-settlements-in-america
Elizabeth, Brown Kate. “History.” Massachusetts Society, 6 June 2020,http:// www.massar.org/2020/06/06/250th-series-250th-anniversary-of-the-boston-massacre-from-the-viewpoint-of-the-british-and-loyalists/.