Assignment: Expressive communicators

Assignment: Expressive communicators

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Assignment: Expressive communicators
Assignment: Expressive communicators

Assignment: Expressive communicators

Our communication style can help or hinder our efforts to frame reality. Expressive communicators struggle with framing because their goal is to express themselves, saying pretty much what they think no matter what the consequences. Vice President Joe Biden is one well-known example of an expressive communicator. During the Swine Flu epidemic he told the Ameri- can public to stay out of airplanes due to poor air circulation, a comment that further crippled the airline and tourist industries that were already struggling in tough economic times. Conventional communicators are more sensitive to framing because they track what is appropriate to the situation and follow social norms. However, a conventional approach may blind communicators to better, more creative options. Strategic communicators are most likely to be skillful framers becau


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.
se they are very aware of the situation and alternatives for responding. They are highly sensitive to language and choose their words carefully. You can determine your communication style by completing the self- assessment in box 8.4.

Becoming aware of the importance of framing is one step toward becom- ing a more strategic communicator. You can also prepare or “prime” yourself for framing opportunities. Engage in mental rehearsal before you present your frame, just as you would study for a test or repeat a person’s name over and over in your head so you will remember it when you meet that individual again. Set aside time to reflect upon your mental images of your job and your organization. Constantly be on the lookout for opportunities to frame, such as when faced with a conflict about policies, a change initiative, or a crisis. Prime your language use by noting how words are used in conversation, literature, and news stories. Analyze arguments made in government and in the media. Create a story file to use in future framing contexts and constantly expand your vocabulary (learn a new word each day, for instance). Consciously avoid offensive words and reflect on your verbal missteps to learn from them.

Box 8.4 Self-Assessment Communications Style Inventory41

Directions: There are fifteen pairs of statements in this inventory. For each pair, read both statements and

quickly decide which statement best fits your communication style. Even if both statements are partially true, select the one that is true more often than not. Circle either “a” or “b,” not both. There is no right or wrong answer in this survey.

Hackman-Johnson Page 256 Tuesday, March 12, 2013 12:54 PM
Leadership in Organizations 257

Circle “a” or “b”

Scoring: When your response matches the letter “b,” score one point. All answers matching the letter

“a” are to be scored zero. The scale ranges from 0 to 15, with these approximate ranges:

0–8 = Expressive 9–12 = Conventional

13–15 = Strategic Most leaders are Conventionals.

1a. I pretty much say what I’m thinking most of the time.

2a. When communicating with another per- son, you have to respond to what the sit- uation calls for.

3a. I am sensitive to the context in which I communicate with others.

4a. I consider myself to be a straight-shooter. My communication is pretty transparent most of the time.

5a. If my employees failed on an assignment that they are more than capable of han- dling, I would not be afraid to deliver a harsh message to them.
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.