ELM-305 Digital Presentation: The Importance of Literacy GCU

Early literacy relies on appropriately preparing young children for reading. As young children are exposed to letters and sounds, they begin to build a foundation for phonemic awareness. This step is critical in preparing for the sequential order of reading instruction. Phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension build off each other to provide appropriate development for literacy.

Create a 12-15 slide digital presentation intended to be shown to elementary general education classroom teachers within a professional development setting.

Address the following within your presentation:

Describe the scope and importance of reading education history in the U.S.
Discuss the importance of literacy in Grades K-3 and the educational effects on students in their later academic years.
Provide an overview of the Big 5 components of reading instruction (i.e., phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension).
Describe how the brain is involved in the Big 5 components of reading instruction and how the sequential order of each component is important for cognitive processing and reading instruction .
Identify and describe two intervention strategies, per Big 5 component, for struggling readers. At least one strategy identified, per component, should be appropriate for students to use at home .
Include a title slide, reference slide, and presenter notes.
Support your presentation with 3-5 scholarly resources.

While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Fluency is the capability to use a language effectively, accurately, and with ease. Through fluency, students can recognize words automatically and focus on comprehension of texts or passages. For a reader to attain fluency, they must combine and utilize several reading skills at the same time. Fluency allows a reader to recognize words automatically and move to the next as it is tied to comprehension.

The brain’s frontal lobe is charged with production of speech, fluency in reading, grammatical usage and comprehension (Barnes, 2016). The frontal lobes makes it possible to understand complicated grammar in languages. Fluency is a critical part of developing literacy in early education and later years in academics.


Vocabulary plays a critical part in learning to read. Vocabulary comprises of words that one must understand to communicate effectively. Learners can hear and read words but fail to understand their meaning to communicate or express their ideas effectively. Vocabulary enables students to recognize similarities in words that assist them to decipher their meanings (Travis et al., 2017). Vocabulary can also arise from prefixes, suffixes and root words’ usage in passage. There are four groups of vocabulary that include listening, speaking, writing, and reading.

The cerebral cortex is involved in processing language and helps individuals remember new words or learned words.