Assignment: Child Psychiatry Human Development

Annotated Bibliography

Piqueras, J.A, Rodriguez-Jimenez, T., Ortiz, A.G, Moreno, E., Lazaro, L. & A. Storch, E.A. (2017). Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity of the Spanish Version of the Children’s Florida Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (CFOCI). Child Psychiatry Human Development 48,166–179. DOI 10.1007/s10578-016-0661-4

The article tackles childhood development by addressing the issue of Obsessive-compulsive disorder and the concerns raised over the impact and implications of the ailment detection using C-FOCI. The introduction of the article defines the conceptual idea behind the disease and the statistical definition of the youths who are said to have OCD. It then delves into the instrumental characteristics that define the ailment with clarity on the definitive consequences that is considered the instruments for child and adolescent symptoms. Additionally, the article mentions two key organizations that help in the screening and detection of the critical symptoms thus the determination of mitigation and curative measure. More so, the article delves into evidence-based research within a community by placing controls in place through which the analysis to show reliability between the results and the sensitivity for detection. The analytical aspect of the article delves into the population of 48 female children and adolescents whose OCD levels were measured. Comparative analysis was used to measure through the accuracy of diagnosis, and the validity of prediction to arrive at the conclusion which indicates that C-FOCI is a good self-measurements to take as it gives reliable and accurate psychometric properties. In addition, the article concludes that there are two independent variables in consideration that should be looked at separately when it comes to OCD in children and adolescents, that is the severity and the symptoms. The reliability of this process and deliberation as instrumental tools in measurement has also been confirmed and thus approval of its use in the assessment of the two variables.

The clarity that is portrayed by the article is its ability to address OCD as a factor in the development of children and the facts that in the end are consequential. In the determination of the instrumental process of assessment, the article informs of reliability measures that should be considered when looking at the severity and the symptoms. Most especially that is a key focus in this article is the fact that it points out the influence in female children and adolescents thus noting the sensitivity to the issue as well as the organizational bodies that come into play when it comes to child development and mental health.

Özyurt G. & Beşiroğlu L. (2018). Autism Spectrum Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Their Mothers. Arch Neuropsychiatry 55, 40-48. Retrieved from

The article begins with the definition of OCD and in the process points out the symptoms related to the disorder thus focusing on the clinical characterization specifically for teenagers and the onset in adults. It gives the statistical range of the mental health disorder from the perspective of age. In looking at this distribution, the author approaches the subject by pointing out the causes and the relation to familial connection through genes. This critical observation introduces the factors of other forms of OCD that appear and the relation to child development aspects and perspective. In further discussion, the research in the article, through evidence-based observation and analysis takes the form of a qualitative analysis carried out through questionnaire and two sets of interviews with population criterion that is age-based specifically for children and adolescents. In view of this, the article looks at a comparative of controls in place both physical, mental and environmental that influence the diagnosis and evaluation of OCD in healthy and unhealthy children from an autistics symptomatic (ASD) analysis perspective. The comparative analysis in the article arrives at the conclusion that ASD symptoms are connected to the severity of OCD with more incidences diagnosed late. Th

The characteristics of the symptoms observed in OCD discussed in this article have been related to the level of OCD in parents as well measured by YBOCS with the comparative measure in anorexia nervosa development in teenagers. The symptoms aligned in this article are the related to the severity in parents and thus an indication of parental relationship as risks determination in OCD and ASD as mental disorders etiology.

Weidle, B. & Skarphedinsson, G. (2016).Treatment of a Child with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder with Limited Motivation: Course and Outcome of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology 72, 1139–1151

Cognitive development in mental disorders determination can be a form of treatment exposure and response prevention, ERP which is a treatment method that is the main focus of this article. The sensitivity is especially focused on the OCD treatment of children in the form of therapy. This article focuses on this treatment as an intervention that is an alternative to OCD treatment with both adults and children. The expected response that is to be triggered with this is defined in the article as a measure of the symptomatic alleviation which will improve not only self-esteem but the relationships. The determination that has been categorized in the article is the relationship between the influence of parental reign especially when it comes to discipline and the treatments response mechanism and development of therapeutic alternative in OCD treatment.

