Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

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Regardless of political affiliation, every citizen has a stake in healthcare policy decisions. Hence, it is little wonder why healthcare items become such high-profile components of presidential agendas. It is also little wonder why they become such hotly debated agenda items.

Policies, Problems, and Planning to Reach Rural Veterans

Suicide accounts for 8.3% of adult deaths in the United States, with Veterans alone accounting for an unfathomable 14.3% of these tragedies (Department of Veterans Affairs [VA], 2018). As a result, the veteran patient population has 1.5 times the rate of suicide as non-veterans (VA, 2018). Our current and previous presidential administrations have helped to fund and develop veteran suicide research and interventions. Since the passage of the Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act (CHOICE Act) in 2014, data and research on veteran suicide have allowed policymakers to focus on reaching veterans living in rural areas. Rural veterans account for nearly one-fourth of the veteran population (VA,2018). Veterans who live in rural areas have a 20%-22% higher risk of suicide.

In 2014, President Barrack Obama and Senator John McCain III set the groundwork for veteran mental health care reform with the passage of the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act (CHOICE Act) of 2014. With this act, veterans in rural areas had expanded options to receive care from non-VA providers with the VHA’s coordination and approval. The CHOICE Act also highlighted health care staffing disparities via staff shortage reports required by the VA Office of Inspector General, and the identification of the need to increase Graduate Medical Education (GME) residency positions in the mental health specialty.

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

A new piece of legislation, the Jeff Miller and Richard Blumentha Veterans Health Care and Benefits Improvement Act, was passed in 2016, which increased the number of GME residency seats from five to ten while also extending the program through 2024, as originally intended (Albanese et al., 2019). Despite the expansion of GME residency positions and budget extensions, rural health care inequities continued to worsen. There is a physician shortage gap in rural areas, which is a mission-critical priority for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Advocates and policymakers started working towards the John S McCain III (Daniel K Akaka) VA Maintaining Internal System and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks Act of 2018 (MISSION).

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

In June 2018, the Obama administration laid the framework for the Trump Administration’s MISSION Act, paving the path for it to become a reality. Mission Act actions based on physician shortages now influence GME residency locations, specialties, and the number of positions available within stated constraints. The focus has switched from bringing veterans to health care providers (HCP) to bringing health care providers to veterans. In addition, these measures include expanding the VA Health Care Profession Scholarships (HPSP) to graduate studies for nurse practitioners who are allowed to practice without physician supervision. Expansions such as these will alleviate staffing shortages in remote veteran communities while also improving patient access to high-quality health care (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2016). Non-VA facilities can now help vets in need without fear of repercussion thanks to GME changes.

The Sgt. Ketchum Rural Veterans Mental Health Act of 2021 was recently passed by the Biden Administration. Many sailors, marines, and soldiers have lost their lives due to a lack of access to treatment for suicide thoughts, so this law is dedicated to Sergent Brandon Ketchum. Military veteran Sgt. Ketchum had post traumatic stress disorder and substance misuse issues when he returned home to rural Iowa after serving in Iraq and Afghanistan. At the Iowa City VA Hospital in 2016, he requested to be admitted, but the psychiatrist ruled that inpatient care was not required at the time. Brandon went back to his house and died that night by suicide. Although no health care professionals were determined to be directly responsible for his death, quality patient education on suicidal ideation, risk factor ratings and access to routine outpatient psychiatric mental health services or the lack of these could be to blame. RANGE (Rural Access Network for Growth Enhancement) programs will be available to rural veterans who have been diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder, major depression, PTSD, or any other severe or persistent mental health illness (Veterans Health Administration, VA.gov: Veterans Affairs 2013). Veterans with major mental illness who are homeless or at danger of homelessness can receive intense case management through the RANGE program, which focuses on recovery. Rural veterans who require more rigorous mental health treatment than typical outpatient therapy are entitled to a study and report under the Sgt. Ketchum Rural Veterans Mental Health Act of 2021, which mandates that the government do so (Monteith et al., 2020).

