Health Exam Multiple Choices

Multiple Choice Questions

1) A physiological and mental response to something in your environment that makes you uncomfortable is defined as ________.

A) stress

B) a stressor

C) eustress

D) hypostress

2) A factor that produces stress is called ________.

A) eustress

B) hypostress

C) a stressor

D) a tensor

3) Eustress refers to ________.

A) high stress levels leading to disease.

B) low stress levels leading to impaired performance.

C) stress levels that lead to improved performance.

D) low stress levels leading to fatigue

4) The main stress hormone released by the endocrine system is ________.

A) epinephrine

B) ghrelin

C) insulin

D) cortisol

5) All of the hormones below are released by the body during the fight-or-flight response except ________.

A) leptin

B) epinephrine

C) cortisol

D) norepinephrine

6) The ________ is responsible for activating the fight-or-flight response.

A) sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system

B) central nervous system

C) parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system

D) peripheral nervous system

7) People with Type B behavior pattern are generally ________.

A) impatient and aggressive

B) hostile

C) overweight

D) easygoing

8) Individuals with Type ________ behavior are prone to worry, anxiety, and discomfort when interacting with others.

A) A

B) B

C) C

D) D

9) A potential negative health effect of stress is ________.

A) lowered blood pressure

B) increased mental alertness

C) lowered disease resistance

D) increased plasma volume

10) The fight-or-flight response occurs during which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?

A) alarm stage

B) acceptance stage

C) resistance stage

D) exhaustion stage

11) According to Selye, the body is most susceptible to disease during the ________ of the general adaptation syndrome.

A) alarm stage

B) denial stage

C) resistance stage

D) exhaustion stage

12) The body’s ability to change and adapt in stressful situations is known as ________.

A) burnout

B) allostasis

C) homeostasis

D) general adaptation

13) The point at which the body becomes unable to respond appropriately to stress is termed ________

A) eustress

B) burnout

C) allostatic load

D) the fight-or-flight response

14) A loss of physical, emotional, and mental energy that can lead to illness and emotional exhaustion is the phenomenon called ________.

A) allostatic load

B) burnout

C) fight-or-flight response

D) overcompensation

15) ________ is a stress-reduction technique that involves contracting and relaxing muscle groups.

A) Meditation

B) Deep breathing

C) Progressive relaxation training

D) Visualization

True/False Questions A = True B = False

16) The factor that produces stress is called eustress.

17) Eustress is defined as a level of stress that results in improved performance.

18) Cortisol increases production of epinephrine and norepinephrine and suppresses the immune system.

19) Males experience a different physiological response to stress than females.

20) People with Type A behavior pattern respond well to stress.

21) People with Type B behavior pattern generally do not respond greatly to stress.

22) People with Type D behavior pattern are at a low risk for heart disease.

23) Gender differences impact the way we respond to stressors.

24) Having poor time-management skills can lead to stress.

25) More than 75% of all physician visits are for stress-related complaints.

26) Some people develop migraine headaches in response to chronic stress.

27) During the alarm stage of the general adaptation syndrome, the body is less susceptible to disease or injury.

28) A classic example of stress that can be avoided is over-commitment.

29) Breathing exercises are a simple means of achieving relaxation.

30) Stress causes Heart disease, high blood pressure , divorce, and reduces chances for success.

Chapter 12 Exercise: The Environment and Special Populations

31) Humans regulate their body temperature around ________.

A) 97°F (35°C)

B) 98.6°F (37°C)

C) 99°F (39°C)

D) 93°F (33°C)

32) Which of the following is an indication of impending heat illness?

A) nausea

B) profuse sweating

C) cold, clammy skin

D) hunger

33) Which of the following is the major mechanism of heat loss during exercise?

A) conduction

B) radiation

C) evaporation

D) diffusion

34) At a given metabolic rate and heat production, which of the following exercises would allow the most cooling through convection?

A) running

B) walking

C) cycling

D) lifting weights

35) During exercise, body temperature rises to the highest level in which of the following environmental conditions?

A) high temperature / low humidity

B) high temperature / high humidity

C) low temperature / high humidity

D) low temperature / low humidity

36) Loss of body heat caused by wind movement is called ________.

A) conduction

B) radiation

C) convection

D) evaporation

37) The best way to determine whether environmental conditions are imposing a heat load on your body during exercise is to monitor your ________.

A) breathing

B) sweat rate

C) heart rate

D) skin temperature

38) The body’s physiological adaptation for the purpose of dissipating heat is called ________.

A) growth

B) habituation

C) acclimatization

D) homeostasis

39) Acclimatization to heat stress occurs in approximately ________.

A) 3-4 days

B) 10-12 days

C) 16-20 days

D) >3 weeks

40) Muscle spasms and twitching limbs together are signs of what temperature-induced condition?

A) heat cramps

B) heat exhaustion

C) heat stroke

D) dehydration

41) Which of the following is characterized by weakness, fatigue, decreased blood pressure, blurred vision, and pale, clammy skin?

A) heat cramps

B) heat exhaustion

C) heat stroke

D) hypothermia