Using a case presentation, the article defines a good example of the OCD description in children and thus the determination of the assessment and analysis of the form of application in intervening. The article puts into perspective the critical severity of OCD as a problem and situational analysis from a qualitative perspective which allows from for involvement of patient as well as the social identifiers which act as control alongside their treatment. The emphasis given is on the clinical application and the clinical practices that are in place. In this article, the clarity given is centered on the practicality of intervention in OCD with the inclusion of both parental recognition, the severity of the disorder and the application of the journey to treatment.

Tactile processing in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder Burak Gu¨c¸lu¨ 1, Canan Tanıdır2, Emre C¸ anayaz1,3, Bora Gu¨ ner4, Hamiyet _Ipek Toz2, Ozden ¸S. U¨ neri2, & Mark Tommerdahl5

The article aim was to bring to attention the observation of OCD as a phenomenon in mental health in children. The definitive measure that has been sued in this article is the research base of 31 people, 11 male and 1 female children between 1 and 8 years old. The criterion of the population has been the fact that they are undergoing treatment and have OCD with no history of psychiatric problems. The relative determination of the data collection is based on interviews and questionnaire as a form of data collection whose analysis was done to correlate the psychophysical analysis to OCD development. In the measure, that article arrives at a conclusion that OCD determination cannot be relatively similar in all cases and thus distinctive observation in the younger and the older population. Sensitivity development which measures the severity of the OCD has been determining in correlation with the control and dimensions that define the level of controls. It was found out that controls were oppositely related to the amplitude based on the fact that all participant had better control as compared to amplitude discrimination

The article touches on the sensitivity of treatment planning and understanding of the driving factors for OCD development thus distinguishing the treatment planning differentiation and uniqueness from one group to another. The response to tactile stimuli which is the main focus of the article has been said to be better on younger than older participants concluding that controls do not necessarily affect the interpretation of the result thus it independence from the reaction time.

Skarphedinsson, G., Nadai, A.S., Eric A. Storch, E.A.., Lewin, A.B., & Ivarsson, T. (2017). Defining cognitive‑behavior therapy response and remission in pediatric OCD: a signal detection analysis of the Children’sYale‑Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Eur Child Adolescent Psychiatry 26, 47-55. DOI 10.1007/s00787-016-0863-0

The article begins with information on the statistical representation of the population at large who are affected by OCD. In retrospect, it relates to the development of treatment methods based on clinical application and in the process continues to relate to the symptoms their assessment and evaluation of results. The two hundred and sixty-nine participants involved in the research done for this article were chosen on the fact that they were under no treatment medication and could thus be effectively considered for complete cognitive behavior therapy having received treatment with their family based on EPT and CBT.

The research methodology applied in this was based on observation of the session that the participants attended and thus the qualitative determination of the response with detailed recording of the treatment. In relation, the results were analyzed using statistics in the determination of discrimination of remission and response as compared to CY-BOCS reduction percentage.

The focus of this article given an informative discussion on the standardization of treatment criteria across the different treatment applied in OCD alleviation. In detail, the article points out the limitation that is observed in the study introducing the element favorability in treatment planning thus symptom reduction as well as response to treatment and remission. It concludes that at a threshold of 35% reduction of symptoms related to OCD should be matched with the total score in CY-BOCS thus the comparative determination of continuous treatment. This is suggested that at high CY-BOCS, the patient should continue CBT treatment until remission is achieved.

Taner, H.A., Gozil, R., Iseri, E., Buru, E., & Bahcelioglu, M. (2016). The ratio of the second finger to the fourth finger in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Rev Arg de Anat Clin 8 (3), 135-141

The article looks at the observation made in assessment and observation of different diseases using the difference in the ratio of the index finger to the ring finger in females and males. Using this as the basis of the argument, the article delves into the determination of the diagnosis as well as treatment evaluation of OCD in males and females using 2D and 4D ratios of psychiatric disorders. In this determination, the article focuses its discussion on the deficits, control, and attention that are directed to OCD symptoms in children and adolescents of both genders. The research done includes the observation of 30 children aged 7-7 who was diagnosed with OCD. In this research, the central focus was on interviewing and research on the history of the patients. In this way, the results were compared using control groups through Student t-tests.

The research concludes with a determination that there is no significant difference in controls for either gender with clear indication that lower testosterone/ estrogen ratio if the fetus is a key indicator of the etiology in OCD for the female participants. These differences that have been observed are the identification of the childhood symptomatic observation and the difference in male and female in their childhood leading to differentiated development pathways over time. However, the article insists there is a need for more research to confirm this observation.