Although on a smaller scale, VA healthcare reform faces similar obstacles to achieving universal coverage. There are a number of factors that contribute to the creation of policies that appear to be insurmountable obstacles to healthcare reform. However, change is a process. The Sgt. Ketchum Rural Veterans Mental Health Act of 2021, which will replace the CHOICE Act, is a hopeful step forward. Policymakers will use the findings from this ongoing amount of data and study on veteran health. We owe those who have given their lives to defend us an extra layer of protection with each new bill and amendment that is passed.


Albanese, A. P., Bope, E. T., Sanders, K. M., & Bowman, M. (2019). The VA mission act of 2018: A potential game changer for rural GME expansion and Veteran health care. The Journal of Rural Health, 36(1), 133–136. https://doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12360

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2016, December 13). VA ruling on APRN practice: a breakthrough for veterans health care. Message posted on the American Association of Colleges of Nursing Listserv:web@aacn.nche.edu

Department of Veterans Affairs (2018b). VA National Suicide Data Report: 2005–2015. Retrieved from

https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/ docs/data-sheets/OMHSP_National_Suicide_Da ta_Report_2005-2015_06-14-18_508-compliant.pdf

Monteith, L. L., Wendleton, L., Bahraini, N. H., Matarazzo, B. B., Brimner, G., & Mohatt, N. V. (2020). Together with veterans: Va national strategy alignment and lessons learned from community‐based suicide prevention for rural veterans. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 50(3), 588–600. https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12613

VA.gov: Veterans Affairs. RURAL VETERANS. (2016, January 19).


Veterans Health Administration, D. U. S. for O. and M. (2013, May 8). VA.gov: Veterans Affairs. Enhanced RANGE Program. https://www.lexington.va.gov/services/Enhanced_RANGE_Program.asp.

Discussion Presidential Agendas NURS 6050
Discussion Presidential Agendas NURS 6050


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Compare U.S. presidential agenda priorities

            Agenda setting is the process where special interest groups or lobbyist set their problem to government attention (Milstread & Short 2019). In nursing, we have seen a rising plague that leaves patients and families broken and mourning, I am speaking of opioid addiction. Nurses and other interprofessional healthcare workers have taken this systemic agenda and propelled it through the institutional agenda to a decision agenda (Milstread & Short 2019). The current and past Presidents of the United States have acknowledged this agenda and have attempted to curtail this growing epidemic of opioid abuse.

President George W Bush said on his first national address that illegal drugs were the gravest domestic threat (Weedon, 2002). Continuing President Bush said that drugs were an  “Individual tragedy, And, as a result, a social crisis.” (state.gov). Identify the problem came from lobbyists bringing it up the channels and making it a forefront issue. President Bush created at $19 Billion dollars congressional budget to fight drug addiction with the goals to limit the drug supply and reduce the demand. Funding for reducing demand went to public education forums, drug addiction in schools. The goals set by President Bush and his administrative team was to see a “10 percent reduction in teenage and adult drug use over the next two years, and a 25 percent reduction in drug use, nationally, over the next five years.” (state.gov).

President Obama followed President Bush and the opioid crisis continued to ravage the nation. The rate of opioid-related overdose deaths increased more than 200% within the 15 years (Abraham et, al 2017). One of the greatest counter attacks to the opioid crisis was the formation and enactment of the Affordable Care Act. Among other benefits of the Affordable Care Act was the empowerment of the individual states to take action on the opioid crisis. Another great benefit of this legislature was the ability of patients to access substance abuse disorder treatments such as outpatient treatment, residential treatment programs, detoxification, recovery support services, and assistive medications (Abraham et, al 2017). It is estimated 1.6 million Americans with substance abuse disorder gained insurance and access to health care related to the Affordable Care Act (Abraham et, al 2019).

Following President Obama President Trump continued the fight on opioids. President Trump declared opioid addiction a public health emergency (Thompson, 2019).  President Trump signed into law October 24th 2018, SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act. This bipartisan bill was introduced June 3, 2018, and was negotiated and finalized October 3, 2018 (Thompson 2019). Within the confines of this legislature was the Medicaid patient access to substance abuse disorder medications such as but not limited to buprenorphine and naltrexone. Additionally, physicians are now required to include opioid addiction in documenting patient histories (Thompson 2019.)

