HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

Sample Answer for HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War Included After Question

Initial Post Instructions

For the initial post, pick three (3) of the leading causes of the American Civil War:

  • The Compromise of 1850
  • The Fugitive Slave Law 1850
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852
  • The Kansas Nebraska Act 1854
  • The Dred Scott Case of 1857
  • The Lincoln Douglas Debates 1858

Then, address one (1) of the following for your selections:

  • Based on the historical facts given in this module, assess if the American Civil War was inevitable.
  • Analyze if the United States Supreme Court can settle legal and moral issues through judiciary review. In your response, provide a documented example of a modern parallel of a legal or moral issue settled by the United States Supreme Court.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

Title: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

This week’s discussion covers the Civil War.  According to the article” A Brief Overview of the American Civil War”  “The Civil War started because of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. When Abraham Lincoln won election in 1860 as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America.

The incoming Lincoln administration and most of the Northern people refused to recognize the legitimacy of secession. They feared that it would discredit democracy and create a fatal precedent that would eventually fragment the no-longer United States into several small, squabbling countries.” 

As you interact with your classmates this week, consider not only the factors that led to the Civil War in America, but also the fabric of society that was created as a result.

Please remember to use at least one outside source and cite in APA format.

 Works Cited:

” A Brief Overview of the American Civil War ” Retrieved from https://www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/brief-overview-american-civil-war

A Sample Answer 2 For the Assignment: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

Title: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

There were many situations that led up to the civil war.  I chose the Compromise of 1850, the novel by Harriet Beecher, and the Dred Scott case to review for this discussion.

The Compromise of 1850 led to the consideration, do we want to expand slave territory or limit its proliferation. It was Senator Douglas that finally was able to push the five separate bills through congress and it essentially defined California as a free state and let the state residents decide if they wanted slavery or not.  But it also imposed fines and potential prison sentences for the Norther’s if they are caught aid and abiding runaway slaves.   

The story of Uncle Tom’s cabin stood to further highlight the perils of having your family ripped apart by being sold off and the cruelty of the slave owners.  Harriett Beecher, as a woman at time, was considered to have no voice.  Yet she made a tremendous impact.  She was poor, the mother of six, and felt that her work came from God.  Her story telling and narrative brought people together under the anti-slavery like never before and propelling the country to the Civil War. Sacks (2011).

 Then, in the Dred Scott case.   the Supreme Court determined that a free slave was never able to declare US citizenship and then the US Congress had no business to limit or stop slavery.  This demonstrated to the republicans how the South is in control of the government. 

Today, the courts in the U.S. still wrestle with the rights of immigrants.  Parmet & Fischer (2013) reviewed a case where immigrants in Massachusetts were denied access to health care after federal funding was cut off. The state changed its position from health care is a right to health care is a privilege and in 2011 the court found for the immigrants and found it unconstitutional.  

Sacks, P.H. (2011) Author says ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ shaped nation. Telegram & Gazette. Worchester, Mass. 5 (6) Pg. 2-4

Parmet, W. & Fischer, S. (2013) Human fights and immigrant’s access to care. Saluded Publica de Mexico 55 (6) Pg. 631-637.

A Sample Answer 3 For the Assignment: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

Title: HIST 405 Discussion 1: Stepping Stones to the Civil War

Your summary of The Compromise of 1850 was very informative.  In looking further into the issue I discovered that The Compromise of 12850 was a continuation of Peace from the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and caused a political equilibrium between the North and South states, although it was temporary (Heritage Society, n.d).  This was seen as patchwork to the inevitable rise of the Civil War. 

In researching Uncle Tom’s cabin, I found that Harriet Beecher Stowe was inspired to write the novel because of the passing of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, and that some of her inspiration came from interviewing people that escaped from plantations secretly, thus giving her story more backbone (A., 2020).  Also, in reading about the Dread Scott Case I found out that the case was dismissed on procedural grounds due to the court lacking jurisdiction.  I found that very interesting and further showed that the South was in control of the government even more so.  Great post.

References:

A. (2020, June 05). Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Retrieved September 27, 2020, from https://www.battlefields.org/learn/articles/uncle-toms-cabinLinks to an external site.

Heritage Society (n.d.). Effects and Significance of the Compromise of 1850. Retrieved September 27, 2020, from http://www.compromise-of-1850.org/effects-significance/Links to an external site.