BEHS 364 Discussion Family/Parenting Trends

BEHS 364 Discussion Family/Parenting Trends

BEHS 364 Discussion Family/Parenting Trends

Children grow up in different families with varying features. Characteristically, these features evolve as education, technology, and employment patterns change. Cultural evolution also shapes family and parenting styles. The most interesting family trends in modern society include divorce and gender roles. According to Otriz-Ospina and Roser (2020), divorce rates continue to rise and have doubled among adults aged 35-39. Gender roles have evolved too. Instead of divided roles that create unequal power relations between males and females, children are taught to perform all household chores as essential life skills.

These trends are the most exciting since they transform children’s behaviors and dismantle power relations among genders. Regarding children’s behaviors, parental divorce is a leading cause of disruptive behaviors such as substance use problems and disruptive mood (D’Onofrio & Emery, 2019). Adolescent adjustment problems are also witnessed among children of divorced parents. These problems further affect children’s academic performance, with many children performing poorly and some dropping out (D’Onofrio & Emery, 2019). The impacts of evolving gender roles are severe too. Sociological and psychological research shows that the evolving gender roles have dismantled masculinity as female dominance increases (Koenig, 2018; Zhu & Chang, 2019). As a result, most stereotypes that define what a boy or a girl should do in a home have been eroded. Such patterns will significantly shape parenting styles in modern families. Other possible outcomes include the perception of marriage, male power, and the role of a family as a social unit.

BEHS 364 Discussion Family Parenting Trends
BEHS 364 Discussion Family Parenting Trends

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Questions about Parenting

  1. Which parenting style(s) is associated with the most beneficial outcomes as far as a child’s development and behaviors are concerned?
  2. Parenting styles affect a child’s future success on many aspects, including parent-child relationship, interaction with peers, competence, self-esteem, and social life, among others. Which impact area should be the primary concerns for parents and/or caregivers?
  3. Is the family’s role as the basic social unit being threatened by the changes in family/parenting patterns?


D’Onofrio, B., & Emery, R. (2019). Parental divorce or separation and children’s mental health. World psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)18(1), 100–101.

Koenig, A. M. (2018). Comparing prescriptive and descriptive gender stereotypes about children, adults, and the elderly. Frontiers in Psychology9, 1086.

Otriz-Ospina, E., & Roser, M. (2020). Marriages and divorces. Our World in Data.

Zhu, N., & Chang, L. (2019). Evolved but not fixed: a life history account of gender roles and gender inequality. Frontiers in Psychology10, 1709.