All three Presidents have contributed to the ongoing domestic war of opioid addiction and substance abuse disorders. The legislation is only as effective as the lobbyist that propel them through the levels of political agenda (Milstread & Short 2019). I would like to see all insurance Medicaid or commercial to work more transparently with physicians and local health officials to have a more transparent screening of the number of opioids being prescribed. I agree with harsher criminal sentencing for illegal drug manufacturing and sale. I would like to see more public education on signs of addiction and greater access to community resources, especially in more rural America.  I believe all three Presidents had great success in identifying and combating this crisis. We as nurses must continue to agenda-setting with our representatives to see the continual change in this arena.


Abraham, A. J., Andrews, C. M., Grogan, C. M., Pollack, H. A., D, A. T., Humphreys, K. N., & Friedmann, P. D. (2017). The Affordable Care Act Transformation of Substance Use Disorder Treatment. American Journal of Public Health, 107(1), 31–32. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303558

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health Policy and Politics a nurses Guide   (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

President Bush Announces Drug Control Strategy. (2002, February 12). Retrieved           September 01, 2020, from https://2001-2009.state.gov/p/inl/rls/rm/8451.htm

Thompson, C. A. (2019). Trump signs legislation to combat opioid crisis. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP : Official Journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 76(1), 5. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1093/ajhp/zxy028

Weedon, J. R. (2002). Drug war undergoes reform. (Legislative Issues).   Corrections Today, 5, 24.

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

RE: Discussion – Week 1
Week 1 Discussion: Response 1
I like that you touched on wanting to bring more addiction resources to rural areas of America. I currently work on a drug and alcohol detox unit at a hospital that serves several rural counties in North Carolina. What are some ideas you have to help rural communities that deal with addiction? Carr & Stewart (2019) found that school nurses in rural areas have the opportunity to identify or address risk factors that could lead to addiction (p.23). School nurses are uniquely positioned to not only educate students about mental health but also their families, which can trickle out into the community as a whole. Another major hurdle to serving the rural population would be the stigma behind asking for help with mental health issues or addiction. Young & Rabiner (2015) found that parents in rural areas were quicker to ask for help for a physical illness rather than mental health issues due to the stigma that behavioral problems or mental issues reflected poorly on parenting styles.
ReferencesCarr, K. L., & Stewart, M. W. (2019). Effectiveness of school-based health center delivery of a cognitive skills building intervention in young, rural adolescents: Potential applications for addiction and mood. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 47, 23–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2019.04.013Young, A. S., & Rabiner, D. (2015). Racial/ethnic differences in parent-reported barriers to accessing children’s health services. Psychological Services, 12(3), 267–273. Retrieved September 3, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038701Rubric DetailSelect Grid

 While it is an extraordinarily broad topic, national healthcare and the reform thereof is always a topic at the forefront of the political arena.  Every president has a hand in the maintaining or changing the vast matter that is our national healthcare.  Below I will briefly discuss some of the more familiar changes and implementations of the last three United States presidents and quickly discuss how each of them handled the issues.

Former president George Bush made several reforms to healthcare during his terms in the White House; among the most notable was the prescription drug benefit.  According to The White House archives, President Bush’s prescription drug benefit plan “provided more than 40 million Americans with better access to prescription drugs” (The White House, n.d., The Bush Record).  This website also tells us that under Bush there were preventative screening programs added to the Medicare plans to assist with and improve preventative care.  The archives also state that “Increased competition and choices by stabilizing and expanding private plan options through the Medicare Advantage program, and increased enrollment to nearly 10 million Americans.  Increased private plan enrollment from 4.7 million in 2003 to nearly 10 million in 2008 (more than 20 percent of all Medicare beneficiaries).  The Administration also ensured nearly every county in America has a private plan choice, many with zero dollar premiums and supplemental benefits” (The White House, n.d., The Bush Record).

