BEHS 343 Discussions Parenting Older Children

BEHS 343 Discussions Parenting Older Children

BEHS 343 Discussions Parenting Older Children

Positive and negative reinforcement would be my preferred strategy to address the oppositional behaviors in my 16-year-old son. Positive reinforcement occurs when a behavior is motivated by rewards, which makes the desired behavior more likely to recur (Edwards & Poling, 2020). This is a positive parenting practice that is effective in enhancing the welfare and psychosocial development of children. Negative reinforcement involves removing a stimulus as the outcome of behavior, which leads to a positive outcome for an individual (Edwards & Poling, 2020). I would employ positive and negative reinforcement to alleviate his unwanted behaviors and promote healthy behaviors. It also helps to prevent psychosocial and mental health difficulties in children and adolescents.

I will use positive reinforcement by promising to buy him something he has been wishing for or pay for a trip if his grades continuously improve and if he attains a certain target. Furthermore, I will use negative reinforcement by taking his mobile phone and changing the curfew to 8 pm if he gets home after the curfew time. However, I would avoid making the decisions on the reward and punishment without informing him and would communicate them prior to avoid further resistance (Rincón et al., 2018).

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Regarding my daughter, it will be important first to recognize that bullying is a problem for this girl. The child may be in psychological distress, and bullying puts her at risk of anxiety and depressive disorder. Interventions for my daughter will include applying empathetic listening to the girl and understanding her view about being teased at school and cyberbullying. I would also involve her teachers so that they can discourage teasing and bullying (Armitage, 2021). However, I would avoid blaming the girl for exposing herself to bullying since it would worsen her emotional well-being and worsen her school-refusal behavior.


Armitage, R. (2021). Bullying in children: impact on child health. BMJ paediatrics open5(1), e000939.

Edwards, T. L., & Poling, A. (2020). Motivating Operations and Negative Reinforcement. Perspectives on behavior science43(4), 761–778.

Rincón, P., Cova, F., Saldivia, S., Bustos, C., Grandón, P., Inostroza, C., Streiner, D., Bühring, V., & King, M. (2018). Effectiveness of a Positive Parental Practices Training Program for Chilean Preschoolers’ Families: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Frontiers in psychology9, 1751.