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Discuss some of the practical and ethical challenges related to research with children. Use the Capella library and locate an empirically based article with children as subjects. Share the context and results of the study and discuss the practical and ethical challenges that emerged. What relevant considerations seem to have been omitted or not considered in your selected article related to practical and ethical challenges?

Following is an example of such a study. Do not use the example but find your own study from Capella library.

  • Neuman, S. B., Kaefer, T., Pinkham, A., & Strouse, G. (2014). Can babies learn to read? A randomized trial of baby media. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106(3), 815.

Refer to the PSY7220 Research Guide for information on finding peer-reviewed articles. Links to both the article and the library guide are given in the resources.

that for women, mating motives increased indirect aggression use, a finding consistent with Benenson’s [2009] idea that human females constantly compete with one another to initiate and maintain a long- term partnership with a mate. The form this competition takes is indirect aggression. Across human history, females have relied heavily on the investment of males for the provision of resources and for the protection of themselves and their offspring [Benenson, 2009, p. 269]. Having a mate defect often indicates fewer resources for the woman and her offspring. Finally, consistent with our initial hypothesis, we

found that women reported being less likely to be friends with the sexy-thin or sexy-fat confederate than the conservative confederate. Bleske and Shackelford [2001] examined mating rivalry in same-sex friendships and found that women, but not men, were less willing to be friends with a woman who was described as sexually promiscuous. We suspect that women who appear sexually available are not perceived as ‘‘safe’’ friends—they are expected to be mate poachers and they likely devalue a person’s mate value (guilty by association). More studies examining this specific hypothesis are needed.

Limitations and Future Directions

Although the effect sizes of this study were large, there are limitations that ought to be considered. First, it is possible that participants were reacting to a norm violation, although there were no differences between the two conditions on the facial expression surprise. Women certainly dress provocatively in a university context; however, most research assistants (the role played by the confederate in Study 1) would likely not be dressed in such a sexy manner. Nevertheless, we suspect that it would be rather difficult to assess this alternative norm violation hypothesis in a plausible way. For example, the confederate could be dressed as a clown (norm violation) and we would expect a reaction from participants but we would also expect them to be suspicious of the intent of the study therefore compromising validity. Second, we did not assess the effects of ovulatory

cycle on women’s behavior (Study 1) or ratings (Study 2). Fisher [2004] found that the time of ovulation was related to women rating other women as less attractive, suggesting that intrasexual com- petition may increase during times of peak fertility. Durante et al. [2008] found shifts in clothing choice related to ovulation with women showing greater

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