Healthcare reform was one of the Barack Obama administration’s key issues.  It was the dream of this administration to make affordable and quality health care the right of every citizen.  The reform preposed was a massive overhaul of what was in place.  For the sake of brevity, I will discuss only a few of the ideals implemented.  According to The White House archives, there was an expansion of discount and rebate programs to reduce drug costs. (The White House, n.d., Improving Health for Americans).  Another point of this massive overhaul was “Ensured individual and small business health plans include essential health benefits, covering emergency services, hospitalization, maternity and newborn care, preventive care such as annual physicals, and more” (The White House, n.d., Improving Health for Americans).

The Trump administration’s attention on national healthcare has been much more focused.  The White House website offers that “President Trump has taken decisive action to lower drug prices for American patients, resulting in declines after years of rising prices” (The White House, 2020, The Fact Sheet).  This includes approving several generic drugs, and a plan to allow importation of drugs from Canada.  This site also tells us that “The President has challenged Congress to pass legislation ending the outrageous practice of surprise medical billing” (The White House, 2020, The Fact Sheet).

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

Every president faces a unique set of problems that the public deems important and demands they address.  One of the topics that always arises is that of our nation’s health care.  The political environment is fluid and ever-changing causing the responses to national problems to shift as well.  As the leader of our country, it is the duty of the president to do what is in the greatest good for the greatest number of people.  While it is easy to say what should be done, it is quite difficulty to accomplish what is in the best interest of such an eclectic group of people that makes up the United States.  I think the best approach would be to take experts that are on the front lines of this country’s healthcare, sift through the policies and laws that are currently in place, then identify what is working and what needs to change.  According to Milstead & Short (2019), following and utilizing the levels of political agenda (pp. 18) can assist in navigating the vast realm of national healthcare.  This is obviously a massive project that would require the expertise of countless individuals, but this is one of the best ways to assess the and revise the systems currently in place.  According to one article “The ability to accurately attribute the unique contributions of nurses working independently or as members of a team was viewed as central to professional practice and all policy recommendations” (Lamb et al., 2015).


Lamb, G., Newhouse, R., Beverly, C., Toney, D. A., Cropley, S., Weaver, C. A., Kurtzman, E., … Peterson, C. (2015). Policy agenda for nurse-led care coordination. Nursing Outlook, 63(4), 521–530. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.003.

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Chapter 2, “Agenda Setting: What Rises to a Policymaker’s Attention?” (pp. 17–18).

The White House, Fact Sheet. (February, 2020). President Trump Is Working To Ensure That Every American Has Access To Better Healthcare At Lower Cost. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-trump-working-ensure-every-american-access-better-healthcare-lower-cost/

The White House. President Barack Obama. (n.d.) Improving Health for All Americans. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-record/health-care

The White House. President George H. Bush. (n.d.) The Bush Record.  https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/infocus/bushrecord/factsheets/healthcare.html

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

RE: Discussion – Week 1

I found the topic you chose on prescription drug benefits and expanded health care needs enlightening. I was originally considering focusing on that same topic. I really like the insight you gave on each of the former and current Presidents view on that area of health care reform.

Former President Bush accomplished many areas of health care reform and notably as you mentioned was signing into legislation laws that would make Medicare prescription drug coverage available to 40 million seniors and people with disabilities according to President Bush’s State of the Union address in 2004. He approved prescription drug discount cards and monetary allowances up to $600 to help low income beneficiaries purchase their medications (President Bush, 2004). Former President Bush also wanted to achieve equality for the American public by implementing upwards of 1,200 new and expanded health center sites to serve underserved populations which lead to the treatment of an additional 6.1 million people by the year 2006 (President Bush, 2004). You mentioned in your discussion that President Bush’s administration had a goal of ensuring Americans had free will in choosing private healthcare plans with no premiums and supplemental benefits, and in 2002 President Bush signed into law legislation that helped fund $100 million to states who established and helped high risk populations receive necessary care that they would otherwise not be able to receive due to financial strain. (President Bush, 2004).

