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Running head: HOLISTIC APPROACH TO SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

Holistic Approach to Substance Abuse Treatment

Monique D Brown Wellons

Walden University

Holistic Approach to Substance Abuse Treatment

The focus of this paper is to provide a problem statement as well as a background to the study. The problem statement is an end product of an examination of research outcomes and current practice. The problem statement usually covers a rational argument for the necessity to address a gap in the reviewed literature. The need must have current relevance to the area of practice and discipline. It is, therefore, a reason to conduct research. On the other hand, the background of the study provides a representative list of scholars and conclusions that back and elucidate the main assertions within the problem statement.

Problem Statement

For a prolonged period, women have not wholesomely been encompassed in studies that seed to find solutions in the treatment of substance abuse. Particular emphasis has been placed on men a scenario that is attributed to the fact that more men than women are exposed to the use of these abusive substances. The stated fact does not, however, mean that women should not be encompassed in research studies. They should be included since they possess a unique biological and psychosocial composition that requires a different approach in treatment. We, therefore, cannot use the blanket approach in their treatment since some of the treatment approaches used by men are not applicable to them (ASAM, 2011).

Also, there is a manifold of research-based techniques that can be applied in the treatment of patients who have engaged in the use of abusive substances. These approaches include therapeutic sessions aimed at psychologically improving the condition of a patient. However much a therapist may make an input in the form of deliberations with a patient, a patient’s input too is essential for the realization of effective progress in treatment. The notion, therefore, brings up the element of creative therapy. Creative therapy entails the use of art which will be instrumental in enabling patients to express themselves and understand their situation through the use of music, paintings and art drawings. Furthermore, there is a fundamental gap in the understanding of the correlation between stress and addiction. Addiction often constitutes imbalances within the mind, body and spirit. It will, therefore, be beneficial for this research to understand the correlation thereby be able to correct the imbalances (ASAM, 2011).

Previously published literature show that there are fundamental gaps in research studies that encompass women thus implying that there are limited treatment techniques that can be applied to women. Another gap that is observed is the use of creative therapy programs that allow patients that have engaged in the use of abusive substances to express and understand their situation. The occurrence, therefore, implies that there is a need for studies that encompass women. Thus, there is need of strategies that particularly address the needs of women. In addition, there is need to further the understanding of stress and addiction (NIDA, 2007).

Reviewed literature reveals the concept that constitutes having a craving for substance abuse. It reveals that frequent drug use is a causative agent for addiction. It also reveals that addiction constitutes the inability to controls one’s urges in engaging in the use of abusive substances. The research, however, states that the key to recovery is correcting imbalances within the mind body and spirit (NIDA, 2007).

Background for Study

Selected articles relating to Methodologies to Substance Abuse Treatment and the process of management of abuse patients are described here:

1. American Art Therapy Association, (1996) provides a history of the use of therapy in Treatment of Substance Abuse patients.

2. Amodia, Eliason, and Cano (2005) provide an integral approach to substance abuse.

3. Barrowclough, Haddock, Tarrier, Lewis, Moring, O’Brien, Schofield and McGovern (2001), provide an unbiased control trial of motivational cross-examinaation, family intervention for patients and cognitive behavioral therapy.

4. Black, Jacques, Webber, Spurr, Carey, Hebb, and Gilbert (2010), provides details for a massage that is used in the treatment of anxiety in patients experiencing withdrawal symptoms for the use of psychoactive drugs.

5. Chen, Comerford, Shinnick and Ziedonis (2010), provide details about Qigong meditation that can be used in domiciliary dependency treatment. It is a model experiment where gender is used to make distinctive differences in gender.

6. De Moor, Beem, Stubbe, Boomsma and De Geus (2006), is a population-based study that provides information on the use of regular exercise to prevent anxiety and depression.

7. Fisher and Harrison, (2013) provide information on substance abuse for school counselors therapists and social workers.

8. Erickson and Young, (2010) give information on group therapy for incarcerated women. It generally talks about counseling women offenders who are fundamentally exposed to drug and substance abuse.

9. Enhancing motivation for change in substance abuse is, and the use of treatment protocols is detailed in the medical journal of Center for Substance Abuse treatment published in 1999.

10. Brief therapies and interventions for patients engaged in the use of abusive substances are detailed in the 2001 journal of Center for Substance Abuse treatment. These interventions also include the use of treatment protocols.

11. Moe (2011), give details on group guided imagery for patients suffering from substance abuse disorders and is found in the journal of the Association of Music Imagery.

12. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (2009) provided safe and suggested treatment measures for the treatment of drug abuse from a human health perspective.

13. Priester, Scherer, Steinfeldt, Jana-Masri, Jashinsky, Jones, and Vang, (2009) provide findings from a national survey on Pastoral Psychology on the frequency of prayer, holistic intervention and meditation on addiction treatment.

14. In Baron and Siporins journal article of 2012, they provide information on the incorporation non-drug social and recreational treatment on patients having chemical dependency syndromes.

15. Sun (2007) details relapse among substance abusing women. Sun’s journal article also details components and processes of treatment.

16. Wesa and Cullition (2004), provide commendations and guiding principles regarding ideal exploration protocols for studying and examining the effect of optimum therapeutic environments in patients with drug abuse disorders.

17. Wright, Nebebkopf, King, Maas, Patel and Samuel (2011), provide holistic systems of care. The quote evidence from the systems effectiveness.

18. Yang, Lee, and Sohn (2007) provide possible mechanisms for underlying the effectiveness of art therapy in the treatment of drug addiction published under the Advanced Access Publication.

The paper highlights problems in the area of study that need to be addressed. The problems have not been addressed in previous research. This study, therefore, intends to fill a gap that has not been previously addressed.

References

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acupuncture in the treatment of drug addiction. Advance Access Publication, 5(3), 257-

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Wright, S., Nebebkopf, E., King,J., Maas, M., Patel, C.& Samuel, S. (2011). Holistic system of

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10.3109/10826084.2011.592438..

Wesa, K., & Culliton, P. (2004). Recommendations and guidelines regarding the preferred

research protocol for investigating the impact of an optimal healing environment on

patients with substance abuse. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine,

10(1), 192-199.

Sun, A. (2007). Relapse among substance- abusing women; components and processes.

Substance Use & Misuse, 42, 1-21. doi: 101080/10826080601094082.

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Priester, P., Scherer, J., Steinfeldt, J., Jana-Masri, A., Jashinsky, T., Jones, J. & Vang, C. (2009).

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National Institute on Drug Abuse (2009). DrugFacts: Treatment approaches for drug addiction.

Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services

Moe, T. (2011-2012). Group guided imagery and music therapy for inpatients with substance

abuse disorder. Journal of the Association for Music & Imagery, 13, 79-98.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (2001). Brief interventions and brief therapies for

substance abuse. (2001). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services

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http://store.samhsa.gov/product/TIP-34-Brief-Interventions-and-Brief-Therapies-for

Substance-Abuse/SMA12-3952

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (1999). Enhancing motivation for change in substance

abuse treatment. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services

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http://store.samhsa.gov/product/TIP-35-Enhancing-Motivation-for-Change-in-Substance

Abuse-Treatment/SMA13-4212

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