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APPENDIX

Items in the Integrity Scale

1 It is foolish to tell the truth when big profits can be made by lying. (R)

2 No matter how much money one makes, life is unsatisfactory with- out a strong sense of duty and character.

3 Regardless of concerns about principles, in today’s world you have to be practical, adapt to opportunities, and do what is most advan- tageous for you. (R)

4 Being inflexible and refusing to compromise are good if it means standing up for what is right.

5 The reason it is important to tell the truth is because of what others will do to you if you don’t, not because of any issue of right and wrong. (R)

6 The true test of character is a willingness to stand by one’s princi- ples, no matter what price one has to pay.

7 There are no principles worth dying for. (R)

8 It is important to me to feel that I have not compromised my principles.

9 If one believes something is right, one must stand by it, even if it means losing friends or missing out on profitable opportunities.

10 Compromising one’s principles is always wrong, regardless of the circumstances or the amount that can be personally gained.

(Continued)

354 Schlenker, Weigold, & Schlenker

11 Universal ethical principles exist and should be applied under all circumstances, with no exceptions.

12 Lying is sometimes necessary to accomplish important, worthwhile goals. (R)

13 Integrity is more important than financial gain.

14 It is important to fulfill one’s obligations at all times, even when nobody will know if one doesn’t.

15 If done for the right reasons, even lying or cheating is OK. (R)

16 Some actions are wrong no matter what the consequences or justification.

17 One’s principles should not be compromised regardless of the possible gain.

18 Some transgressions are wrong and cannot be legitimately justified or defended regardless of how much one tries.

Note: Respondents are asked to read each of the statements and indicate the extent

of their agreement or disagreement where 15 strongly disagree, 25 disagree, 35 nei-

ther disagree nor agree, 45 agree, and 55 strongly agree. Items marked (R) are re-

verse scored. Integrity Scale r Barry R. Schlenker, 2006.

APPENDIX (CONT.)

What Makes a Hero? 355

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