Former President Obama also had a passion for improving health care in America and he went about it with the goal of having every American covered by some form of health insurance. President Obama’s Administration focused similarly to Former President Bush on wanting to establish financial assistance to help individuals and families afford health care coverage who otherwise could not afford it through state and federal marketplaces (The Record, n.d.).  President Obama’s healthcare reform also focused on closing the “donut hole” which would decrease the coverage gap for Medicare prescription drug coverage that our senior population could not afford (The Record, n.d.); by closing this gap it would allow for seniors to still receive their medications even when they were in the “gap” of high coverage by decreasing their out of pocket expense. I found similar information that supported what you wrote Vanna, that under the Affordable Care Act the administration would ensure individual and small business health plans included essential health benefits, covering emergency services, hospitalizations, maternity and newborn care and preventative care (The Record, n.d.).

I found it interesting that when President Trump was running his campaign in 2016 his focus was to revamp and abolish the Affordable Care Act, however, much of what Trump was hoping to accomplish was not all that different from his predecessors. President Trump’s health care initiative focused on lower prescription drug prices and making new affordable healthcare options available (The White House, 2019). The Trump Administration has pursued empowering consumers to be in control of their healthcare by providing transparency and allowing American’s the choice to choose their healthcare needs. Under the current Trump Administration prescription drug prices fell in 2018 for the first time in nearly five decades and new generic drug approvals saved consumers $26 billion through the first year and a half of President Trump’s Administration according to the White House Fact Sheet (2019).

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

All the Presidential Administrations have wanted to protect Americans right to received low cost, high quality healthcare. In each of the Presidential Administration there have been benefits to the American consumer, some costed more to the taxpayers, but each vision was to restore the greater good to the consumer. Healthcare is always going to be at the forefront of Presidential elections and Presidential Agendas. One of the greatest ability nurses have is to be part of current and future changes to healthcare. Professional nurses have a strong, persistent voice in designing such a healthcare system for today and for the future (Milstead & Short, 2019 pp. 13). We are a unique and diverse group of experts that can shape healthcare for the greater good of Americans. According to Milstead and Short by developing credibility with those active in the political process and demonstrating integrity and moral purpose as client advocates, nurses are becoming players in the complex process of policymaking (pp. 12). Nurses can help drive policy and play an integral part in an ever-changing healthcare system from one Administration to the next.


Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019) Health Policy and Politics: A Nurses Guide (6th ed.). Burlington, M: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

The Record. (n.d.). President Obama on Health: Improving Health for All Americans. [Press release]. theRecord_health.pdf (archives.gov)

The White House, Fact Sheet.  (October,2019). President Donald J. Trump’s Healthcare Agenda Puts Seniors and American Patients First.  President Donald J. Trump’s Healthcare Agenda Puts Seniors and American Patients First | The White House

The White House, Fact Sheet. (January, 2004). The President’s Health Care Agenda. Fact Sheet: the President’s Health Care Agenda (Text Only) (archives.gov)

Agenda of the President Based on Health Policy Decision

The American Health Care Act (AHCA) was proposed by President Donald Trump to repeal the Affordable Care Act. Trump’s health policy sought to eliminate market entry barriers for prescription drugs and increase price transparency. In addition, the policy aimed to prevent the states from receiving grants from the Children’s Health Insurance Program and Medicaid. The AHCA was voted on and passed in the House, but President Trump did not sign it into law (John, 2020). The primary policies designed to allow individuals to deduct health insurance premiums in full from their tax returns.
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was proposed by Barack Obama and signed into law in 2010. The primary objective of the Affordable Care Act was to reduce the amount paid by families and individuals for uncompensated care. Therefore, unless individuals qualified for hardship or other exemptions, everyone was required to acquire a health insurance plan (Lambrew, 2018). The policy also prohibited insurance companies from denying coverage to patients with preexisting conditions or overcharging them. Moreover, the ACA aimed to make healthcare coverage affordable by offering subsidies to low-income families.
Bush intended to reform Flexible Savings Accounts (FSAs) and Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs). The policy emphasized insurance reduction, health care cost reduction, and consumer choice (Rundio, 2017). Therefore, Bush offered families a credit for up to 90 percent of the cost of health insurance, with the amount of the credit determined by the recipient’s income growth. Additionally, Bush focused on removing federal regulation on state health programs and assisting small businesses in obtaining insurance through associations (Lambrew, 2018). If I were president, I would not focus on replacing the existing health care policies, but rather on introducing a new policy that would be more beneficial.
John, B. S. (2020). Impacts of Platforms for Healthcare Reform on Children with Special Healthcare Needs
Lambrew, J. M. (2018). What past presidential campaigns can teach us about 2020 health reform preparations. Commonwealth.
Rundio, A., 2017. The cost of healthcare reform is being assessed. Nursing Management (2014+), 23(9), p.14.

President George W. Bush provided the National Institutes of Health (NIH) with Tax-Free Health Savings Accounts and increased funding for medical research, which contributed to the development of the HPV cancer vaccine. He increased Americans’ access to prescription medications. In addition, he funded resources for veterans, such as provisions for traumatic brain injury and mental health. By adding preventative screening programs, President Bush enhanced the quality of medical care for Medicare recipients.

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

In 2010, President Barack Obama’s health care reform proposal became law. The Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) reduced the cost of emergency rooms and chronic illnesses and made coverage more affordable for more people. As a result, individuals received preventative care, which reduced the need for expensive emergency care. If individuals were unable to purchase insurance, the federal government had the authority to tax them.

President Donald Trump eliminated the mandate of the Affordable Care Act. In 2017, insurance companies increased their premiums by 20%. Trump’s executive order in 2018 permitted cheaper and less-regulated plans. A 2019 executive order mandated that drug manufacturers disclose drug prices in advertising.

I believe that all previous presidents implemented health policy based on the country’s circumstances and the needs of its citizens. I would concentrate on enhancing what is already available and beneficial to the country.

President Bush enhanced the American health care system. The White House and The Bush Documents georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/infocus/bushrecord/factsheets/healthcare.html. Retrieved on May 30, 2021.

The name Kimberly Amadeo. How the insurance industry altered Obama’s healthcare reform plan. Obama’s Health Care Reform Plan, The Balance, Kimberly Amadeo, 30 October 2020, www.thebalance.com/obama-s-health-care-reform-plan-3305753.

“Donald Trump’s Health Care Policies,” by Kim Amadeo. The Balance, 23 February 2021, www.thebalance.com/how-would-trump-change-american-health-care-4111422.

Discussion: Presidential Agendas NURS 6050

Discussion Remark
I support your position that we should continue to work to improve existing legislation. Nonetheless, I believe that administrations that enact legislation must amend it during their terms in office. Iron triangles that develop legislation should be required to continue to refine existing policies (Milstead & Short, 2019, section on Overview of Models and Dimensions). I am aware that legislation is not always meticulous in its formulation and implementation at the national level.
However, in my experience, even effective plans and policies have unintended consequences when implemented. In our current system, there is no designated revision period for congress. A set period for revision would be analogous to a period in which a given medication is effective enough, requires an increased dose/additional tasks to streamline it, or a new drug is required to treat the problem/repeal the law. As a result, lobbyists, interest groups, and politicians would consider agenda setting and how legislation will affect the bill’s objectives based on the easiest but most effective stream (Kingdon, 2001, para. 20). Considering this, it is clear that I agree with your position that legislation should be improved by the administration that enacted it.

Milstead, J. A., and N. M. Short (2019). A guide to health policy and politics for nurses (6th ed.). The company Jones & Bartlett Learning.
** John W. Kingdon (Summer, 2001). A MODEL FOR SETTING THE AGENDA, WITH APPLICATIONS, FOR THE SECOND ANNUAL QUELLO TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY AND LAW SYMPOSIUM. 2001, 331 Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University Law Review The URL is https://advance-lexis com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/api/document?collection=analytical- materials&id=urn:contentItem:44N6-2010-00CV-V1SC-00000-00&context=1516831.